PetMD Seal

Slipped Disc, Bad Back, and Muscle Spasms in Dogs

4 min read

Treating IVDD in Dogs

 

Depending on the severity of the damage to the spinal cord, treatment can range from conservative to surgical. Conservative care usually includes treatment with drugs such as steroids and anti-inflammatories to reduce the swelling of the cord and reduce pain. The dog must also be kept confined in a crate or cage to prevent further damage from occurring for up to six weeks. After a period of resting, he may gradually return to normal activity.

 

If the damage is too severe and the dog is paralyzed or incontinent, conservative treatment may not be enough. In these cases, emergency surgery is needed to open up the space. This is done by removing a portion of the bony vertebrae over the spinal cord (laminectomy). Even after surgery, however, the dog may not recover fully.

 

Most of the animals with IVDD have spasms of the back muscles. Treatment for this symptom usually includes heat and massage techniques along with medications. Commonly used medications include diazepam and methocarbamol. Diazepam is a muscle relaxant which is also used to calm an animal and treat convulsions. Methocarbamol is another muscle relaxant effective in treating muscle spasms caused by IVDD. It acts directly on the nervous system instead of on the muscles themselves.

 

Managing IVDD in Dogs

 

Many of the dogs that have a mild to moderate case of IVDD will get feeling back in their legs and walk again. In addition, those that undergo surgery have a better chance of recovery if they are operated soon after initial diagnosis. Others recover but have subsequent bouts with IVDD if other discs burst later in life.

 

Rehabilitation of animals post-surgery is important to help dogs regain function and speed recovery. The quality of life for these animals can be good if given proper nursing care. Despite this, some dogs need a special cart (like a wheelchair for pets) made for them to be mobile and active again.

 

Preventing IVDD and Back Problems in Dogs

 

In dog breeds that are predisposed to IVDD, keeping them at a lower weight will help reduce the stress on their backbone and neck. Walking with a harness will keep stress off the neck, too, especially if the dog tends to pull on the leash. He or she should also have steps or ramps set up to get up on furniture and beds, as well as a quality diet to maintain optimum health.

 

Because of the congenital nature of this disease, your veterinarian will most likely recommend against breeding dogs with IVDD.

 

 

Related Articles

Neuropathic Pain in Dogs

Neuropathic pain commonly results from an injury or disease relating to the body’s nerves and how they function, or within the spinal cord itself.

READ MORE
Spinal Cord Disease in Dogs

Degenerative myelopathy is the general medical term that refers to the disease of the dog's spinal cord or bone marrow. The condition does not...

READ MORE
Paralysis in Dogs

When a dog is experiencing paralysis, it is often because communications between the spinal cord and the brain have been disrupted. In some cases,...

READ MORE
Front Leg Injury in Dogs

Dogs can experience a forelimb issue (sometimes referred to as brachial plexus avulsion) when they are hurt from jumping, have been in a road...

READ MORE