What It Is
Spot-ons are insecticides that come in a small tube of liquid. The product is applied directly to the skin, usually over the shoulder blades or down the back.
Many, depending on the brand. Common active ingredients include: deltamethrin, dinotefuran, fipronil, imidacloprid, indoxacarb, permethrin, pyriproxifen, and selamectin.
How it Works
Spot-ons contain ingredients that are neurotoxins specific to adult parasites. Some products also contain ingredients to prevent larvae from developing. The oily liquid in which the medication is dissolved helps spread the product over the surface of the skin to the sebaceous glands. May kill as well as repel parasites.
How to Administer
Part the fur over the area where the treatment will be administered so it is applied directly to the skin. Make sure to follow instructions as to where the product should be given. Make sure the entire volume is squeezed out of the tube, as most of these treatments contain different volumes depending on the weight of the pet.
How Often to Administer
Most are administered once a month, though some products are safe to administer more frequently. Check with your veterinarian if the product seems to wear off towards the end of the month.
Do not bathe immediately before or after administering the treatment as this may decrease its efficacy. Keep children and other pets away from the pet until the product is completely dry. Make sure you use the correct dosage for your pet’s weight. Do not give any product labeled for dogs only to cats, as permethrin-containing products may be associated with toxicity in felines.
Fleas: Advantage, Cheristin
Fleas and Ticks: Activyl, Advantix, Frontline, Only Natural Pet, Parastar, Revolution, Vectra.