Rottweiler Field Guide

PetMD Editorial
Updated: November 25, 2020
Published: October 26, 2018
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When people hear Rottweiler, they immediately think guard dog. Their unique color markings along with their powerful and sturdy build give them an imposing presence that has helped secure their reputation as an intimidating dog breed.

While their exact origin is not known, it is generally believed that Rottweilers are descendants of the drover dogs of ancient Rome. Drover dogs were used by the Roman army to herd cattle. The breed later fell out of use and almost went extinct, but in 1901, a concerted effort was made to revive the dog breed in Germany. Since then, Rottweilers have gained popularity as police dogs, guard dogs and working dogs.

However, since the introduction of this dog breed to the United States back in 1931, the Rottweiler dog has become a mainstay in America—not as a working dog, but as a family dog. Rottweiler lovers know that with responsible training and socialization, these canines make great family pets.