Vet & Veterinary Terms
Indicates that something has no presence of bacteria in it
A location in which animals are slaughtered; a slaughter house.
Abaxial is a term that refers to something in particular being found away from the center of the body or the body part in question.
The abdomen is the part of the body between the chest and the hips. It contains some of the most vital organs of them all, including the stomach and intestines, the bladder, the liver, and other vital organs. Abdominal is an adjective term that refers to something pertaining to the abdomen
Abdominal breathing is an irregular type of breathing that uses the muscles in the wall of the abdomen to move air into the lungs and pump it back out. Abdominal breathing is not normal and is normally the indicator of some type of respiratory condition or infection.
The space in the abdomen that holds the major digestive organs in an animal. Normally referred to as the area between the diaphragm and the pelvis. Also referred to as the peritoneal cavity.
Refers to a condition in which fluid collects around the vital organs located inside the abdomen. This is normally the side effect of a more serious condition, like liver disease or heart disease. Certain bacterial infections can also cause the build-up of such fluid, as can certain types of cancer. An animal experiencing abdominal effusion will likely have an extremely bloated midsection.
The abdominal wall is a group of bones, muscles, and vital tissues that make up the wall around the organs in the abdomen. Inside these bones, muscles, and tissues is a cavity, and the cavity is what houses the vital organs found inside the abdomen. The abdominal wall is vital for protection of these organs.
Abdominocentesis is a procedure in which a needle is inserted into the abdomen of the animal to remove fluid. In most cases, abdominocentesis is used to make a diagnosis of some sort in a sick animal.
Abduct is the opposite of adduct. It refers to the movement of something away from the animal's midsection
Abiotrophy refers to the loss of use of an organ in particular. In most cases, this is a progressive condition and is inheritable. Abiotrophy may occur in an organ, a tissue, or even the nervous system.
To take off of the teat or to stop from nursing; to wean an animal off of its mother's milk.
To ablate is to complete take something out of something else. Ablation (n.) refers to removal of a particular body part by cutting it out.
The surgical procedure of attaching the fourth stomach (the abomasums) compartment to the abdominal wall.
In animals, the fourth of several stomach compartments. Also referred to as the true or real stomach.
Used to describe a direction; away from or outside an animal's mouth.
To end the pregnancy early; in animals, usually used to describe similar circumstances as a ‘miscarriage' in humans. An abortion (n.) is used to describe the ending of a pregnancy whether purposeful or accidental.
Fails to work properly; unfruitful. In veterinary medicine, used to describe an animal that is barren or unable to successfully reproduce.
An injury that has occurred in which one or more of the topmost layers of the skin are scraped away. Also known as a scrape
A localized infection, usually a lesion filled with pus. Can be large or small in size.
In veterinary medicine, refers to an animal's actual age in calendar years rather than the age pertaining to their development. ex: absolute age (actual age) vs. age in ‘dog years.
In veterinary medicine, the joining of already digested nutrients with the circulatory system. Absorption is how an animal's body makes use of nutrients from food.
The rate at which digested nutrients enters the circulatory system.
The number of animals per unit area. ex: five horses per square acre.
Refers to the condition of being overrun with parasites, such as ticks or mites.
Any substance known to kill certain parasites, including ticks and mites. May be found in the form of a paste, a liquid, or a powder.
Refers to any tick or mite belonging to the order Acarina or the family Acaridae.
A mite or a tick.
To become accustomed to new actions, surroundings, environment, or companions. Ex: a dog may need to acclimate himself to a new home upon adoption from a shelter.
The act of helping an animal to adjust to something or some place foreign to them.
A process, that of adjusting the eye to see objects at a variety of distances.
Accredited herd is a term that is used to refer to dairy cattle that has been tested and received the certification necessary to be declared free of tuberculosis as described by the United States Department of Agriculture. To be considered part of the accredited herd, two tests given must be passed.
Accuracy of selection refers to the difference between what an animal's breeding value was estimated to be and its actual breeding value.
The socket that holds the head of the femur, found in the pelvis of a given animal.
Chemically described as CH3COOH. In the veterinary context, acetic acid is used in the fermentation of lactic acid and a necessary component of taste in certain dairy products.
The bacteria that is involved with turning alcohol into acetic acid.
Acetic fermentation is the process of turning ethyl alcohol into acetic acid with the use of fermenting bacteria.
Chemically described as CH3COCH3, created from the fermentation of sugar and starch. Acetone can be found in the urine of a diabetic animal, the breath of certain lactating animals, and in blood. When found in lactating animals, acetone indicates a deficiency, usually of carbohydrates resulting from an inability to properly oxidize fat in feed.
Acetonemia is a disease. It involves the presence of large amounts of acetone in the blood. This condition is also referred to as: milk fever, acidosis, acetenouria, pregnancy disease (in ewes).
Refers to difficulty or lack of ability to release the smooth muscle in the digestive system, found in the gastrointestinal tract.
Refers to the changes undergone by the skeletal system during development of the fetus; has the ability to be inherited genetically.
Any substance or solution with a total pH of less than 7; a term used to described low pH or an increase in the number of hydrogen ions in a given substance.
Resists the effects of acids; has less of a chance of losing color due to acidic properties
Refers to silage that is preserved with the help of certain types of acid, including sulfuric or hydrochloric acid, some combination of sulfuric and hydrochloric acid, or commercial phosphoric acid.
Refers to the density of hydrogen ions in a given solution.
A term used to describe an organism that tends to thrive in an acidic environment, such as soil rich in acid.
A condition of the body in which pH levels are abnormally low.
Refers to the sound properties of a given item.
The changes that the character of a particular animal has gone through, whether the be physiological or otherwise. May be due to the environment that they live in. Acquired character cannot be passed on and it is not genetic in nature.
Refers to the immunity that can be built up to a disease or illness that an animal would normally fall victim to. There are several reasons why this is, and it may be an active immunity (antibodies build up through having the disease) or passive immunity (e.g., immunity passed on through mother's milk or an animal's serum).
A measurement; used to figure the number of acres that are needed for one animal to be able to forage easily for one month when used properly.
An issue caused by excessive growth hormones in which the extremities become larger in size.
The outer edge of the scapula; this is where the collar bone is attached to the animal's body.
Refers to the small cap that covers the head of sperm.
Also referred to as active ingredient; a term used to describe the ingredient in a chemical that poses a toxic threat to a particular animal.
Refers to immunity that is built up through exposure to the disease or pathogen.
The compiling of materials using a chemical analysis generated in a laboratory rather than a generalized analysis.
Term used to refer to the amount of area used by certain animals, e.g. livestock or hunting game; expressed in animal units or animal unit months.
The property of being sharp; in veterinary medicine, usually refers to the quality of an animal's vision.
Term used to imply that a situation or condition is more severe than usual; also used to refer to a disease having run a short course or come on suddenly.
The failure of the kidneys; loss of function of the kidneys. ARF usually comes on suddenly.
The potential that something, usually a medicine or substance, has to injure or cause illness in an animal when given as one dose or as multiple doses in the span of one day or less than one day.
As much as needed or wanted; short form of the word ad libitum
Term used to refer to a type of feeding in which there are no restrictions placed on the amount of food to be given at any time.
Often shortened to ad lib; term used to refer to the amount of feed ingested when made completely available without limitation or restriction.
The potential that an animal or organism has to change their bodies or lifestyles to suit their surroundings or environment.
Term used to refer to the activities or processes that an animal goes to make changes necessary for it to survive in its current environment, whether temporarily or otherwise.
Items or ingredients added to feed as part of the manufacturing process; may also be used for preservation. Additives also work to increase nutritional value of certain foods, increase the taste appeal, and make it more attractive. There are legalities surrounding the amounts and types of additives allowed in feed.
The result of the mixing of an egg's yolk with the egg white. May also be referred to as a rotten egg, and cannot be eaten.
To move inward or toward the midsection of the animal.
The result of a malignant growth of the tissue of the epithelial gland.
The rearmost pituitary gland; the only area of the pituitary gland that is functional.
A property in which one item has the ability to stick or adhere to another.
Fibers that bond items together that would not normally be combined.
A cell of fat
Refers to the quality of being fat or full of fat.
The weight of a young animal at the time of weaning; this weight is adjusted to the standard for 205 days old as well as the age of the dam itself.
The weight of a yearling after adjustments for the age of the dam and adjusted to a standard 365 days old. b) changes in the numbers of animals, the seasons, classes or types of animals.
The structures of any given organ.
The outermost part of the adrenal gland
The gland that produces the hormone adrenaline and others; helps to regulate the metabolism, electrolytes, and even sexual function; also helps to regulate the way the body responds to injury, trauma, etc. The adrenal gland is found near the kidney. Also referred to as the suprarenal gland.
The innermost part of the adrenal gland.
The process of surgically extracting one or both of the adrenal glands.
A hormone produced by the adrenal glands, also often referred to as epinephrine. Adrenaline is used in the body's response to traumatic situations or emergencies.
Term used to refer to a type of disease that affects any portion of the adrenal glands.
Sounds of the respiratory system; e.g. bronchi, rales
Term used to refer to certain types of bacteria or organisms that only have the ability to survive in an environment of free oxygen.
Term used to refer to bacteria with the ability to produce certain types of gas.
The act of swallowing air.
A state, usually of illness, in which the subject is free of fever.
Carrying toward; usually refers to nerves in the nervous system that carry certain impulses.
A substance created by a certain fungus, Aspergillus flavus, a carcinogen; known to contaminate corn, some nuts, and certain types of grain.
Found attached to the fetus while en utero; expelled upon birth of the fetus. Term used to refer to the placenta.
A condition in which an animal fails to nurse after birth of the offspring due to lack of secretion of milk; condition often found in female horses.
A female horse that is not properly lactating to feed her foal.
Term used to describe the grouping of animals by age.
Term used to describe a horse over the age of eight years old; often used to refer to a horse over the age of 12 years old.
The grouping together of certain cells, molecules, or particles into one area or clump.
a) antibodies that are created as an animal's natural response to an infection or the presence of strange micro organisms; these antibodies cause the organisms to clump together. b) any substance or antibody that causes certain organisms to clump together; usually causes the clumping of the organism that caused it to be produced in the first place.
The breathing that occurs when an animal is near death or suffering from severe pain.
Any substance that causes a certain effect by attaching itself to the right receptor.
In veterinary terms, an animal whose behavior indicates offensive/defensive activities.
The term for a fear of wide open spaces; in veterinary terms, refers to animals who are kept stabled or in stalls for an extended period of time
Term used mostly in the southwestern United States; refers to a pasture that is used only during the summer months.
A type of coat pattern in which the fur is darker toward the root and becomes gradually lighter near the tip.
Any cell that does not have the normal granular structures in the cytoplasm.
Anything pertaining to or relating to the agriculture industry.
A broad term used to indicate the industry involved with producing animals and plants for use by humans.
Used in the equine industry; indicates the methods by with a rider communicates with his horse.
An avian term; refers to pockets in the respiratory system of birds that hold air and allow them the ability to fly and the buoyancy necessary to do so.
Term that indicates something being white in color.
An animal who lacks normal coloring; lack of melanin. Albino animals usually have a pure white coat and pink or red eyes.
A type of protein that can be dissolved in water; found in milk, egg white, certain muscle, blood, and some urine.
A condition in which albumin is found in urine.
A term indicating that something is white in color. See albidus.
The term used to refer to a family of organic chemical compounds that consist of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in any form.
A test performed in which milk and ethyl alcohol are combined to detect milk with abnormal properties. While normal milk should not cling to the tube, abnormal milk tends to cling to the glass.
A test performed in which alcohol and alizarin are combined with milk. If the solution turns reddish, that indicates the presence of normal milk. If the solution turns yellowish or brown in color, that is the indication of sour or rotten milk. A solution that turns purple or violent in color indicates the presence of mastitis milk.
A condition in which leukocytes (white blood cells) are not found in the blood of an animal.
A crop; often eaten by horses as a vital source of fiber and protein. Alfalfa has compound leaves made up of three small leaves.
Term refers to the system in the body that deals with the processing of food and nutrients in between the mouth and the anus; may also be referred to as the GI tract, the intestinal tract, or the gastrointestinal tract.
A property of having a high pH or a low amount of hydrogen ions.
The layer of the placenta closest to the inside.
Any substance with the potential to produce an allergic reaction in an animal prone to such a reaction.
A condition in which the body reacts to a particular item or product; may also be referred to as hypersensitivity.
The process of cross-fertilization
Term used to refer to a polyploidy that contains chromosomes that are different from one another, as in from more than two species.
Term used to refer to a type of chromosome that is different in one reason or another, either by a discrepancy in behavior, shape, or size.
In the agricultural industry, term used to refer to an area that is designated for use by a certain number of cows or sheep or for use by both types of animals.
A condition of hair loss resulting in either complete baldness or patches of baldness.
a) a type of llama found in Peru and adjacent South American countries b) the product of the alpaca; a type of wool that can be used to create goods.
To change by neutering or spaying. May also be referred to as cutting, gelding, or emasculating.
A theory of reproduction in which certain characteristics are only found in every other generation.
The process of rotating pastures in a manner which allows the forage to grow back before it is grazed once more. May also be referred to as rotational grazing.
An organism in which a parasite or organism inhabits for only a certain part of its life cycle.
A term used to refer to an animal without the ability to chew.
Refers to a living thing that can use both hands equally well, as in not solely considered to be right-handed or left-handed.
Around or surrounding.
A type of gait that is slower or broken up in cadence; usually lateral.
Term used to refer to a type of horse who paces; usually refers to sporting horses.
Term used to refer to a substance, organism, or disease that has the potential to cause abortion in animals.
A condition in which loss of sight occurs without being attributed to any particular disease or medical condition.
Organic substances that aid in the creation of proteins; also the end product of the decomposition of certain proteins.
A condition of the body that occurs when an excess amount of amino acids is taken in.
A chemical compound made of nitrogen and hydrogen; NH3. Often added to feed to make it more nutritious for livestock; usually lacks color but has a strong odor.
A condition in which loss of memory occurs.
The process of obtaining abdominal fluid by puncturing the abdomen with a needle and going through the walls of the uterus to obtain it.
The membrane in the uterus that is closest to the fetus; also referred to as the amniotic sac.
Term refers to the area in the uterus that surrounds the embryo.
The fluid that nourishes the fetus; found in the amniotic sac.
An organism with no shape or form; moves with the help of a false foot.
A term that refers to the hind toe in certain species of birds; the amotus is not one of the digits that touches the ground when the bird is standing.
A term used to refer to an animal, usually a reptile, that starts out breathing with the help of gills and develops into an animal capable of breathing through lungs like a mammal.
A term used to refer to an animal that exists in both the Old World and the New World.
The property of having the ability to react as an acid, base, or casein.
A term used to describe a measurement unit for packaging.
The process of removing all or part of a body part; usually refers to a limb (arm or leg) and is done for medical reasons.
Term used to refer to a certain enzyme that the pancreas creates to help in the digestion of certain starches.
An enzyme created by the pancreas to break sugars down into starch.
The act of reviving a living thing after it has died or appeared to have died.
Building up or building together; the building of cells in the body. The term opposite to catabolism.
A condition referring to excessive thirst.
Term used to refer to an organism that can live without the aid of free oxygen; usually refers to certain types of bacteria.
a) living in an environment lacking free oxygen b) pertaining to an organism with the ability to live in an environment lacking free oxygen.
Bacteria that does not require the presence of free oxygen to live, survive, and reproduce; may even be hindered by the presence of free oxygen in their environment.
Term used to refer to something involving the last portion of the digestive process and the last abdominal segment, the anus.
Tissue located inside the anal sac that aids in the marking of territory in animals, for defense, or for sexual behavior.
A condition inw which the pouches inside the anus become inflamed.
Without the presence of pain.
Any medication that is designed to aid in relieving pain without being a sedative.
In veterinary medicine, term used to refer to structures that are anatomically different but perform functions that are somewhat the same in nature.
Term used to refer to an animal's response to a certain substance, usually foreign; may include swelling, airway blockage, etc; may also be referred to as anaphylactic shock.
Any change in the way that cells are arranged and structured in relation to one another.
A surgical procedure in which two hollow tubes or structures are surgically connected.
Term used to refer to an animal in its regular standing position.
The study of the structure of the body.
Any individual from which a person or animal is descended.
Used in agriculture; a term used to refer to the estimate of the female offspring of any given bill based on the bull's sire and grandsire on its maternal side.
The theory of the development of any offspring that lacks maternal chromosomes.
Term used to refer to a cow that has undergone testosterone therapy; usually adorned with a bell-shaped marker.
A term used to refer to an ultrasonic wave that is transmitted into tissue without it being reflected back.
A condition of the blood in which normal red blood cell counts or hemoglobin are lacking.
The absence of feeling; a medication administered to relieve the sensation of feeling in surgery or other medical procedures.
Any substance known to eliminate feeling; usually applied during a painful medical procedure.
The period in which an animal is not inclined to mate or breed; any time in which a female animal does not cycle.
The enlargement of an artery; usually shaped like a bubble or balloon.
A study of the vessels and heart by way of radiograph; uses dyes and other contrasting materials.
The study of blood vessels after dye has been injected into them to create a visual contrast.
A disease of the blood vessels.
The process of surgically fixing or repairing damaged blood vessels.
The suturing of a blood vessel.
Term used to refer to longer fur, usually found on cats or rabbits.
Term used to refer to a state in an animal in which it cannot sweat.
The entire group of animals in the world; consists of twelve branches of animals.
The term used to refer to the idea that animals are entitled to similar rights as human beings and should not be eaten or abused. Also known as animal welfa
The use of animals as therapy for human beings; may be used to relieve loneliness or provide comfort and soothing.
Any combination of qualities or characteristics in an animal that makes it appropriate for a certain kind of use.
Similar to animal rights; the idea that animals should be treated with care and kindness.
A medical condition in which the pupils of both eyes are differently sized.
A condition in which cells are unequal.
A condition in which a joint is unable to move, usually due to some type of illness or medical procedure.
The distance between the anus and the reproductive organs
Anything deviating from what is usually regarded to be normal.
Lacking the development of one or two eyes.
A surgical procedure in which the anus is repaired.
Term used to refer to the opening of the large intestine.
In veterinary terms, used to refer to the loss of appetite or lack of eating.
Refers to the lack of oxygen.
Term used to refer to what happens when chemical is exposed to another chemical.
Term used to refer to any substance that is used to stop something from happening by binding to a particular receptor that is responsible for that
The area of the front legs that is found between the elbow and the carpal joints.
Term used to refer to the time before a fever sets in.
Term used to refer to the time before a fever sets in.
In veterinary terms, used to refer to the front of the body.
Veterinary term used to indicate the space behind the cornea of the eye and in front of the iris; contains liquid.
Term used to refer to the front of the pituitary gland; can be found at the bottom of the brain and is responsible for the secretion of certain hormones that deal with growth and other bodily functions.
Refers to the normal position of an animal during birth, with the feet and head set to come out first.
Usually used in veterinary medicine to refer to certain drugs that are designed to combat intestinal worms in animals.
Used to refer to any drug that alters irregularities in an animal's heartbeat.
Used to refer to any drug or medical substance that has the ability to slow down or stop the growth of bacteria and other such organisms.
A relationship between two organisms in which one of the organisms causes harm to or kills the other.
Term used to refer to any substance that is used to slow down the growth of bacteria or stop it altogether.
A protein in the body that is designed to fight disease; antibodies are brought on by the presence of certain antigens in the system.
Refers to any substance that slows down or stops the activities of any substance known to be a carcinogen (known to cause cancer).
Term used to refer to any drug that is used to slow down or stop the clotting of blood for medical purposes.
Term used to refer to any substance or drug that stops seizures.
Term used to refer to any drug or substance that is known to prevent bowel movements or stop diarrhea.
A condition in which urine is produced and eliminated on a slower basis.
Any substance used to combat the effects of certain poisons.
Term used to refer to any drug or substance that is used to control vomiting.
Any substance or item that the body of an animal would regard as strange or unwanted; a foreign disease or virus in the body (toxin, etc.)
Term used to refer to any drug that lowers an animal's blood pressure.
Term used to refer to any substance that slows down or prevents the activity of a mutagen.
Term used to refer to a drug that is used to treat a neoplasm.
Term used to describe certain feeds; refers to c or anything else that contains compounds that prevent the process of oxidization.
Any drug that is used to control itching and resultant inflammation.
Term used to describe a drug that is used to reduce a feverish temperature.
Preventing certain infections by destroying or excluding certain organisms that may be known to contribute to them.
Any drug that kills organisms in an animal's tissue or prevents the growth of more.
Any serum that is known to contain the antibodies that contain the antigen necessary to combat a certain disease; usually contains antibodies extracted from an animal that has been infected with the disease and built up an immunity
Any drug that is known to prevent spasms of any muscles in the body.
A type of antiserum that contains antibodies against certain poisons.
A medication designed to reduce or eliminate a cough.
Any person who is against or works against surgery on live animals for the purpose of education or veterinary research.
An object protruding from the skull on certain animals; deciduous and ossified in nature. May be found on deer, elk, etc.
The empty space inside any hollow organ or bodily structure.
The lack of production of urine in an animal's body.
The end of the gastrointestinal tract; the opening at the end of the tract.
The name of the main artery that starts in the left ventricle of an animal's four chamber heart.
The fold of membranes between the left ventricle and the aorta.
Lack of caring; indifference.
Any type of opening
The very tip or peak of something
The absence of a lens, as in an eye.
A small sac inside the udder, between the toes, or inside the mouth of certain animals; may have to do with a foot-and-mouth disease or affliction.
The third layer of the meninges
When a certain organ or vital tissue fails to properly or fully develop.
Failure to breathe properly, as in while sleeping; lack of breathing.
Something that is attached to something else, usually something larger; e.g. a leg or an arm.
The bones that make up the extremities on the body, including the shoulders, etc.
Placing something side-by-side with something else.
In veterinary terms, the term used to refer to the procedure by which a certain part will be dissected and/or exposed.
Term used to refer to an area on a bird that lacks feathers.
Term used to refer to the liquid that gives nourishment to the structures inside the rear segment of an animal's eye.
A group of bugs known for having four pairs of legs and either one or two bodily segments; spiders are the most famous of all arachnids.
Term used to refer to something being constructed of tiny hairs; a cobweb is arachnoid in nature.
A bend or curve
A biological term that refers to plants or animals from which certain qualities have been inherited.
The place where something happens; the area in which certain actions take place.
A term usually used in the context of care for rabbits; a little structure with a ridged roof that may be used to house rabbits.
The muscle that is attached to the hair follicle that causes the hair to stand up straight; the plural form of this word is arrector pili.
The removal of part of an artery by surgical procedure.
The smaller veins or arteries that extend out from larger arteries.
A surgical procedure in which damage to an artery is rectified or an artery is repaired.
A medical condition in which arteries become thicker and harder in texture.
A medical procedure in which an artery is cut or sliced open.
A large blood vessel that transports blood out of the heart.
Term used to refer to a medical condition that causes pain in the joints.
A medical condition in which the joints become inflamed and causes a great deal of pain.
A medical procedure in which the joints are punctured in order to remove fluid.
A surgical procedure in which vertebrae in the spine or a joint is surgically fused.
A term used to refer to pain in the joints
A recording of the examination of a joint after dye has been injected to detect contrasts for some medical purpose.
The process of performing an examination on a joint after dye has been injected into the joint.
The study of joints, joint pain, and anything related to the joints.
A disease affecting a joint in the body.
An animal belonging to the phylum Arthropoda; characterized by an external skeleton and jointed legs. May include certain insects and crustaceans.
A medical instrument used to look at the inside of a joint.
The endoscopic method of examining the inside of a joint.
A medical condition by stiffening or hardening of the joints.
A hormone that is created to be used in place of hormones that an animal's body would have produced naturally otherwise.
A method of breeding in which semen is collected and stored to be inserted into the vagina without actual breeding activity; often shortened to AI in the veterinary world.
Term used to refer to immunity that comes about because a vaccine was administered.
A zoological term used to refer to a certain order of mammals; includes animals with hooves and an even number of toes.
The collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
Vitamin C; C6F1806; known to prevent scurvy and is found in fruits and vegetables.
A medical state in which infection is not present
Term used to refer to cautions used in order to prevent a wound from becoming infected or contaminated.
Term used to indicate raspy or rough.
A medical condition resulting in a lack of oxygen, usually resulting in death.
A lack of breathing due to a purposeful cut off of air; may also be referred to as suffocation.
a) inhaling b) getting out fluid or gas by the act of sucking.
A type of test that is used to count the number of organisms in a particular sample.
To make a decision about or evaluate.
A test or evaluation.
The absorption of something
Lack of strength in the body; weakness; inability to perform excessive amounts of work.
An allergic disorder that results in difficulty breathing.
Without a mouth
Any drug that is known to cause tissues to contract, such as tannic acid, zinc oxide, or zinc sulfate.
A type of shell that is shaped like a star
A tumor of the head that is made up of astrocyte (star-shaped) cells.
Out of proportion or unbalanced; may also be referred to as unsymmetrical.
Term used to refer to a condition of having a disease or affliction but not displaying symptoms of it.
A term that indicates a lack of contraction; used to refer to a lack of activity in the heart.
The re-emergence of a disease or a certain characteristic after it has skipped one or more generations.
A medical condition in which an animal is unable to control the movements of their muscles; may result in collapse or stumbling.
A medical condition in which the alveoli fail to fully expand or collapse due to a lack of air.
A medical condition in which the arteries become small and hard as the result of excessive fatty deposits.
The number one cervical vertebrae.
The process in which a liquid is turned into a very fine spray.
Lacking control of the muscles.
A form of hypersensitivity or allergy in certain animals.
Term used to refer to something that results from a method of treatment that caused no trauma or damage.
The absence of a body opening that would normally be there; the absence of a certain organ that is tubular in structure.
The atrium and the ventricle.
A mass of tissue that can be found inside the right atrium; transmits electrical impulses to certain areas of the heart.
The fold of membranes found among the front and rear chambers of the heart; may be described as the left and right atrioventricular valve
The superior chamber in an animal's heart.
The wasting away of certain tissues; a medical condition that occurs when tissues fail to grow.
A wound that can be found on the leg of a horse; an attaint can be attributed to damage caused by a horse's own hooves.
To wear down or reduce; to dilute or make thinner.
The term used to refer to the decrease in intensity of an ultrasound beam as it travels through bodily tissue.
Deviating from the normal; not typical.
A term used to describe a strange gait in a horse; it is slower than normal but may resemble a gallop.
Anything pertaining to what can be heard; hearing.
Term used to refer to a group of three small bones in the heart that transmit certain vibrations and allow for hearing.
Referring to the ear.
A pooling or mass filled with blood that can be found in the outer ear.
The use of a stethoscope (usually) in listening to the sounds of an animal's body.
A device used to sterilize instruments with the use of pressurized steam.
A vaccine that is made from the bacteria of the patient it is being used to treat.
Any disease in which an animal's body creates antibodies that are used against itself.
A medical condition in which an animal becomes allergic to its own tissues; may result in a severe illness.
The process in which meat ‘rots' after slaughtering or fruits or vegetables become soft; also referred to as self-digestion.
The part of the nervous system that contains the nerves that control involuntary movement.
A chromosome not involved in determining sex
A term used to indicate an organism that creates their own source of food.
Term used to refer to the period of autumn in which certain animals cease reproduction.
Term used to refer to energy that can be metabolized.
The process of calculating an animal's weight after weaning by dividing the number of pounds gained by the number of days they have been on actual feed.
Term used to indicate something that involves birds.
A place where birds are kept.
Any substance that is used to kill birds.
The study of caring for birds; the act of raising birds.
A term used to indicate that something lacks the ability to create a disease.
A disease that occurs as the result of a deficiency of a certain type of vitamin.
A condition in which certain organisms can purposely prolong the amount of time they are dormant as the result of some type of environmental stress.
The tearing or breaking away of a part.
A term used to indicate that something is free of germs.
The feather in the middle of a bird's wing that is used to separate the primary feathers and the secondary feathers.
Certain bones of an animal’s skeleton including: skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum.
The area under the arm; the arm pit.
The second cervical vertebrae.
The part of the neuron that is extended out from the cell and works to conduct electrical impulses.
Term used to indicate something related to the axon.
The condition of having no sperm present in the semen.
The condition of having urea and other nitrogenous elements in an animal's blood.
The condition of having excessive amounts of urea or other nitrogenous compounds in the urine.
A test developed by S.M. Babcock in the late 1800s; tests the fat in milk by spinning it in a specialized manner with sulfuric acid.
A term used to describe a type of bacteria that is shaped like a rod.
The breeding of females to a male of the same breed as the female’s parents.
A disease that occurs when bacteria present in the blood.
Any substance known to kill bacteria.
The dissolution of bacteria on the animal’s body, whether inside or outside the body.
An agent that is known to destroy bacteria; it is only active in the presence of bacteria that is susceptible to damage that it can cause.
Any compound that is known to slow down or kill the growth of particular types of bacteria.
The singular form of the word bacteria; a tiny, microscopic organism only made up of one cell.
A medical condition that indicates the presence of bacteria in an animal’s urine.
A term used to refer to a dental condition in animals in which the bottom teeth and the top teeth do not come together.
The amount of feed given to livestock or animals; designed to promote healthy development in animals.
A white marking on the face of an animal that covers both of the eyes and both of the nostrils.
A term used to refer to an animal that lacks hair or feathers on top or lacks horns.
A term used to indicate what happens when an animal stops movement suddenly.
A type of joint that allows for free movement in all directions. May also be referred to as enarthrosis.
A piece of equipment used in giving pills to livestock or applying magnets.
A technique used to diagnose pregnancy or determine the contents of an animal’s abdomen; involves tapping the wall of the abdomen to bounce a structure against the other wall.
a) In equine terms, a method of styling a mane into sections with rubber bands b) Marking an animal (e.g. a bird) by fastening a band to a part of their body. c) A method used to castrate animals in which a rubber band is placed on the scrotum, causing the testicles to atrophy.
Also called bar shoe; a type of horse shoe that helps to keep a horse from slipping.
A disorder in which animals bite the fur of subordinate animals as a method of establishing dominance.
a) The method of riding a horse with no saddle. b) In poultry terms, used to denote a chicken that does not have feathers across its back
Commonly referred to simply as barium, may be used as a material for contrast injections.
A book of records that includes livestock data, including special dates, weights, and other data.
A slang term often used to describe dairy products that have a flavor inconsistent with what is normally preferred.
The land that is connected to the barn; may be fenced in to enclose animals.
Used to describe a feather pattern in chickens; alternating stripes of dark and light feathers.
Refers to an animal not being able to reproduce
Term used to refer to a female horse that is intact but has yet to become pregnant after multiple breeding seasons.
Term used to indict certain animals that are kept under highly sterilized conditions in a unit of barriers.
a) Term used to indicate a male pig that was neutered shortly after birth. b) A term used to describe the action of only partly shearing a sheep.
Any feed that is given to a horse mainly for the energy it can give and not usually for other nutritional benefits.
The minimum amount of energy require to perform vital bodily functions and cellular activity while at complete rest otherwise.
Term used to indicate a horse that is standing with their feet close together.
Term used to indicate a horse that is standing with their feet far apart from one another, in a wide stance.
A row of cages used to raise chickens with no hen present, usually for market purposes like meat and eggs.
Term used to describe a horse whose coat is colored brown with specks or spots of gray in it.
The rein that presses up on the horse’s neck to get them to turn in a particular way.
To reproduce or procreate; to father.
A term use to indicate a castrate male sheep that is used as a flock leader; they usually wear a bell around their neck.
Not being able to cause harm; the opposite of malignant.
Any muscle that has two heads.
The quality of having two colors
The quality of having two horns.
The quality of having two teeth.
The division of something one time.
Having two sides
The quality of being the same on both of two sides.
The fluid created by the liver that helps food in the stomach to be digested.
A certain pigment that is produced when hemoglobin is destroyed.
A slang term use to describe a young male goat; the correct term for this is buck.
The term used to describe the two Latin names given to all plants and animals.
The idea that substances collect in an animal’s system and although they may remain immune to their effects there are other species that can be negatively affected by its presence in their environment.
Anything that can cause harm to life.
Anybody who studies life and living things.
Certain living things that sustain themselves through other life, like a pathogen or parasite.
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.
The branch of technology that deals with applying biology and engineering to the study of plants and animals.
The most that an animal will ever be able to reproduce when given all opportunity.
Having two completely different ends
The weight of a newborn animal after it has been in the world for a full 24 hours.
Term named after a horse dealer known for reshaping a horse’s teeth in order to make it look younger and bring a higher profit.
A female dog that has not been spayed.
Teaching a horse to obey the bit before they are ready to be used for riding.
A horse with a black and white coat.
A professional who creates items out of iron and certain metals.
The process of removing a portion or the entire eyelid through surgical methods.
A condition in which an animal’s eyelid becomes inflamed.
The repair of an eyelid through surgery.
A condition in which the upper eyelid is droopy
The suturing of the eyelids together.
A condition of an animal involving involuntary spasms of the eyelid.
A cut or incision in an animal’s eyelid
A part of an udder that does not properly lactate or has some type of blockage in the teat.
A teat that fails to properly produce milk; may not be connected to the gland properly.
Small pieces of leather that are hooked to a bridal that can prevent a horse from seeing anything that is not in front of them.
The inability to see anything
The term used for a female sheep that is in heat.
The process of putting something irritation onto a blemish in order to get it to go away.
A horse with a deeper slop to his hoof than would normally be noticeable.
Any horse that has been purely bred.
The amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries.
The term referring to the various lines of breeding within the family.
Milk that is secreted from an animal with damaged gland tissues or broken blood vessels.
A term used to denote a shiny coat on a horse
The process of walking to loosen up or warm up muscles to prevent injury; to warm up.
Term used to refer to a horse with a black coat with white specks; the white specks give the appearance of a blue coat.
A horse that has gray hairs and a gray coat.
A type of mastitis that is gangrenous in nature ; it causes a bluish tint to the udder.
The term used for an animal with a short tail or whose tail has been docked.
A condition in which a horse’s joints become distended due to extra fluid on the inside of the hock.
The skeleton that frames the body of an animal or person.
The product that is crated when bones are ground and dried.
A piece of metal that is used to repair bones when they have become fractured.
The screws that are used to press fragments together with bone plates in order to fix a fracture.
A bump in a horse’s hock that can cause lameness.
The process of making the leg appear thicker by causing the hair to stand out on the thigh; used to make beef appear more appealing for meat.
The movement of gas in the gut that causes noise.
The term used to indicate a type of humped cattle found in some countries.
The scientific term used to denote a type of cattle that is found in certain areas.
A type of tool used to insert into a bodily crevice for medical reasons, such as dilation or to administer a type of medication.
A term used to describe anything related to cattle.
A hormone that helps to stimulate lactation in cows; it is produced naturally.
The name for the part of the kidney that has the glamorous.
A type of stall in which a horse can move about with ease.
Any joint on an instrument with rings that can move about freely.
a) An instrument designed to provide some type of support. b) Two of something; a pair
A type of bandage worn by horses that is designed to provide support
Referring to the arm
A group of nerves found in an animal’s front limbs.
The last part of the front legs between the shoulder and the elbow.
An animal with a wide head, short in stature.
A tooth that is permanently rooted
A system used to spin wool in the United States.
A particularly slow beating heart.
A particularly slow breathing rate.
The part of the brain that contains the medulla oblongata and other vital portions of the brain.
A method of slaughtering fowl in which a knife is pushed through the roof of the mouth to pierce the medulla oblongata and cause death.
A stem that comes out from a larger stem.
A record of brands that are used to identify types of cattle.
Muscle, usually in the arm or leg
The term used to describe the way that a donkey or mule cries; the term used to describe the noise that they make.
A strap that goes across the chest of a horse; may also be referred to as a breast band.
An animal’s sternum
A term used to describe any animal that can pass through a fence
A pregnant cow; a young cow who has yet to give birth but is with calf.
a) A direction for a calf to be facing that may cause birth problems b) The rear end of an animal, between the bottom of the tail and the top of the hocks. c) A type of wool that comes from a sheep’s back legs.
The portion of the harness that goes around a horse’s bottom.
A type of organization whose goal is to hold dear the pure blood lines of a particular breed, usually of livestock or poultry. This group is the one to set and maintain the requirements to be associated.
The details of the appearance of an animal, as in horn shape, ear shape, etc.
A male turkey whose only goal is to breed.
Also referred to as the breeding rack or breeding crate; a confinement build to assist a female animal in the act of mating.
Certain animals whose sole purpose in life is to aid in breeding.
The name for a portion of any flock that is kept around just for the purpose of building the herd through mating and birthing.
A type of weight that is applied to a mare’s foot to prevent her from kicking the stallion who is trying to mate with her.
a) A group of large pens that are used to breed certain types of poultry. b) Any building that is used solely for the purpose of breeding.
The time of year when certain animals are inclined to mate and have young.
Some type of imperfection that prevents an animal from being fit to breed.
The maximum potential that an animal has as far as its potential profit in terms of meat, eggs, milk, or other goods useful to people; may also refer to their ability to mate and birth and nurse young.
Cows that are exceptionally fit for breeding; I.e. very feminine cows and masculine bulls.
a) A part of a horse harness that holds the bit and reins together. b) A rope with hooks at both ends.
A term used to refer to a horse that is well trained with using the bridle.
A horse that is known for a glossy coat, usually lighter in color.
A type of animal who has a type of tawny or brown coat, usually streaked or spotted.
To give birth to or bring up
A group of tissues and fat that cover a certain part of the chest and between the front legs of an animal.
Something with stiff hairs or hair like pieces on a plant or animal.
a) A type of antibiotic that kills both gram positive and gram negative bacteria.b) A type of pesticide that is known to kill a whole variety of insects but also tends to affect other wildlife as well.
The term used to refer to a particularly young chicken usually between 8 and 12 weeks of age.
A condition of a horse hanging his head; a heavier neck that may bend down or fall to one side.
A gap in the cartilage in the ear of a rabbit; called lop ear to some. A broken ear likely prevents the rabbit from holding its ear properly.
A respiratory disease that affects older horses; lungs cells are dilated and it is an inheritable condition.
A horse who has not been broken; a wild horse.
Anything that is used to expand the bronchial tubes.
A condition of the lungs and bronchi in which they become inflamed and congested.
A tool used to look into the trachea and bronchi.
A contraction of the bronchi, usually involuntary.
The act of examining the trachea and bronchi with a bronchoscope.
A hen whose sole purpose is to sit atop eggs and let them incubate to raise the young.
An enclose that is designed for young to be raised with no mother.
A term used to refer to a hen that is content with always sitting on eggs and nothing else; may also be used to refer to other animals that are anxious to mate and reproduce and raise young.
The act of raising chicks in a safe environment.
A term used to describe an animal that gives good signs of being fit for breeding.
A structure used to house a hen who is brooding in order to make her more inclined to produce eggs.
The section of the bridle that is designed to fasten around the horse’s forehead area.
Used to describe a horse’s coat; a gray horse with tiny brown spots scattered across it.
The tendency for an animal to grit its teeth
The part of the tooth that faces the inside of the cheek.
a) A male rabbit b) A male goat c)The term used for wool taken from a ram d)An action performed by a horse; with the head held down the back legs are kicked up as a sort of low leap.
Any group of rams
Term used to refer to an animal whose normal stance is knees bent out.
Term used to describe a horse with an eye disorder in which the cornea appears to stick out further beyond the eyelids than normal. These horses normally have vision problems.
A stall that is used for ease in saddling broncos.
Term used to refer to a male goat between one and two years old.
a) A horse with a gray brown coat b)The skin taken from a male deer c)Any horse with a brown coat and black mane and tail
The term usually reserved for the large vat that feed is stored in. It is stored through a funnel from a truck or mill and is fed into troughs through another type of auger.
A wooden pen that is used to hold bulls.
The action of showing signs that they are ready to mate.
A bull that has been neutered.
A tall structure used to store silage.
Term used to refer to those animals with teeth that are more round than sharp
A condition characterized by an abnormally large eye.
A term for a donkey or ass
Term used to describe wool that has a great deal of seeds, burrs, or other debris in it.
A pouch of fluid that eases the pain of movement in certain areas.
The condition that results when bursa become inflamed.
A person who trains horses.
A random group of rabbits who are bought for the purpose of slaughter.
The term used to describe a female cow that is in heat for a long time but has yet to become pregnant.
The fat that can be found in milk
A horse with a red to blue colored coat.
Any protein that is treated so as to not be changed in the ruminant stomach of animal.
Any product that is derived from but less in value than another product from the same source.
A physiological 24-hour cycle
When the lacrimal sac becomes inflamed and tears, causing draining.
A condition in which the lacrimal gland becomes inflamed.
The process of removing the lacrimal sac by surgery
The process of cutting into the lacrimal sac.
A group that tests cows for milk and fat and keeps records of feeding.
Any cow that is used for the production of milk products, not meat or reproduction.
Any horse that barely touches the ground while trotting; prone to stumbling.
Any female animal that has given birth.
A circular pattern of fur with an off color.
A collection of information that has been collected as pertaining to an experiment.
The female offspring of any living thing.
A cell that is formed when another cell divides
A calf marked for veal meat before it is a week old.
Term used to describe a horse who does not respond to directing by rein and bit as far as the mouth is concerned.
The weight of meat after the animal has been slaughtered.
The folds of skin below the ear in a fowl bird.
Loss of hearing in whole or in part.
The number of animals lost as the result of death by accident, disease, or otherwise.
A procedure in which vocal cords are trimmed to make a dog’s bark less harsh.
A tool used to cut the beak off of a chicken or turkey for the safety of other birds.
The process of removing part of the beak to prevent damage to other chickens, cannibalism, and other undesirable behavior.
Losing of strength; becoming weaker.
Removing foreign tissue or matter; taking out damaged or contaminated tissue.
Removing calcium from an animal’s bones.
Decomposing of matter with the help of fungus and bacteria; matter is completely oxidized.
Temporary teeth that go away as maturity approaches
A bedsore; loss of tissue or skin due to pressure being applied for too long.
Below the surface of something, as in position
The exiting of excrement from the body; bowel movements.
a) Any blemish that impairs an animal’s value b) Any deviation from what is normally regarded as far as breed is concerned.
The process of keeping livestock out of a pasture until there is enough flora to sustain grazing.
Using electrical shock to bring the heart beat back into normal limits.
Less than what is normally required or needed of something
To remove the fleas off of an animal’s coat
Anything that looks different from what is considered to be normal and healthy for that species
The process of removing the oil from fiber
Term refers to how closely grazed a pasture is; ungrazed, lightly grazed, etc.
Any opening in a wound from surgery
To remove the horns or horn buds through heat, chemical, or other methods
Clippers used to remove the horns of certain animals; like large scissors
To take the moisture out of something
A medical condition in which the body has lost fluid or water in excessive amounts
The condition of not being able to give milk
Has the potential to cause harm to something
When the fetus leaves the body
The removal of lice from the skin with chemicals
A type of wool that is somewhat lustrous but does not merit a classification of lustrous wool
When myelin is lost or destroyed
Small roots on neurons that receive impulses and send them the right way
a) Mass per volume b) The number of animals in a given area
A mineral deposit on the teeth; commonly referred to as tartar
Cavities; decay of teeth
A dip in the incisor teeth of horses; dark in color
A guide to the number of teeth and kinds of teeth found in an animal’s mouth
Term used in cattle terms; refers to the hard ridge in a cattle’s mouth that replaces upper teeth
A soft deposit from food left on the teeth; easily removed
Small dentate teeth
The tissue that holds the tooth in place in the mouth
Refers to the pattern of teeth; the way teeth are arranged
Nucleic acid that carries genetic information
Stunted; limited in growth
Fat that has collected in the body
A type of appetite or craving not normal in an animal
Related to or of the skin
A condition in which the skin becomes inflamed
A professional who deals with studying the skin
The study of skin
A growth on the skin due to a type of fungus
A type of fungus that can be found on the skin
A condition of the skin
The skin; also referred to as the corium
Moving downward or toward the end
Growth that will only reach a certain point once a certain age has been reached
Removal of the yolk sack from chicks that were just born
The first digit on dogs and cats; has no function
The pendulum of skin hanging from an animal’s throat
To get rid of parasitic worms in an animal
A procedure used to get waste out of the blood when the kidneys are unable to function
The muscle in the abdomen that aids in breathing
Fecal material that is wary in consistency
The dilation of the ventricles of the heart
A donkey or bird; slang word
Animals that possess both male and female traits
The time between estrous cycles
Material from plants that resists the action of enzymes in the digestive system
The process of developing different organisms over evolution
Movement of material from an area highly concentrated to an area where there is a lower concentration
How easily a substance can be turned into an appropriate digestible form
The amount of energy that can be obtained from the digestible portion of any amount of food
The amount of a certain nutrient that can be digested into the body
The amount of protein that can be absorbed into an animal’s system
The whole system involved in digestion from mouth to anus
The act of walking on the toes
To make something wider
The widening of something
Any material that is designed to dilute another ingredient
To make something weaker or more liquid by mixing it with something else
Term used to refer to the colors of feather in chickens; indicates a softer color, like tan
Feed with a great deal of fiber
A fluid that is used to make more semen and increase its volume
A measurement unit; refers to the refractivity in a lens
A tub filled with a chemical; animals are dipped into it to be disinfected or rid of parasites
To remove the horns of young animals by heat or chemicals
Removing a disc in the spine by cutting it and scraping out the contents
Any substance that oozed from a wound or an opening in the body
An animal that is picky when it comes to breeding partners
A process that helps to control the effect of organisms that are known to cause disease or contribute to diseased conditions
Refers to animals or plants that can hold up against certain diseases
To take the organisms that may cause disease out of an object
Anything that is designed to kill those organisms that are known to cause disease
To get down; to get off of
A medical condition; has to do with confusion
An animal’s attitude or temperament
In terms of animal husbandry, term refers to some defect that prevents an animal from registering with the breed or participating in a show
To cut something out in order to examine it
The furthest distance from the middle or the top of a body
The tubes that can be found between the Hene and the tubules around it
Spots or circles that are found on the coronet band
The process of making something larger by dilating or stretching it
Two sets of eyelashes; often results in an injury to the lining of the eye
A condition in which there are two rows of lashes in place of one
A type of device that spreads milk out in order to let it cool
The increase in the amount of urine produced
Anything that causes excessive urination
An inflammation of the diverticulum
The sac in the wall of a tube shaped organ
Term for twins that develop from two separately fertilized ovaries
The term used to denote a gentle horse; a term of affection
Indicates that an animal has a gentle nature
To cut an animal’s tail short; also used to indicate the space where the tail was
The removal of the tail or part of the tail; can also refer to a decrease in value
A cow that has been polled
A female goat, rabbit, or deer that has not been spayed
A term used for a calf with no mother; slang term
A slow trot; gentle
A long head, usually very narrow like a greyhound
To take a wild animal and put it under human control over an extended period of time; happens over generations
An animal’s tendency to overpower another, in character or in activity
The opposite of a recessive gene
The act of creating or producing sound in something
An animal; also called an ass
Refers to something being toward the back, as in a dorsal fin
A line that divides the body in half, front to back (imaginary line)
The act of an animal lying on its back
A beam of ray that goes from the back to the stomach
The amount of medication to be administered
The length of time that should pass before a drug is administered again
The amount of medicine to be given, measured in grams or units
A syringe that is used to forcefully give medicine to animals
To cross two hybrids of living thing
The process of mating livestock twice during estrous to ensure that they become pregnant; also called double cover
Two reins attached to two bits
A saddle with two cinches
Term used to indicate an animal that is unable to stand due to illness
Covered with weak, soft hairs or feathers
An animal used to plow or pull loads; a working animal
An enclosure with a sloped bottom in which animals are placed after they are dipped; fluids drip off of the animals and into the vat of chemicals
An adult male duck
The removal of blood from the body for diagnostic purposes
The process of removing feathers, skin, or fur and trimming a carcass
The weight of a dressed animal versus its weight while live
A type of horseback riding in which the rider guides the animal rather than using hands and feet to do so
The weight of the carcass of an animal or a slaughtered bird
A type of comb used to beautify an animal’s coat for show; also referred to as a currycomb
The amount of weight lost in an animal before and after it is slaughtered
The number that is calculated when the carcass weight is divided by the weight of the live animal and multiplied by one hundred.
A device used for watering an animal; the opening has a floater in it that releases water when moved so the animal can drink at will.
Term used for cattle that are herded into the market versus those who get there by cattle transport or other methods
A herd of female goats or sheep that are separated for the purpose of having young
The feces of an animal
Swelling throughout an animal’s entire body
Anything left over from a drug in the body of an animal
A band of sheep where there are no lambs
A cow that no longer gives milk
An enclosure used to keep livestock to prepare for slaughter, including fattening
The amount of matter in a certain type of feed without the moisture
The period of time before giving birth that an animal stops lactating
The dressing of a bird without scalding; bird may have been bled already
What is left of animal tissue after it has been steamed until the water evaporated; a method of removing fat
The process of causing an animal to stop lactating when they are not producing much milk
Animals that are used for meat and milk
A range that has enough forage so that two or more kinds of livestock can use the area separately or together
A young duck with down feathers
Glands in the body that secrete directly into the blood or lymph, like the endocrine glands
A passage in the body with walls
The duct found at the end of the vas deferens
a) Term used for a horse who is not bright, due to injury or otherwise b) A dummy built in the shape of a female, may be covered in a hide and used to cause excitement in male animals
a) Refers to an animal that is not feeling up to par but not infected with anything serious b) A short, stumpy looking animal
An animal’s color; term refers to animals who are black in color or have a stripe over the shoulders of a dark color
The feces of an animal; excrement or manure
Locks of wool on a sheep that have been crusted over with dung
Refers to an animal’s tendency to drop waste in certain areas
The first part of the small intestine; can be found between the pylorus and the jejunum
The outermost part of the meninges
A type of fungicide or insecticide that is applied dry, as in regular dust
The manner in which chinchillas bathe; rolling in dust
An animal who has not grown to its full potential, due to disease, deficiency, or otherwise
A condition characterized by difficulty with normal defectation
A condition of the blood in which blood cells are abnormal
Shedding differently or abnormally
A condition characterized by intestinal trouble and inflammation
Not working like usual
Difficulty with normal digestion
Condition in which eating and/or swallowing is difficult
A condition in which growth and development are not up to normal standards
Having a hard time breathing; breathing takes great pains
A condition in which normal heart rhythms are not apparent; also referred to as arrhythmia
Difficulty giving birth
A condition in which a muscle or body part grows defectively
Having a hard time urinating; pain while urinating
The abbreviated term for a certain bacteria, called Escherichia coli
The small feathers that cover the ear of birds
A pellet that contains medication or growth regulator that is placed underneath an animal’s skin or in its ear
A type of punch used to identify animals by marking their ears
The act of cutting a pattern into an animal’s ear for identification purposes
A type of tag that is fastened to an animal’s ear for identification purposes
The placement of an ID tag on an animal’s ear
The term used to refer to an animal that has been held back by its ears
A horse with the ability to gain maximum speed with just a few strides
An animal that does not need much food or care to survive
A patch of bleeding beneath the skin; a bruise
Molting or shedding
A procedure that is used to evaluate the health and structures of the heart
The act of hatching out of an egg
An instrument that is used to sever a diseased part by tightening a chain around it and tightening it
The outermost of the three layers of an embryo; this eventually turns into the hair, skin, and nerves
An ovum that is fertilized outside of the uterus
The act of pulling heat from outside of the body, like lizards and snakes do
The turning out of the eyelid
A disease of the skin that is characterized by the development of small papules, itching, and sometimes alopecia; itching and crust formation may be involved.
The collection of fluid in the tissue
To carry something away
The eventual inability of an animal to give birth to young
The extent to which a drug is effective
The escape of fluid or blood into tissues or body spaces or cavities
Waste material that is excreted from the digestive system
The body of reproduction that is produced by the ovum
The female sex cell or germ cell
The structure found on the upper part of the embryo chick’s beak; this is used for breaking the shell at the time of hatching
The excretion of semen from the reproductive system of the male
A type of protein that is found in cartilage and other types of tissue
A type of castration in which rubber bands are used to cut off the spermatic cord and cause it to waste away.
The device that is used in bloodless castration; small bands
Another word for tail
A device that is powered by batteries and used to shock animals slightly in order to aid in driving them
A way of collecting semen by sending an electric current into a male animal’s rectum
A way of collecting semen for insemination in which electrical currents are applied to cause ejaculation
A probe with a power source that is used to promote ejaculation without copulation
A record of the activity of the myocardium
A tool that is used to create a record of the electrical activity in the myocardium
Any record of the electrical activity that takes place in the brain
A type of instrument used to make a record of the brain’s electrical activity
Any substance that breaks into ions when placed into a solution
A record of the strength of contractions of the muscles that are caused by electrical stimulation
The lifting of something
Wasting away or being excessively weak or thin
The castration of an animal
A type of tool that is used to sever the spermatic cord without breaking the skin
A tool that is used to castrate an animal by crushing the spermatic cord
The blockage of a vessel by an object, like air or fat
The collection of something in a blood vessel
The zygote that is developed after conception
The sac the holds the embryo after conception
The transfer of an embryo from one female to another for any purpose
The science of dealing with embryo
Something having to do with an embryo or the development of an embryo
The embryo sac; the sac that holds the embryo as it develops
The cutting of the fetus to allow it to be removed from the uterus
The act of vomiting
Any substance that creates the urge to vomit
A disease of the lungs that is created by the enlargement or change in the alveola and alveolar walls
The breaking down of large globs of fat into smaller parts
To suspend one liquid into another without it mixing
The white substance over the crown of teeth
To enclose something in a type of sheath or capsule
The softening of the brain, a medical condition
A medical condition in which the brain and spine are inflamed
A disease of the brain of any type
Any type of pen or enclosure for the confinement of animals
Any crusting or coating on the body
To become enclosed in a type of bladder or cyst
Any type of agent that is used to kill parasites
The presence of a disease within a given area
An inflammation of the lining of the heart
The inside layer of the heart
Having to do with the internal system
A person who specializes in the study of the hormone system
The study of the hormone system
A disease involving the part of the system that produces hormones
The administration of a tube passed through the mouth, pharynx, larynx, and trachea
The innermost layer of an embryo
Something that has its origin inside the body
A type of fluid that fills the cochlear canal
The innermost layer of the uterus
Any of many parasites that live inside the host’s body
A brain that is produced by the brain, it raises the threshold of pain
A type of instrument that is used to look inside the body
Any examination of the inside of the body that is made using an endoscope
The term for the lining of the medullary cavity, a type of tissue
The covering of cells that is the lining of the organs and blood vessels
A type of toxin that is produced within a living thing and is released upon destruction of that living thing, usually along with its disintegration or decomposition
Introducing fluid into the rectum of a living thing
Any type of crop that is preserved in a silo for use as feed for animals; also called silage
To put plant material in a silo to bring it to fermentation for use as silage
A medical condition in which the small intestines are inflamed
Inflammation of the large and small intestine
The creation of an opening into the small intestine through surgical means
The organs of an animal’s body, usually the intestines
Turning in of the eyelids
The removal of a whole organ; usually the eye ball
Having to do with an enzyme or process involving an enzyme
A substance that causes chemical change to another
The area along the dorsal vertebral column
The lining of the brain and spinal cord central canal
The word for the outside layer of the heart
The outbreak of a disease inside of a group
The study of the way that diseases spread within a group
The outside layer of the skin
Something that is found above the dura mater
The loss of sensation due to the injection of a substance into the space above the dura mater
A collection of blood or fluid above the dura mater
The covering over the larynx, much like a lid
A condition of frequent or recurring seizures that are not of a system origin
A type of hormone, also called adrenaline
The excessive production of tears
An incision that is made into the perineum and vagina to help deliver the fetus without further damage to the body structure
A condition in which the urethra opens on the penal dorsum
A bloody nose
The part of the diencephalon that houses the olfactory organs and pineal gland
A manner of healing by growing an epithelium over a surface
A covering of cells that turns into the outermost layer of skin and covers the body
A type of tumor that comes from the mucous membranes in the gums
A state of balance or being balanced
The name for the species of horses, donkeys, mules
The standing upright of a body part due to engorgement of blood
The term used for hair that is standing straight up
Loss of epithelium to the basement membrane
An increase in red blood cells to abnormal levels
Burping or bringing up gas from the stomach
Redness of the skin
A red blood cell that carries oxygen
A type of species of bacteria, often referred to as E Coli
The process of returning the stomach contents to the esophagus
The tube that extends from the mouth to the stomach
A host that is needed for a certain stage in the development of a parasite
A state in which the animal is able to reduce the temperature of its body, heart rate, breathing rate, and metabolism usually in the summer
An animal that is wandering and belongs to someone unknown
A type of substance that is obtained from the urine of a pregnant animal
The type of female hormone produced in the ovaries that contributes to sex drive and female characteristics
The reproductive cycle of female animals
The time period in which a female is receptive to male attention
The science of the way that animals behave in relation to their environment
Having to do with what causes disease
The study of the various causes of disease
Pertaining to normal digestion
Inducing death on an animal or putting them to sleep
Turned from the inside out
Turning from the outside in
Turned inside out
To remove the internal organs
A female sheep that is intact
To remove by surgical methods
Eliminating or the material that has actually been eliminated
Pertaining to material that is falling off
Expiration; breathing out
The diffusion of fluid through a membrane into a type of fluid that is less dense
A type of toxin created by bacteria and absorbed into the host’s tissue
Eyes that are deviated outwards
The act of cutting wool away from sheep’s eyes
One of the two canine teeth; also called dog teeth
Frank blood is used to describe the obvious, visible presence of blood. Examples include fresh blood in vomit, urine, or feces, or blood that is found on the examiners hand upon examining an internal or external wound.
The term used to describe the movement of an animal
A rhythmic type of movement of an animal, usually of a horse
A substance that promotes a healthy flow down of milk
A type of sugary substance that is obtained from lactose by the hydrolytic process
A fast gait of three beats, faster than a trot
A type of rod that is used to support animals during butchering
A sex cell or germ cell
The process that involves the production of gametes
The term for a male goose
A mass of nerve cells outsider of the central nervous system
Necrosis of a body part that can be attributed to poor circulation
Changes in the udder that often result in mastitis
Removal of all or just a portion of the stomach by surgery
Anything having to do with the stomach
A condition of canines in which the stomach tends to fill with air and expand
A medical condition in which the stomach becomes inflamed
A medical condition in which the small intestine and stomach become inflamed
A person who specializes in the study of the small intestine and stomach
The study of the stomach and small intestine
The digestive tract containing the stomach and intestine
The fixation of the stomach to the wall of the abdomen through surgery
The examination of the stomach with an endoscope
The production of an opening between the stomach and abdominal wall through surgery
An incision made into the stomach
The administration of medication through stomach tube
A command for a horse that tells them to turn right
The term used to refer to an animal that is sterile or the act of sterilizing an animal
A horse or mule that has been castrated
A unit of inheritance; something that is passed down (as in a trait)
The pool of genetic bases made available to breeders for the use of improving their stock
The act of moving a gene from one living thing to another
The plural form of the word ‘genus.’
A group of living things that were born along the same time
A drug that is not sold under a brand name or trademark but bears the same qualities and effects
The origin of a living thing
Referring to genes or traits that are inherited
The animals that a producer has available to them for breeding
The slow and gradual shifts in a species that occur over time due to environmental causes or some unknown cause
The act of altering the way that genes work with the help of science; human intervention with natural genetics
The study of the laws of inheritance n living things; may also be referred to as breeding
Having to do with the sex organs
The name for the reproductive organs
A set of chromosomes that are inherited from a parent
The quality of having the ability to damage genetic material or DNA
The makeup of an individual expressed in genes
The species that a living thing has descended from
Any micro organism with pathogenic capabilities, like a bacteria or virus
Any substance that can kill germs
The period that an animal is pregnant in which the fetus develops from conception to birth
The length of time that an animal is with child, varies from species to species
The term for a ferret that has been neutered (male).
A medical condition in which part or all of the body tends to overgrow
The term for a young pig that has not given birth to young yet (female)
Another word for the gums; the membrane around the teeth and the lining of the mouth
Surgical process in which part of the gum tissue is removed
A medical condition in which the gums become inflamed
A step for exhibition done by trained horses
The measure of the distance around the body of an animal behind its shoulders
The muscular stomach in birds
The quality of being smooth and without hair
An area on the udder where milk pools before it enters and then leaves the teat
The bulge at the end of the penis of an animal
A disorder that has resulted from intraocular pressure
A medical condition in which the glomeruli become inflamed
A group or clumps of capillaries
A medical condition in which the tongue becomes inflamed
The apparatus used to make the voice in living things
A term used to describe an animal with white paws
A hormone that increases the amount of glucose in the blood; secreted by the pancreas
Something that is sticky in substance
Something that has to do with the breakdown of sugar to lactic acid
Glucose in the urine of an animal
A female goat that is less than two years of age that has not yet had a kid
A lump of fat on an animal’s body, usually a sheep or cow
An enlargement of the thyroid due to an iodine deficiency
An animal’s coat that is yellowish-red in color
The gland that produces the gametes in male and female animals
A hormone that gives stimulation to the gonads
A procedure that is used to determine the angle at which the eye drains
An incision that is made into the anterior chamber of the eye as a method of glaucoma treatment
To pierce the body of a living thing with horns
A young goose or a goose that has recently hatched
A type of material that is found in the cotton plant; it is toxic to some animals with simple stomachs like swine
An animal with one parent of pure descent and one of unknown breeding or impure breeding
The term for an animal with ancestors that is not purely bred
Eggs that have been sorted for their quality and size
The process of classifying products or animals into levels of quality
The act of improving a flock by mating in purebred sires to improve the offspring, eventually making offspring eligible for registration as a purely bred animal
A part of tissue or organ that is used for transplant
The term used for animals that are fattened by feeding of grain
A unit of weight in the metric system, about 0.035 ounces
A method of staining to identify bacteria under a microscope
A type of seizure in which the patient’s muscles contract and they lose consciousness
Appearing like particles or small granules in texture
A type of cell in which there are grain-like parts in the cytoplasm
A type of cattle or other animal that has been fed at pasture rather than feed concentrate or grain
The term for a horse whose coat color is gray mixed with roan
The eating of grasses and plants that are low to the ground
To let animals feed on grasses or plants until they are completely gone from the area
The act of feeding animals with a range or pasture
Fat or lanolin
The term for a horse that has been ridden just once or twice and is not fully saddle broken
The term for geese that are fed quickly and marketed at ten weeks of age or thereabout at about 10 to 12 pounds
The term for hay that is still green after it has been cured
A pellet that is made from alfalfa or green roughage
A tendency for animals to flock together as a herd
Cartilage on bones
The area between the abdomen and thighs; the inguinal area
To wash or brush or otherwise care for the appearance of an animal
A chute in which cattle is confined while they are groomed for show
A pig that is anywhere from 50 to 100 pounds in weight
An increase in size or weight; may also refer to a tumor or gall
The hormones that stimulate growth of the body
A wound in an animal’s skin that is caused by the larva of the cattle grub
a grayish black coloring in many animals, such as the American quarter horse.
Another word for ‘esophagus’.
Any sheep or goat that has no teeth
A pouch filled with air in the Eustachian tube in horses
A living thing in which part of the body exhibits characteristics of a female and other parts display those of a male
A type of rope used in training or exercising a horse
A part of something that is elevated
A certain type of head restraining device for horses, much like a halter; used for handling horses that have not yet been fully broken.
a) The term for the plumage on the neck of some male birds b) The term for the hairs on the backs of certain types of animals
The mass of hair that an animal has swallowed, usually found in animals that groom themselves.
The hide of an animal that has been cured and salted wrong, causing slippage of the hair
The term for animals who have the same mother but different fathers, or the same fathers but different mothers
A term for a half-brother or half-sister
A marking on the leg that extends halfway up
A false image or perception of something that is not there
The term for a harness that is worn by certain animals; it fits over the head and the nose
The term for the tendon behind the hock in certain animals
An animal with a coarse head
Term used for an animal who has damaged his or her hamstring
A routine of feeding in which the animal is fed certain amounts of food at certain times of the day
A slower type of gallop in horses
The term for a person who milks a cow without the aid of a machine
a) To harvest a crop without a machine b)To remove the last of milk from the udders of a cow
a) To pick something by hand, without the use of a machine b)To pluck feathers by hand
The term for a cell with only one set of chromosomes
The term for a female animal that is not easy to get pregnant or breed in general
The term for an animal that remains thin no matter how well-fed they are
The term for a cow that is not easy to milk, due to limited space in the udder or some other reason
The term for a horse whose mouth nerves have died due to continuous pressure from the bit
The quality of being hardy in animals
The term for canners or cattle that is very thin
To come out of an egg, as in a chick emerging from a shell
A place where eggs are kept until they are hatched into young
An egg that is of good quality and will likely hatch young
The back legs of an animal; also the action of turning on the hind legs
The term for animals who have large bellies due to eating a great deal of hay or grass
The term for forage that is a lot like hay but with a higher moisture density
The term for a horse that is difficult to saddle or bridle
The part of the bridle that goes around the head of a horse
The term for an animal with stubborn tendencies
A state of being in which all body parts function as they should
The body organ that circulates blood
The measurement around the midsection of an animal, used in guessing the weight of the heart and lungs
The number of heart beats per minute
A process that is used to determine whether or not an animal is in estrus
A tool that is used to determine when a female animal comes into estrus; it is attached to the tail and changes color when she comes into heat
The period of estrus, when a female is receptive to a male
Another term for heat stroke or heat exhaustion
The term for the act of causing cows in a given group to come into heat at the same time through manipulation of the heat cycle artificially
The term for the ability an animal has to live in periods of extreme heat
The name of a nerve found in the diaphragm
The term for a young female cow with no young
Parasite worms, like flat worms or tape worms
A neoplasm made of new blood vessels
A tumor made up of vascular tissue
The act of throwing up blood
Passing stool with blood in it
The accumulation of blood in bodily tissues
Blood in the urine
The part of hemoglobin that contains iron
The medical condition in which one side of the body is weak
One side of the body becomes paralyzed
Half of a circular shape or formation
The test conducted to find blood in the stool that may not be visible to the eye
The protein that moves oxygen in the blood
The breakdown of blood cells
The removal and destruction of red blood cells
A genetic condition in which blood does not properly coagulate
Spitting up of blood from the lower respiratory tract
Extreme loss of blood
To control bleeding or stop it
A tool sued to grasp blood vessels and stop bleeding
Tools that are used to check for hemorrhage inside the body
The number of hen cages in a group
A type of farm that specializes in egg production only
A type of anti coagulating medication or property
Referring to the liver
A condition in which the liver becomes inflamed
Cells in the liver
A neoplasm in the liver
An enlargement of the liver to an abnormal size
An animal that eats only plants
The record of the animals kept in a breed association
The male that is kept just for furthering the herd, usually in horses or cows
The study of the way that genes are passed from parent to offspring
An animal that possesses organs of both male and female (sexual organs)
The quality of having both male and female sex organs
The condition of having a part of a body part protruding through the tissue that would normally cover it
Serum that is pulled from a certain disease or species
Elements that have qualities that are not the same
Organisms who do not self-feed; their bodies depend upon matter supplied from outside of their bodies
A parasite that requires multiple hosts in order to properly develop
Having two genes for one trait, one dominant over the other in most cases
A state in which an animal becomes dormant, lowering its breathing rate, heart rate, and body temperature during winter
The term for an animal whose skin is close to its body, usually from poor nutrition
Too much sweating
A horse that snorts while galloping
A horse who bucks higher than normal
A horse who is trained to perform complicated routines for show
A concaved area where nerves and blood vessels go inside an organ
A type of cinch that goes around the horse so as to keep the saddle from moving; as contrasted to a normal saddle with one cinch
The term for the cecum, small and large colon all together
The young borne of a stallion and jenny (sterile)
A measurement taken from the top of the hip to the ground; term usually sued to refer to cattle
Something that is covered in rough hairs
Connective tissue that is loose and covered in large macrophages
The study of the way that the bodily tissues work
Something that has to do with changes in the structure of the body as the result of cells that are diseased or abnormal in some way
Swellings under the skin that can be caused by food allergies or anything else
A ferret that is intact (male)
a) A type of restraint in which the feet are put in straps to prevent movement b) To tie an animal’s front legs
The stiff hairs on certain pigs that are used in the making of certain bristles
To put hogs out to pasture on a crop grown just for feed, so it never has to be harvested
A tool that is used to hold a hog in place for vaccinations and other activities in which movement must be restricted
A type of ring that is hooked to the one of a hog to prevent it from digging up the ground with its nose
To cause milk to cease in cows
A pen in which animals are kept for handling
The maintenance of a consistent environment in the body
A medical condition characterized by sinking of the eyes, constriction of the pupils and other such symptoms
Milk that has been treated so that the particles are broken up to keep them suspended in the milk and not rise after the milk has been standing for a while
The quality of being the same throughout
One of two structures that are similar in shape, function, or type
The quality of coming from the same place but having different functions
Serum that comes from the same species or derived from the same disease
Term used to refer to animals who have a consistent body temperature
The term for an animal whose genotype is made up of similar genes
The condition of having two of the same genes for one trait
The term for a type of rat that has a black coloring over the top of its body
The hard outside of the feet of certain animals, like horses, cattle, goats, and pigs
A tool used to clean the hooves of certain animals
A tool that is used to test how sensitive a horse’s foot is
The outside covering of the foot of hooved animals
The act of making food available to an animal for days on end so that it does not have to wait for feeding
A type of infection in the eyelid; may also be referred to as a stye
A silo built long rather than tall, the opposite of an upright silo
The transfer of a disease from one animal to the next
A chemical that is transported by the blood to regulate organ activity
An animal that has no horns; a polled animal
The structure in the bottom of a horse’s foot; their foot pad (shaped like a V)
Dried horse waste that is used to grow certain plants, hot beds, and to enrich soil
The quality of having experience and skill with horses
The slang term for horse
A type of fence that will not allow for escape by an animal
A lamb that is born in the fall or winner and is marketed early, at six to twelve weeks old
The test for the presence of certain organisms in milk
A recording of heart rates for a whole day, monitored by a type of recorder worn by the animal
The art of raising farm animals and farming
The act of a crossbreed excelling its parents in size, growth speed, and overall health
Producing crossbreeds through manipulation
A condition in which fluid is found inside the brain; water on the brain
The dilation of the pelvis due to obstruction of urine
Something that is prone to water
The fear of water
The collection of fluids in the body tissues; also dubbed dropsy
The medical condition that results w hen the ureter becomes distended due to something blocking it
The science of health and sanitation
The fold of membrane that covers the vagina
A condition in which the blood has a high level of albumin
High levels of carbon dioxide in the blood
More color than would usually be normal
A tissue that is brighter in color and reflects more sound than the tissue around it
More blood than normal in a body part
Extra sensitive in nature
Straightening a limb beyond normal
Elevated levels of glucose in the blood
A condition in which excess hormones are secreted from the reproductive organs
A medical condition in which more than enough insulin is produced
Too much potassium in the blood
A condition of the blood in which the fat levels are high
High levels of sodium in the blood
The term for a parasite that can parasite on another parasite
A condition causing excessive growth caused by abnormally functioning pituitary glands
An increase in respiration rate and depth of breathing
A reaction to a certain pathogen that is out of the ordinary
A condition in which an animal is especially susceptible to certain infections or poisons
High blood pressure
High body temperature
Larger in size than normal
The deviation of one of the eyes
Hemorrhage into the back of the eye
A trance like state of being; a state of altered awareness
High levels of calcium in the blood
A low level of calcium in the blood
Less than normal levels of carbon dioxide in the blood stream
The skin tissue below the true skin
Low amounts of glucose in the blood
Not enough secretion of hormones from the reproductive organs
Lower levels of potassium in the blood than normal
A magnesium deficiency in the blood
Part of the thalamus that helps to regulate the release of certain hormones
A body temperature that is too low
A guess in scientific research
Movement of just one eye down
The slowdown of circulation of blood
Less oxygen than normal in the blood
A kind of tooth that always grows and is chewed down continuously
Removal of the uterus in whole
A type of rodent, like a chinchilla or guinea pig
Anything that is created through a method of treatment
An illness that is created through a method of treatment
Another term for jaundice
A seizure or attack
Twins that come from one egg that separates after it is fertilized
Relating to a disease of unknown origin, which may or may not have arisen spontaneously
The removal of the ileum by surgery
A condition that results from inflammation of the ileum
The production of an opening between the wall of the abdomen and the ileum
The term for the last part of the small intestine, between the jejunum and the large intestine.
The term for when peristalsis of the intestines ceases
The bones in the pelvis
To tighten something with sutures
The act of overlapping surfaces that would normally oppose one another
Making something hold fast; not letting something move
The act of not being able to catch a certain disease or illness
To keep an animal free from disease by making it resistant through vaccination
Any substance that helps to create antibodies to resist an infection or disease
A type of antibody in the plasma; there are five of them
The study of the processes of the immune system
Something that makes the body more susceptible to disease
The reduction in the amount of resistance the body has to a disease
The blockage of an area with dry feed
Anything that is grafted into the body
An attachment of the zygote inside the uterus
Inability to reproduce; lack of virility
To make an animal pregnant
A wave that is transmitted through nerves and nervous tissue
The term for a mare that is pregnant
The term for an animal that is ready to mate with a male or in estrus
Inside the uterus
The term for living organisms inside the test tube
The term for creating a fetus by fertilizing egg and sperm in a Petri dish and then implanting the egg; artificial insemination.
Inside a living organism
A lack of desire for food
The dropping of urine at the wrong time or place
An animal whose parents show common ancestry; breeding between relatives
The mating of animals who are closely related, like father and daughter or brother and sister
To cut into, as in surgically
A cut into a body tissue or organ
The cutting of a piece of tissue or organ for medical examination
The term for the front teeth that are used for cutting
A type of gene that does not completely cover up its allele; co dominance
The ability to control excretions from the body
The process of turning an egg into a bird
A machine that provides the optimum environment for an embryo to develop
A medical condition in which the digestive process is disturbed in some way from something like too much food, spoiled food, etc.
An animal that will breed with any animal it can
The term for an animal that ovulates due to sexual activity
Any substance in feed that does not give nutritional value to the food, as in a filler
An area of necrosis that has been created by a slow down or stop in blood supply
To cause disease by introducing germs or fungus
Something that has the ability to be transferred from something to something else
A type of disorder that is caused by a pathogen, such as fungi or viruses in the body
Something that has the ability to infect a living thing
Less important, below, toward the bottom or back
Something that is not capable of reproducing
To attack something or take it over, as in the way ticks can infest a dog
The act of being taken over by a large number of something, usually parasites
A type of swelling or pain that is the body’s way of warding off injury, pain, or illness
An opening that is shaped like a funnel
To put a liquid or medicine into something
To take food in by mouth
Material that is absorbed through the mouth
The opening in the wall of the abdomen from where the testes move into the scrotum
A condition in which the bowels protrude through a thin area of the groin
Medicines that can be inhaled
The act of drawing something into the lungs by breathing
Transmitting genes from parent to child
A trait that has been determined by genes
To slow something down or cause it to stop
To mechanically introduce a substance into a living thing
To stimulate the nerves
To stimulate a body part through nerve action
The introduction of an animal to an organism in order to create a slight disease to induce immunity
A substance that affects the way that the muscles contract
An animal that breathes air and has a head, thorax, and abdomen
A type of chemical that inhibits the growth process of insects, leading to death
A chemical that kills insects by poison or fumigant
To put semen into a vagina during coitus or to do so artificially by a method other than intercourse
A tube made up of rubber or glass that is used to artificially inseminate a female animal
A disease that develops over an extended period of time
The process of drying and thickening due to evaporation
The set of knowledge that an animal has due to its genetics; behavior that is not learned
The lack of ability to perform properly at a functional level
Blowing a powder into the nose as a form of medication administration
A hormone created by the pancreas that helps to regulate the flow of glucose
Denotes an animal that is still able to reproduce or is free of cuts and scrapes
Having to do with the skin and hair as well as the sweat and oil glands in the body
Breeding within the family as a way of predicting desirable characteristics
Found between the cells
Found between the ribs
Found between the toes
A host that is not the primary host in which a parasite may reside for a portion of the life cycle
Found between the phalanges
A term that denotes an organism that has characteristics of both male and female
Something that refers to events that occur between different species of animals
An animal that is a cross between two species
The area inside a given tissue or organ
The swelling or inflammation of the bladder
The fluid that flows between the cells of a given organ or bodily tissue
Found between the ventricles
The padding found between the vertebrae that keeps them from rubbing together
The membranes that line the inside of the small intestine
The organisms and bacteria that are found inside the gastrointestinal system
The part of the digestive system found between the stomach and the anus
The term that is used to refer to something that occurs during surgery
The removal of cataracts and the capsule around them
Inside the cell
A method of artificial insemination where semen is placed inside the cervix and not the vagina
Found inside the cranium
Found inside the skin
Pins that are used to repair fractures
Found inside the muscle
Found inside the nose or the nostrils
The placement of medicine inside the nasal cavity as a form of administration
Found inside the eye
Administration of a vaccine by placing it inside the eye
Found inside the peritoneal cavity
Found inside the peritoneal cavity
Found inside the uterus
Found inside the vein
The word for an animal or plant that is not native to an area but is accidentally brought in somehow.
Inside the stomach
The introduction or insertion of one part into another part
The insertion of one part of the intestine into the next part
Turning something inside out
Designates an animal that has no spine
A teat that is turned upside down; usually has no function
The covering that contains part of a bone
The act of returning to normal size after swelling, usually has to do with an organ (like the uterus)
An atom that has a positive or negative charge
Something with an electrical charge
An additive to food that makes it more digestible and efficient in ruminants
On the very same side as something
The removal of part of the iris by surgical means
Denotes the iris and the cornea
The colored layer around the pupil
The medical condition that results from inflammation of the iris
A blood deficiency
The caudal bones in the pelvis
A type of tissue that appears the same as tissue around it when looking at ultrasound
The fusing of gametes; causes similarity in them
To keep one animal away from another for any reason
A thin piece of tissue that connects two larger parts of tissue
Denoting something that can be found between the atria
Term used to refer to a male donkey
A condition in which the skin becomes yellow in color as do the mucous membranes; this is due to excess amounts of bilirubin.
The middle section of the small intestine, found between the duodenum and the ileum.
A female donkey; commonly referred to as a jennet
A term used to describe a purely black horse
A horse who is balky in appearance
A crooked method of walking in a horse; much like a prance
A ferret who has not been spayed
A trot, slower in pace
a) Term used for a pig’s cheek b) Term used for the meat taken from the cheek of a pig
a) A pen where lambs are kept until their mother claims them b) A chute in a pen in which animals are passed through to help with sorting
A term used for a horse that is not taking well to training and lacks sense
A male cow that is used mostly for breeding
Horses that jump at shows and go through judgment
A picture of the chromosomes in any given cell as they are arranged in twos.
The part of the body on a bird that sits behind the breast; may also be referred to as the breastbone
Anything that is related to a ridge on a plant or animal
The term for a young guinea bird
The surgical procedure in which part of the cornea is removed
The fiber that makes up the hair, skin, and nails; protein
A medical condition in which the cornea becomes inflamed
A medical procedure in which the cornea is punctured to allow the humor to aspirate.
A medical condition in which the cornea and conjunctiva become inflamed
A surgical procedure for reparation of the cornea; may also be a corneal transplant.
A medical condition in which keratin becomes thickened
A procedure in which an incision is made into the cornea
The product of metabolism of fat; may also be referred to as bodies of ketone or ketone bodies
A medical condition in which the products of the metabolism of fat is found in the urine
A disease of the blood and tissues involving an excessive buildup of ketone.
A type of strap that is fastened to an animal’s rear feet to keep them from kicking
Part of the urinary system; used to filter blood and remove waste products
A weight unit; equals out to about 2.2 pounds
Being pregnant, as found in rabbits
The birthing of rabbits or ferrets
A term used to refer to cows or some type of cattle
The term for the hide of a young calf
A horse that is prone to striking its feet with the opposite foot while in motion
A medical condition in which the bones in the carpal joint become inflamed; may cause lameness
A weakness in the front legs of horses; causes the knees to come too close to one another.
The term for the part of the tooth that touches the inside of the lips
Something that is shaky or unstable
A type of lip or fleshy divider or border
Another term for the inner ear
A cut into the skin that is made by accident
The gland that aids in the secretion of tears
A condition in which tears secrete normally
A cut that is made into the lacrimal gland or the lacrimal duct
The formation and secretion of milk and the processes involved
The term for the tube that carries milk down into the nipples
The term for the glands that are found in the mammary tissue; they aid in the production of milk
Anything that is capable of stimulating the production of milk in females
A type of hormone that is credited for stimulating the production of milk
A type of tool that is used to calculate the density of milk
The act of giving birth to a young sheep
A length of wire that is used to assist in difficult lambing situations
A pen that is designed for ease and privacy of birth in ewes
The part of the year when sheep are most likely to give birth to young
One of the several layers of a cell wall
Any type of pain or tenderness or lack of soundness in the feet or legs of animals
The removal of the lamina as a method of relieving pain and pressure on the spine
An inflammation of the lamina in horses; causes pain or congestion of the lining
Any road between fences that leads out to pastures or other open areas
A fatty substance that is secreted by the glands in the skin of sheep
A term for a male rabbit that has been castrated
A rope or rawhide that is coiled on a saddle and used for restraining and branding livestock
An insect that has hatched from an egg but has not yet reached the pupal stage
Any type of substance that is used to kill parasites in their larval stage
The act of removing the larynx through surgical methods
Inflammation of the larynx
The repair of the larynx through surgery
A medical condition in which the voice box becomes paralyzed
A type of tool that is used to examine the larynx
An examination of the larynx done with an endoscope
The voice box; this is one part of the respiratory system
A type of light device that transfers a bright beam; this is used for many medical purposes
The act of throwing a lariat so as to catch an animal by the neck or horns
Term used to refer to an infection that is present but has not yet begun to spread
The term for an infection that has been noticed but has yet to turn into an actual disease
Moving or located away from the midline; located along the side
The corner of the eye on the outside; the corner that is found away from the nose
The act of lying on the side of the body
A growth on the side of the pastern on the leg of affected horses
The collection of sweat on the hide of a horse
Irritating tissue with a great deal of some type of fluid
A type of medication that is used to loosen stool and relieve constipation
The degree to which something is loose or has not been tightened
The term for a female that is kept solely for the purpose of producing eggs
The cattle at the head of the herd
A line at the top of an animal’s gum; its presence indicates lead poisoning
Signals that are given using the rider’s legs that direct the movement of the horse
The removal of the lens through surgical means
A change in the way that tissue is constructed; a sore
The condition of being drowsy, listless, or weak
An increase in the number of bad white blood cells
White blood cells that are known for destroying disease and help to keep foreign substances out of the blood
An increase in the number of white blood cells (abnormal)
A decrease in the number of white blood cells (abnormal)
The measure of an animal’s sex drive or desire to mate
Small, wingless insects that live as parasites on humans and some animals
The series of changes that an organism goes through during its life
A band of connective tissue that hooks bones together or organs together
The actions involved in tying something
The term used to refer to an animal that is being fed for maintenance and not for fattening
Another word for the border between something
The part of the brain that deals with emotions and behavior
The manner of feeding livestock in which their basic needs for nutrition are addressed and attempts are not being made to fatten them or increase their level of productivity
A band of tissue that connects the abdominal wall to the center of the abdomen; this is the white line that marks the midline of the abdominal muscles
The term for the gland that secretes the hormones that are responsible for the functions that come from the center of the brain
The face of the teeth that touches the tongue
Any type of solution that is used in the bathing and treatment of sprains and bruises; it contains a counter-irritant
The association of genetic traits from one generation to the next generation
An enzyme charged with digesting fat
A medical condition in which there is a great deal of fat in the blood
Fats in the blood that will have settled in the serum, causing it to appear cloudy
Anything having to do with fat or fatty tissue
A growth of fat cells, benign in nature
The liquid part of an animal’s excrement, usually urine
Not with much energy; lethargic
The group of offspring borne of the same laboring experience
The floor in a poultry house; made up of straw, droppings, and other things and may build up over the period of one laying year
Usually a guarantee given by a breeding service, promising that the foal will be born live as a result of the service or there is no fee
Any virus that is still able to infect
The weight of an animal as compared to their weight after slaughter and dressing
An organ found in living things that has a significant role in metabolic function and the production of bile
A type of protein found in egg yolk that is able to dissolve in water
A chute that is used to help load animals onto a trailer or truck
The removal of a lobe by surgical means
The absence of feeling after anesthetic has been infected into an area nearby
Damage or effects that are caused at the point where the contact was originally made, like damage to the eye
The term for wool that is springy when pushed down as compared to other types of wool
A riding position in which the rider holds the saddle horn rather than sitting up in the saddle
The region that includes the back, the thorax, and the pelvic area
The term sued to indicate an animal with too much room between their hip point and last rib
Any animal more than a year old
Hay that is stored without having been baled or compressed
A style of riding or driving in which the reins remain generally relaxed
The left side of a carcass of beef
A slower type of gallop
The curve in the spine, usually associated with an animal being in estrous
A type of insect, parasitic in nature
The part of the respiratory system that holds the bronchial tree and the lungs
A term for a horse that pulls at his bit
The part of the back between the pelvis and the thorax
The connection or relationship between the lumbar and the sacral vertebrae
Any opening in an organ
Something that gives off a light, usually a soft one
A term used to refer to the removal of a mass from the body by surgical means
The organ involved with respiration
The term for a horse that is awkward or heavy or larger than average; may refer to other animals as well at times
Sheen and shine, as referred to an animal’s coat
The dislocation of a bone from the joint
A fluid that makes up the liquid part of blood; it lacks color
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
The removal of the lymph nodes by surgical means
A medical condition in which the lymph nodes are inflamed
Any disease of the lymph nodes
The collection of lymphatic vessels, forming a benign lump; this is not normal
Anything pertaining to the blood vessel system in the body
A type of leukocyte in the body
A heightened number of lymphocytic leukocytes in the blood of an animal
Any tissue belonging to the lymphatic system
A term for a type of neoplasm that is made up of lymphoid tissue; these masses are usually malignant in nature
A decreased number of lymphocytic leukocytes in an animal’s blood system
Any antibody that can dissolve cells or cause them to disintegrate
The breakdown of something or the destruction of something, biologically speaking
Any type of enzyme that is known to destroy bacteria
The term for a skull that is larger than normal
The term for a larger cell
The term for a large cell that destroys things by eating them
Something that can be seen by the human eye without the use of a microscope
An area in the middle of the retina that is yellow and depressed; may also be referred to as a fovea or macula lutea
A medical condition in which vision loss occurs in the middle of the eye
A lesion that is less than a single centimeter across; usually flat
The young of a fly; tends to be found in dead tissue or decaying tissue
The impairment of nutrient intake into the intestines
General discomfort of the body
Any growth or organ on an animal that is not normal
Something that becomes worse or life threatening as it spreads
A condition of poor health that results from poor feeding or no feeding at all
A condition in which the teeth do not connect properly
The positioning of a fetus in an improper way before birth
The glands in female animals that are used to produce milk; also called the udder or breast
The entire system involved with the production of milk in female animals, including the udder, teats, and inclusive blood vessels
The term for the veins that are near the udder of dairy cows; they are located just beneath the surface of the skin on the belly of the cow
The term for the repair of the mammary glands by surgical means
The term for the lower jaw bone; this is the only bone in the skull that has the ability to move
The long hair at the back of the neck on a horse
The term for a disease of the skin caused by certain mites
The end of the sternum at the cranial point
The term for a female horse over the age of four that has not been sterilized
The term for the fatty tissue that is found inside most bones
The surgical removal of the breasts or mammary glands in an animal
An infection of the udder; may be infectious or not
Something that has to do with an animal resembling its male parent.
The term for the upper bone of the jaw
The collection of semen for the purpose of breeding
The term for the stool of a newborn that collects inside the fetus’ intestines
The corner of the eye by the nose
The area in the thorax between the two lungs, where the heart, esophagus, aorta, bronchials, and thymus are located.
The inside part or region of something
The part of the brain stem that has control over the basic functions of life
The inside part of the longer bones in the shaft
The term for a colon that is enlarged abnormally
The term for an esophagus that is enlarged abnormally
The term for a nucleated cell that has formed platelets
The organs on the eyelids; may also be referred to as tarsal glands
The division of sex cells in which each cell receives half the chromosomes
The term for the dark pigment in the cells of skin and hair
The term for the cells that contain melanin
The term for black feces that has blood in it
Vitamin K3; this vitamin is essential for the control of bleeding
The term for the connective tissue around the brain and spine
A medical condition in which the meninges becomes inflamed
A medical condition in which the meninges protrudes from the skull or vertebrae
The curved cartilage that is located inside some of the synovial joints in the body
The part of the brain in the middle
The part of the peritoneum that holds the parts of the intestines inside the abdomen
The part of the tooth surface that is closest to the middle
The middle part of the embryo
The various parasites and bacteria that grow at body temperature
The chemical changes that occur inside the living cells of plants and animals
The group of processes that involve the use of nutrients by the body
The processes in which an organism changes from one form to another, like an insect does
A kidney that resembles an embryo
The phase in the division of cells where the chromosomes are arranged in a plane
The transformation of a mature tissue into another type of mature tissue
The growth of pathogens away from the original site of the disease
The occurrence or invasion of pathogens away from the point where they originally occurred
The term for the bones away from the tarsus and near the phalanges
The part of the brain including the pons and cerebellum
A colorless gas with no odor; can be volatile in a certain environment and is often the product of the decomposition of waste and other products
An amino acid that contains sulfur
A condition in which the uterus becomes inflamed
The term for plant life or animal life that is microscopic
The term for a scientist that deals with the study of plant life and animal life in microscopic sizes
The term for a skull that is small and abnormally so
The term for a very small cell
The term for an organism that is alive but is microscopic in size
The term for eyes that are strangely small
The opening in an ovule where sperm enters
The excretion of urine
The part of the brain stem that runs from the cerebrum to the pons
A gland near the stomach of some fowl birds that helps to form new blood cells
Any substance that is utilized for the purpose of constricting pupils
Any type of arachnid excluding ticks
Any type of poison that is used in the killing of mites
The division of cells in which each cell has the full amount of chromosomes
The fold of membrane found between the left atrium and left ventricle
The cheek teeth of an animal
The action of shedding old feathers or horns before new ones come in
The act of interrupting the laying of eggs
The property of having only one heat cycle in a season
The term for an animal of mixed breed
The inability to distinguish certain colors from one another; color blindness
A type of leukocyte with phagocytic abilities
The act of decreasing the number of monocytic leukocytes in an animal’s bloodstream.
The increase of numbers of leukocytes in the blood
A strand of material that is singular
The quality of being able to pair with a single mate
The term for an animal with a single stomach compartment
A type of hybrid in which the parents only have one difference in character
The act of eating only one meal per day or only one single type of food
The quality of having one limb paralyzed
A type of animal who has only had a single testicle descend into its scrotum
A type of vaccine that has been created just for a single type of organism or antigen
The history of certain organisms or their various parts
The act of determining an animal’s age by looking at its teeth
Something that bears a resemblance to mucus
The breaking down of mucus
Something that contains mucus and/or pus
A special type of tissue that exudes mucus
The term for something with multiple strands that is entwined together
The term for an animal that has given birth on more than one occasion
The term for mice and rat-like rodents
The term for a wild horse that has descended from a type of Spanish horse
The term for a type of agent that works with DNA to create a change in the makeup of a cell
Something that is able to change genetic abnormalities
A different type of something; a type of offspring that is different from its parents and others like it
The term for the relationship between two organisms that depends upon one another
The term for the nostrils and muscles in the upper and lower lips of an animal; may also be used to describe a type of tool used to keep an animal from biting
The term for weakness of the muscles
The study of fungus
A type of disease that is created by the presence of fungus in living things
Any type of disease that is created by a fungus
A type of chemical that is created by fungus; it may calls illness or death when eaten
A type of covering over certain nerve cells; may be found in areas of the spinal cord or on the brain’s white matter
An inflammation of the bone marrow or spinal cord
A picture that is taken of the spinal cord after dye is injected; may also be used to take a count of white blood cells
The study of the spine after dye has been injected
A type of tumor made up of certain cells in the bone marrow
A disease of the bone marrow or of the spine
The larvae of flies in tissue
The inflammation of myocardium
The term for the thickest layer of the heart muscle
The contraction of the muscles in the skeleton
The layer of the uterus made up of muscles
Weakness of the muscles
A condition of the muscles in which they are diseased
The removal of muscles by surgery
The neoplasm that is made up of certain muscles
A medical condition in which muscles become inflamed
An incision that is made into a muscle
The relaxation of muscles that is delayed after they have contracted
The removal of part of the ear drum by surgery
A medical condition that results from the ear drum becoming inflamed
A type of tumor that is made up of connective tissues
A type of horse that does not belong to a particular breed
The term for a female goat; used incorrectly
The back of the neck of a certain animal
A medical condition in which sleep comes uncontrollably
An opening in the nasal cavity; also referred to as the nostril
A type of antibiotic that only works on gram-negative or gram-positive bacteria
The cartilage between the nasal cavities
The nose and the stomach
The placement of a tube between the nose and the stomach
The part of the throat above the soft palate
A disease that is caused by an organism indigenous to an environment
A type of hybrid breeding that takes place without the help of people
An organism that preys upon or is preyed upon by another animal in nature
An immunity that is found naturally in certain plants or animals
The process in which certain plants or animals are eliminated from an environment and do not carry on in an environment
The upset of the stomach; the urge to throw up
The left side of a horse
The making of a fine mist; usually used to administer certain drugs
Turning a horse a certain way by laying the reins on the neck and not pulling on the bit
The term for a long rope tied around a horse’s neck; used to lasso cattle
An examination of the inside of a dead body; used to determine the cause of death; may also be referred to as an autopsy
A condition of dead tissue
Having to do with dead tissue
The process in which a needle is inserted into tissue to remove tissue
The sharp teeth that are present when piglets are born; there are eight of them and they are often clipped
A newborn less than four weeks old; belonging to certain species
The study of newborn living things
The removal of a kidney through surgical means
A medical condition in which the kidney becomes inflamed
A kidney stone
The condition in which kidney stones are present
The condition that occurs when a kidney is affixed to the abdominal wall
The condition that results when the kidneys become hardened
An abnormal medical condition involving the kidneys
A poison that causes damage to the kidneys
A bundle of fibers that are used in the process of sending impulses through the body
A group of nerves that run through one another
Pain in the nerves
The removal of a nerve through surgical means
A medical condition that results when the nerves become inflamed
The connection of nerves to one another
A neoplasm that is made up of nervous tissue
The cells that support the nervous system; are also referred to as glial cells
The back of the pituitary gland
The membranes that cover the outside of the nerve fibers
A person who specializes in the study of the nervous system
The study of the nerves
The area found between the muscles and the endings of the nerves
The most basic element of the nervous system
The repair of a nerve through surgical means
The act of suturing the ends of a broken nerve together
An incision made into a nerve
Something that has poisonous conditions to the brain and nerves
Any sub stance that allows impulses to be transmitted from one neuron to the next
To alter a male animal so that it is unable to reproduce
A decrease in the number of neutrophilic leukocytes in an animal’s blood
One of the vitamins in the B- complex group; also known as nicotinic acid
Softly neighing (in horses)
The part of the lining of the eye that covers the cornea when the eyelids close
The two middle incisors on a horse
An egg of a louse
A type of gas found in air and soil
Something that is known to cause pain
Any receptor that is stimulated by pain or injury
Urination at night in excessive amounts; abnormal
A horse that nods its head while it walks
A small lump or mass of tissue
Fibers that are removed from wool while combing
Any additive that has no nutritional value
Something that cannot be spread from one living thing to another
A type of amino acid that can be synthesized naturally by an animal’s body
Cannot be charged with electricity; lacks electrical ions
Cannot produce disease
Certain nitrates or amino acids that may be toxic to certain livestock in certain forms
Does not pose a poisonous threat to a plant or animal
A type of tool that is fitted over an animal’s nose to keep it under control for shoeing or other operations
A metal ring that snaps into a bull’s nose and is used to lead it around
A bag of feed that is hung over a horse’s nose and allows them to eat while walking
A type of disorder caused by a pathogen that is contracted in a clinic
The act of putting a slit in animals’ ears for identification purposes
Any disease that must be reported to the appropriate authorities when diagnosed
The protoplasm found inside the nucleus
The term for a female that has never been with child
A female that has never given birth
A blanket placed beneath a saddle for the purpose of soaking up sweat
A calf that is still on the teat
Any nutritious substance found in food
The utilization of certain elements of food as it is metabolized; ensures that it does the body of an animal some good
Any additive that has some value to the food, like a vitamin
The capacity that feed has to give nutrition to livestock
The lack of ability to see at night
An increased (abnormal) desire for sex in female animals
The involuntary rhythm of the eye at night
A medical condition in which an animal possesses an abnormally large amount of fat in the body
A type of organism that only has the ability to live in a free oxygen environment
An organism that only has the ability to live in an environment free of free oxygen
A type of parasite that must be confined to a certain type of host and can only survive as a parasite
A type of micro organism that gets its nutrients from dead tissue and inorganic materials
A type of organism that depends on another organism to exist
A beam that passes through the body at a certain angle
A type of chain used by a vet to help animals to deliver their young; used with cows and horses and helps to provide enough traction for the young.
The form of medicine that handles the birthing of young and the care of the mother during pregnancy
The blockage of a passage or canal
The surface of a tooth designed for chewing
The type of contact that occurs between the teeth where chewing is concerned
Something that is difficult to view; partially or fully hidden
A form of bone spavin that occurs at the hock in a horse
Anything having to do with the eye
A type of tumor that forms in tissue before teeth are formed
The right side as pertaining to a horse
The part of the carcass that is inedible; includes certain organs and tissue in an animal that has been slaughtered
The term for an animal’s young
A type of gland found at the base of a chicken’s tail that secretes a type of oil used in preening
Salve; usually made of fat or petroleum and is often used for medicinal purposes
The term for a sheep over one year old that has lamb teeth
Anything having to do with an animal’s sense of smell
A type of cell with very few dendritic hairs or branches
A medical condition in which few sperm are found in semen
A medical condition in which nutrients are lacking
A medical condition in which there is not enough urination
The term for the third compartment in the stomach of ruminant animals
A type of animal that lives off of both animal products and plant products
The term for an animal that is being fed grain or milk, usually for the production of meat
The term for livestock that is being allowed to graze on pasture
The study of cancer and tumors
The process of development when it comes to living things; from egg to adult
The process of surgically removing the claw of an animal
An infection of the claw by fungus
The stage in the life of certain parasites in which they are encapsulated and usually passed through droppings
The processes in which germ cells are produced by female animals
The first germ cell produced
An egg that is expelled with no shell
The removal of one or both ovaries by surgery
The term for a female cow that is not yet pregnant
A mass of animals that allows for the entry of other animals
The process of allowing a band of animals to spread out and graze
A large area in which animals are allowed to graze unrestricted
The term for sheep with little to no wool over their eyes
A medical condition in which the eye ball or lining becomes inflamed
Anything having to do with the eye or care of the eye
A professional skilled in the study of the eye
The study of the parts and health of the eye
A type of tool used to look inside the eye
The ability to create a disease where a disease might not normally be found, usually due to an ill timed or unlikely weakness
A condition in which the nerves in the brain having to do with vision become crossed
A blind spot in the eye
The perfect environment for an organism to thrive in
The removal of the testes through surgical means
A condition in which the testes become inflamed
Anything produced by animals or originating in animals; also has to do with chemical compounds that have carbon in them
Any living thing made of cells
A type of chemical element in which organisms are not able to exist
Anything having to do with the senses, like taste, temperature, smell, etc.
Any body entrance or exit
The process of passing a stomach tube from the mouth to the stomach
The part of the throat that is found between the soft palate and the epiglottis
A person whose profession is charged with preserving or restoring parts of the skeletal system
The bone inside the penis of canine animals
A type of organism that is known to grow in a solution high in osmotic pressure
The transfer of water through a type of membrane
The amount of pressure required to cause osmosis to stop
The production of bone
Pain in the bones
Removal of the bone through surgical means
A medical condition in which the bone becomes inflamed
A disease of the joints in which the cartilage and bone become degenerative
A cell that is used in the formation of bones
The degeneration of bone after regeneration
A bone cell
The loss of calcium salts in bones; this causes fragility. This condition is found in horses, pigs, goats, dogs, and certain types of animals
The study of the bones
The softening of the bones; not normal in animals
A medical condition in which bone and bone marrow becomes inflamed
A medical condition in which bone tissue dies
A projection that can be found at the area where cartilage has begun to degenerate; sometimes they are free floating
A medical condition in which bone porosity increases and bone density decreases
A neoplasm made up of bone, malignant in nature
An incision made into bone
Pain of the ear
Anything having to do with the ear
A medical condition in which the ear becomes inflamed
Inflammation of the external parts of the ear
Inflammation of the inner part of the ear
Inflammation of the middle parts of the ear
A stone found in the utricle
An infection of the ear due to fungus
A disease of the ear
A surgical repair made to the ear
A discharge of pus from the ear
Discharge from the ear
A type of instrument used to look inside the ear
Something that is poisonous to the ear
Young from parents that are not related
Mating between animals who are not at all related
The word for female eggs
The thin membrane between the middle ear and inner ear
The result of the accumulation of fluid in the female gonads
Anything that is known to kill parasites while they are still eggs
The term for the tubes that run from the uterus to the ovary; fallopian tubes
The production of the female gamete
The germ cell that is used in creating the female gamete
The name for the species to which sheep belong
Eggs that produce young
The laying of an egg
The gonad, made up of the tissue of the ovaries and the testicles
The process of the maturation and release of eggs
The mass that becomes the seed after fertilization
The female gamete
Enzymes that are oxidizing
A chemical change that has to do with adding oxygen or something like it
Any substance that is created when oxygen and hemoglobin are formed together
A type of hormone that is released during parturition that aids in the contraction of the uterus and causes milk to be released
A discharge of the nose that is caused by the inflammation of the mucous membranes; has to do with a disease of the nose bones
The term for the dura mater
The term used to describe how much an animal will like a specific taste or food
A medical condition in horses in which the roof of the mouth becomes swollen; caused by eating hard food
A medical procedure in which a cleft palate is surgically corrected
Something that relieves a condition’s symptoms without curing the condition
The bottom of a front hoof on a horse or other hooved animal
Examination through feeling
The term for the lid of the eye
Anything pertaining to the lid of the eye
Pounding in rhythm; like the beat of the heart
A gland that aids in both digestive and insulin functions
The process in which the pancreas is surgically removed
The juice that is secreted by the pancreas; aids in the digestion of food
A medical condition in which the pancreas becomes inflamed
A blood cell deficiency; applies to all types of blood cells
Something that occurs over a large area of land. Of disease, an epidemic that occurs over a wide geographical area or affects a large population.
A medical condition in which the eye structures become inflamed
Inflammation of the structures of the ear
Something that has to do with a disease that is widespread; pertains to animals
A bump or protrusion
A medical condition in which the optic disk becomes swollen
A fleshy, lobed growth of the skin
A lesion of the skin less than half a centimeter in diameter
A surgical incision that is put parallel to the very last rib
A medical condition in which an animal experiences full or partial loss of function
A cut that is made parallel to the midline but not on the midline
Paralysis of the legs in humans; paralysis of the hind limbs in quadrupeds
Any organism that lives on or inside another organism
Any type of chemical that is known to kill a parasite
The part of the nervous system that helps to restore the body to its natural state after it has undergone a particularly stressful situation
The hormone that is created from the parathyroid glands; helps to regulate the calcium level of an animal’s blood
The name for four glands that are located on the top of the thyroid gland that help to regulate the amount of calcium in the blood
A process in which one or both of the parathyroid glands are removed through surgical means
The elements of function in a given tissue or organ
The administration of something through a route other than the normal route, which is through the gastro intestinal tract
A type of paralysis that may be only slight; affects the way that an animal is able to move
A strange sensation of the body
Something that belongs to an organ wall or cavity wall
The wall of a cavity or organ in a plant or animal
Something that is found near the ear or pertains to the ear
Any gland that is used in the secretion of saliva; found behind the jaw and underneath the ear
Anything that has given birth before
Something that is close to the ovary
A type of convulsion or muscle spasm that sets on quickly
A type of medical condition in which an animal’s top teeth protrude over its lower teeth
The total process of development of a living thing from an egg cell
A disorder of the metabolism as seen in ruminant animals during the latter weeks of pregnancy or early in the lactation period
Labor; giving birth
A type of bird that perches, such as a finch or sparrow
The type of immunity that occurs when an animal is vaccinated against a certain illness
The term for the knee cap
The study of the different diseases
Something that is capable of producing disease
Having the ability to produce disease
The study of the causes and development of disease
Something that resembles or has to do with the male parent
Pertaining to the breast area or chest
A list of an animal’s ancestors
The property of having stalks or peduncles
The area inside the pelvis that holds the reproductive organs
The term for the hip and related area
An udder that is poorly attached; hangs low to the ground
A type of enzyme that aids in digestion; it is secreted in the stomach with the help of glands
A compound made up of a group of amino acids; aids in the digestion of certain proteins
Something that is extremely acute; markedly acute
Something that moves through the skin
Something that has eroded through the surface of something
The flow of blood through bodily tissue
Something around the anus
The term for the membrane around the heart
The fluid that is found amongst the layers of the pericardium
Inflammation of the pericardium
The sac of membranes that hold the heart
The membrane around the outside of the uterus
The area between the vulva and anus or scrotum and anus
Pertaining to or around the eye
The time in which milk flows in an animal
The medical condition in which the tissues around the teeth are inflamed
A type of coating that keeps moisture inside the hoof
The term used to refer to the socket that holds the eye
The fiber that covers the outside of a bone
That part of the nervous system that includes the cranial nerves and spinal nerves
Contraction of the smooth muscles
The membrane that covers the wall of the abdomen and pelvic area
A medical condition in which the peritoneum becomes inflamed
Something around or pertaining to the vessels
Something that is fatal or has the potential to cause harm
An enzyme found in abnormal milk
A suppository used for administering drugs vaginally
A small hemorrhage
Small purple or red spots on an animal’s skin; due to a small hemorrhage
A type of cell that eats or ingests material
A condition involving cells that eat
An incurable hunger or craving to eat
A fear of eating food
A bone in the finger
Any substance that is used to make an animal or person healthier
The process of moving drugs and chemicals
The study of drugs and their nature and uses
A surgical process in which an opening in the throat is created
A medical condition in which the throat becomes inflamed
A medical procedure in which the throat is surgically repaired
A cavity in the mouth where the respiratory systems and gastrointestinal systems come together
The character of an animal without giving thought to its genetics; they may look alike but breed differently
A type of hormone that is secreted in order to create a specific reaction by another organism
A medical condition in which a blood vessel becomes inflamed
A type of mucus that comes out of the lining of the respiratory tract
A real fear of something
A condition in which light cannot be tolerated
The history of a species as pertaining to its development
The highest group as far as the plant and animal kingdoms are concerned
A segment of the bone that involves growth; this term may also imply growth
The study of the functions of the body
A density of plant material
A type of ravenous appetite that causes animals to eat or lick at strange substances
A pinto animal; a horse with a black and white coat or a coat that is dark in color
A type of condition of the skin where the skin is partly white and party brown
A process in which part of the pineal gland is surgically removed
A disorder involving the pineal gland
The outside of a bird’s wing; may also refer to the process of cutting off the pinion to keep a bird from being able to fly
The outside of the ear; may also be referred to as the auricle
The absorption of fluid by cells
A horse that is spotted in color
The act of cracking the shell with a beak (by a chick) before emerging
The destruction of the brain by thrusting a needle into the vertebral column
A disorder of the pituitary gland
The gland that is found at the bottom of the brain whose job is to maintain appropriate levels of hormones in the blood
The term for the penis of a bull
A substance that is not active; it is used as a control in experiments
The organ of mammals that comes while a female is pregnant; may also be referred to as afterbirth
The retention of the placenta after the young has been born
The part of the placenta that carries the caruncle and cotyledon
The bottom of a back hoof
The act of walking on the whole bottom of the foot
The portion of the blood that carries certain nutrients and waste products; the liquid part
The ventral part of the shell of a turtle
A cell that aids in clotting
The membrane that lines the inside of a lung
A process in which fluid accumulates in the space between the layers of pleura
The area between the folds of the pleura; airtight
The process of surgically removing all or part of the pleura
A medical condition in which the pleura become inflamed
The term for teeth that are attached to the inside surface of the jaw on one side
Another word for pleurisy; involves inflammation of the pleurisy
A network of nerves and vessels that intersect with one another
The term for the feathers on a fowl bird
The puncture of the lung to draw out blood or air
A picture or film of the bladder after it has been filled with air
The removal of lung tissue through surgical means
A condition of the lungs involving inflammation and congestion
A medical condition in which gas or air collects in the pleural space
A condition of the cells; means that they are abnormally shaped
An inflammation in which the gray matter of the spine is inflamed
A medical condition involving frequent urination
A condition that involves multiple colors
A condition of different cells; means extra erythrocytes
More than the average number of digits or fingers
A medical condition involving excessive thirst
Having more than one heat cycle per season
Having more than one mate
Having more than one compartment to the stomach
Having more than one form
A nucleus with multiple shapes
A medical condition in which the smooth muscles become inflamed
A medical condition in which multiple nerves become inflamed
A growth in the surface of the body
Excessive eating or swallowing
An organism with more than two sets of basic chromosomes
Excess breathing or panting
The entrance of multiple sperm cells into the ovary upon fertilization
Giving birth to more than one offspring
A vaccine that is able to work against multiple agents; may also be referred to as a mixed vaccine
The bridge at the bottom of the brain; makes up the brainstem
The name for the species of pigs, hogs, etc.
An examination that occurs after the living thing has died
The period of time that occurs following a seizure
Anything that follows the birth of young
The period that immediately comes after the birthing process
Occurs after eating
After the kidney
The term for a young chicken or turkey
A wet dressing that is applied to an injury or swollen area
A type of domesticated fowl that is raised for meat or eggs
A gland at the bottom of the tail in birds where they dress their feathers
The time before a seizure occurs
The teeth found between the canine teeth and molars
Anything occurring before birth
Anything occurring before birth
The ability to give certain characteristics to offspring; unusually high ability to do so
A an animal who transmits features to its young in a high degree
The fold of skin over the top of the penis
Anything before the kidney
An erection of the penis that is not associated with sexual excitement
The term for a female that has given birth to one young
The very first pregnancy of a female animal
A long nose, like in a pig
A parent or ancestor of a particular animal
Offspring or children
A hormone that is created at the time of pregnancy
The parts of a tapeworm that do not involve the head
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
A hormone involving the secretion of milk
The falling forward of something, usually visceral
A condition where the uterus comes through the lips of the vulva
Condition in which the vulvae protrudes due to unusual pressure from birthing
Something that is used to prevent a disease
Prevention of something
The displacement of the eye
The gland around the urethra that secretes the fluid to allow sperm to move about
An inflammation of the prostate gland
A substitute for a missing limb or body part
A compound of organic acids; may contain carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, or oxygen
Protein found in the urine
One of the proteins in plasma used for clotting
The basic element of the cell, including the cytoplasm and nucleus
A unit of protoplasm in a cell
A group of organisms made up of only one cell; a one-celled animal
The type of feed that is dried and fed to domestic animals
A medical condition in which the stomach is inflamed; often occurs in chicks who grow in confinement.
The glandular stomach in certain birds
An analysis system that is used to determine the amount of nutrients in feed
Something that causes itching
A color in an animal’s coat that is white or very close to it
A group of birds, including parakeets, parrots, macaws, etc.
The eating of food without chewing, caused by anxiety—this can lead to being overweight
The feather in certain birds
Drooping or prolepsis of something
An enzyme found in saliva that aids in the digestion of starch
Excessive salivation at the mouth
Pertaining to the lungs
The flow of blood out of the heart into the lungs and back
The collection of fluid in the tissue of the lungs
The formation of fibers in the walls of the alveoli
Term used to refer to an animal that is one of the recognized, pure breeds
An agent that assists in the emptying of the bowels
A bruising of the skin that results from the hemorrhage into the skin
Anything that contains pus
A product made of fluid, cell waste, and cells
- A lesion on the skin that is filled with pus
Foul in smell; usually pertains to decay
An infection of the blood caused by the presence of organisms; animal may have abscesses about the body
A small opening or passage that connects the stomach and duodenum
A disease of the skin in which it emits pus
Anything that produces pus
The presence of pus in the uterus
The collection of pus in the pleural cavity
Shaped like a pear
The presence of pus in the urine
A group of four associated chromosomes
An animal having four feet
Traits that are controlled by a small number of genes, like horns, coat color, etc.
Traits that are not readily apparent and have to be measured in order to determine, like the rate of growth or the quality of the carcass
a condition in which an animal must be controlled in some manner in order to prevent a disease from spreading
A piece of leather that goes around the front foot of a horse to prevent striking with the hind foot
A clip that is placed on the horse shoe to prevent slippage; goes on the outside or inside of the quarters on the shoe
A split in the hoof wall of a horse du e to improper shoeing or trimming.
The various parts of the horse above the legs, like the hips
Fourth in sequence or order
Giving birth to young kittens
A medical condition; horses drop food out of their mouths while eating
A medical condition in which the coronet becomes festered
The end of the feather shaft
The colors that are used to mark a ram’s chest that rubs off on ewes once they have mated
A treatment of certain neoplasms that is administered using an x ray
A medical condition in which the nerves of the spine are inflamed
A record of body structures using an x-ray
A procedure of imaging internal body structures by exposing film
A person who specializes in the imaging of internal body structures after exposing them to ionized radiation
The study of the internal structures of the body as pertaining to ionizing radiation
Refers to something that appears black or gray when observed on a radiograph
Something that appears white or light grey on a radiograph
A jacket that is designed to prevent a ram from mating while still allowing it to run with the flock
A sheep (male) less than one year old
A mating system in which males and females have an equal chance of mating with one another
A sample taken from an area without particular regard to from who, so every living thing in that group has the same chance of being part of that sample
The term for an animal who lacks real muscular structure, very lean and leggy in appearance
A calf that is of very poor quality
The term used to refer to animals that scratch the ground
The amount of feed needed to sustain an animal
A female that is constantly in heat for some reason or another
The skin of cattle that has not been dressed
A whip that is made of rawhide
Any type of substance that is involved in a chemical reaction
The term for a trait that is overshadowed by a gene that is more dominant in nature
To bring something back to its original form by adding water
Anything having to do with the rectum
A way of determining pregnancy by inserting an arm into the rectum and feeling for the young
Pertaining to the rectum and vagina
Tail feathers used in flight
The very end of the large intestine
The position of lying down
The number of erythrocytes detected in every cubic millimeter of blood
Returning food that has been swallowed into the mouth; often results in vomiting
The return of food into the oral cavity after it has been swallowed
To control a horse with the reins; this includes stopping, directing, and guiding them
The act of repeating the act of insemination
A type of hormone that is produced at the time of birth; it is thought to provide assistance with relaxing of the birth canal during labor
The disappearance of the signs and symptoms of a particular disease; this is often used in association with cancer
A horse that is used to replace a horse that has been worn out or otherwise incapacitated
A collection of horses that have been broken
Anything having to do with the kidneys
The failure of the kidneys to perform their proper functions
A decrease in the amount of blood flowing to the kidneys
An animal that is raised to replace an older animal in a herd
The act of bearing fruit or bringing forth young
The number of respirations per minute; one respiration equals an inhalation and exhalation
A horse that is trained to obey the reins
A system of grazing in which parts of the range are used for grazing while others parts of the range are rested
A pasture that remains ungrazed for the span of the whole growing season
A feeding system in which food is only provided at certain points throughout the day
The restoration of life
A medical condition in which the mother animal fails to expel the placenta
The term for deciduous teeth that fail to fall out when they should
A pen that is designed for holding cattle and other animals when dipping, weighing, shearing, or anything else of that nature is taking place
The cranial portion of the fore stomach in ruminant animals; is often called the honeycomb due to its texture
The layer of the eye that is charged with receiving and processing images
A test of urine that is used to determine the presence of ketone and acetonemia in domestic animals
The end of the head containing the nose
A type of decay that is caused by fungus or bacteria
A pasture in a system of crop rotation that is grazed and then plowed to make room for other crops
A system of grazing in which pastures are rotated to allow for appropriate recovery
An animal’s coat that indicates lack of proper care by looking or being coarse or tangled
A type of animal feed that is high in fiber; may include hay or pasture crops
An unsegmented parasitic worm belonging to the Nematoda class
In equine terms, the wheel of points found on a spur
A type of long, protective sleeve and glove that is used to cover the arms during insemination or other work that requires such protection
Any type of substance that causes the skin to be red when it comes into contact with it
Not fully developed
A teat that is not fully developed and so may not be connected with the tissue responsible for the secretion of milk
A branch of study involving the processes of the rumen
The act of cutting into the rumen to make an observation or to remove something
An animal with a fore stomach that chews its cud
The act of chewing the cud
A series of functions pertaining to the digestive processes of ruminant animals
The rear end of an animal
To be loose and unrestricted
An animal that is born smaller than its siblings and is not used for breeding; this may be due to genetics
The season in which animals are in heat
A type of color on an animal; has a cream coat with black on the feet, tail, and face
A small sac found on the inside of the ear; has a great deal to do with balance
The removal of a sac-like body part by surgical means
The fourth in a sequence of fused vertebrae near the pelvis and the spinal cord
A type of wound on a horse that has resulted from the use of a saddle
A type of abrasion found on the back of a horse who has not been properly fitted with a saddle; may also indicate a sore on the rider due to the chafing caused by the saddle
A line (imaginary) that divides an animal’s body into right and left; does not have to be an equal line.
A type of neoplasm that occurs in connective tissue
Anything having to do with flesh or muscle
The term used to refer to a lack of desire to eat or have water
The bone in the pectoral that moves with the humerus; the shoulder blade
A gland found in the base of a snake’s tail used to secrete their scent
Has to do with an animal who has been castrated; refers to the swelling of the end of the spermatic cord and happens due to an infection.
The outer layer of the eye that helps it to keep its round shape; the eye white.
The process of dilating the blood vessels in the sclera
The medical condition that occurs when the sclera becomes irritated or inflamed
The part of a tapeworm that allows it to hold fast to its host
A cyst in the testicles; often filled with fluids
The sac that holds the testes; may also be referred to as the scrotal sac
Term used to refer to something that is covered in small scales
A type of horn that grows from the part of the skin where the horn would be on polled animals
The term used to indicate a deficiency of Vitamin C
A sac of fat; cysts are enclosed
A gland in the skin that is known to secrete oil (sebum)
A condition of the skin in which too much oil (sebum) is produced
A type of oil produced by the skin
A type of hormone that is produced in the intestine; it helps to control certain processes in the pancreas
The oozing or liberation of oil or liquid from cells or glands of living things
The placenta; the afterbirth of an animal
A type of drug that is known to calm an animal or put it to sleep
An involuntary action in which the muscles contract; caused by a problem with the brain
The process of breeding certain plants or animals for a desirable characteristic or set of characteristics that they possess.
An element found in trace amounts in soil; closely related to sulfur
The term used to refer to an animal that has a crescent on the grinding surface of their teeth; ruminant animals are a good example.
The white fluid produced by males in the testicles for reproduction
A gland that helps to create semen; it empties into the vas deferens
Tubes inside the testes through which semen travels
A membrane that is used in the diffusion of certain solutions but not others; it lets in certain materials but prevents others from being able to come in.
To be allergic to or sensitive to a certain vaccine or medication