The Argentine Criollo is a small, muscular horse breed that originated in
The Criollo is one of the hardiest breeds ever known to man. Countless accounts of its tirelessness, endurance, and speed have been recorded and reached legendary status, making the Argentine Criollo one of the most trusted horses when it comes to long voyages.
Measuring about 14 hands tall (56 inches, 142 centimeters), the Argentine Criollo has a concave (sometimes straight) profile, heavily-muscled back and shoulders, and a brawny neck. Its croup is Barb-like, while its legs are striped, short, and powerful. The Argentine Criollo also has a thick mane and tail.
The preferred color of an Argentine Criollo is dun, though the breed may also be seen in a variety of other coat colors.
Personality and Temperament
Accustomed as it is to living in the wild and being highly independent, the Argentine Criollo is a bit aloof and untrusting. However, its history shows it to be adaptable. With proper handling and lots of patience, any breeder can start an Argentine herd.
The Argentine Criollo is a breed that requires the barest amount of care. In fact, it can be worked hard then left on its own to feed on whatever grass is available. It is also well-adapted to extreme temperatures. Furthermore, its years in the wild have made this horse one of the most resistant to common horse illnesses.
History and Background
The current Argentine Criollo breed can be said to be a result of tough natural selection. When the Spaniards came to
Through their years in the wild, the Spanish horses eventually evolved into considerably hardier animals. They had to adapt to their surroundings or they would perish in the harsh winter cold and the extremely arid summers of
Due to its remarkable stamina, endurance competitions among purebred Argentine Criollo horses are regularly held by the Criollo Breeders Association. In such events, horse and rider teams have to ride long distances. The rider is not allowed to carry feed for his horse; whatever grass it can scavenge for itself along the way becomes its sole source of sustenance. The horse and rider team that finishes the series of races first wins the competition. The Argentine Criollos that perform well in these endurance competitions become prime breeding stock because of the impressive stamina and endurance they have exhibited.
The Argentine Criollo also has a modern variant -- the result of crossbreeding between the purebred Criollo and the Thoroughbred from
The Argentine Criollo is still being bred in