The Pomeranian is a small dog breed that is big on personality. It is a miniaturized relative to the Spitz family of dogs—i.e., the Akita, Alaskan Malamute, Chow Chow, Samoyed and Shiba Inu—which are working dogs that came from colder, arctic climates.
This small dog breed originated in a now defunct region of Germany and Poland known as Pomerania, and made its way to England during the mid-19th century, where it earned the Pomeranian name.
When they first arrived, they were much larger, weighing in at around 30 pounds and serving as sheepherders. While they may have been bred to be smaller—like the Pomeranian dogs we know today—all those familiar with the breed know they have maintained their big dog personalities.
Pomeranians are an extremely popular dog breed these days. They have not only captured the fancy of many famous historical and current public figures, but have also become public figures in and of themselves.
Check out our Pomeranian field guide to find out more about what makes this small dog breed such a big hit.