If your cat does not have blockage of the urethra, it will probably be managed on an outpatient basis, although diagnostic evaluation may require brief hospitalization. If your cat does have blockage of the urethra, it will most likely be hospitalized for diagnosis and management.
Most cats with FLUTD recover with a few days of pain medication and some environmental changes. Environmental changes include reducing exposure to stressors at home. This may be as simple as purchasing a plug-in Feliway diffuser, providing more opportunities for interactive play, or providing a quiet place for your cat to hide. If your cat has recurrent FLUTD, your veterinarian may recommend additional changes.
For cats with the persistent presence of crystals in the urine associated with plugs in the urethra that are causing blockage of the urethra, appropriate dietary management will be recommended.
Prescription cat food reduce the likelihood of recurrence of urinary signs. The goal is to promote flushing of the bladder and urethra by increasing urine volume. This dilutes the concentrations of toxins, chemical irritants, and substances that can add to the components that produce urinary tract stones, and that lead to inflammation of the bladder and urinary tract. Whether prescription pet urinary tract medications are used will depend upon the diagnosis.
Living and Management
Your veterinarian will want to continue to monitor blood in the urine by urinalysis, and will recommend a diet that will help with healing and prevent recurrence. It is wise to keep stress as low as possible for your cat, and you will need to be diligent in giving medications on the schedule prescribed by your veterinarian.
Signs of FLUTD generally subside within four to seven days of starting treatment. If they do not subside, you will need to return to your veterinarian for further treatment.
The means of preventing recurrence will depend upon diagnosis. If there is something in your pet's environment that is found to have brought the condition on, you will, of course, be advised to make changes.
Your veterinarian is dependent on you to help determine what that might be. If nothing can be specified, your veterinarian will discuss general changes you can make to keep your cat healthy and happy.
urinary tract infection
Also referred to as a UTI; a medical condition of the urinary tract and system in which the cells are damaged by microorganisms.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A tube found between the bladder and the outside of the body; used to assist in urination.
Relating to a disease of unknown origin, which may or may not have arisen spontaneously