Vet & Veterinary Terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

S

  • A type of color on an animal; has a cream coat with black on the feet, tail, and face

  • A small sac found on the inside of the ear; has a great deal to do with balance

  • The removal of a sac-like body part by surgical means

  • The fourth in a sequence of fused vertebrae near the pelvis and the spinal cord

  • A type of wound on a horse that has resulted from the use of a saddle

  • A type of abrasion found on the back of a horse who has not been properly fitted with a saddle; may also indicate a sore on the rider due to the chafing caused by the saddle

  • A line (imaginary) that divides an animal’s body into right and left; does not have to be an equal line.

  • A type of neoplasm that occurs in connective tissue

  • Anything having to do with flesh or muscle

  • The term used to refer to a lack of desire to eat or have water

  • The bone in the pectoral that moves with the humerus; the shoulder blade

  • A gland found in the base of a snake’s tail used to secrete their scent

  • Has to do with an animal who has been castrated; refers to the swelling of the end of the spermatic cord and happens due to an infection.

  • The outer layer of the eye that helps it to keep its round shape; the eye white.

  • The process of dilating the blood vessels in the sclera

  • The medical condition that occurs when the sclera becomes irritated or inflamed

  • The part of a tapeworm that allows it to hold fast to its host

  • A cyst in the testicles; often filled with fluids

  • The sac that holds the testes; may also be referred to as the scrotal sac

  • Term used to refer to something that is covered in small scales

  • A type of horn that grows from the part of the skin where the horn would be on polled animals

  • The term used to indicate a deficiency of Vitamin C

  • A sac of fat; cysts are enclosed

  • A gland in the skin that is known to secrete oil (sebum)

  • A condition of the skin in which too much oil (sebum) is produced

  • A type of oil produced by the skin

  • A type of hormone that is produced in the intestine; it helps to control certain processes in the pancreas

  • The oozing or liberation of oil or liquid from cells or glands of living things

  • The placenta; the afterbirth of an animal

  • A type of drug that is known to calm an animal or put it to sleep

  • An involuntary action in which the muscles contract; caused by a problem with the brain

  • The process of breeding certain plants or animals for a desirable characteristic or set of characteristics that they possess.

  • An element found in trace amounts in soil; closely related to sulfur

  • The term used to refer to an animal that has a crescent on the grinding surface of their teeth; ruminant animals are a good example.

  • The white fluid produced by males in the testicles for reproduction

  • A gland that helps to create semen; it empties into the vas deferens

  • Tubes inside the testes through which semen travels

  • A membrane that is used in the diffusion of certain solutions but not others; it lets in certain materials but prevents others from being able to come in.

  • To be allergic to or sensitive to a certain vaccine or medication

  • The sensory organs in the body, including those that deal with hearing, taste, touch, and smell

  • Nerves that send impulses regarding sense to the spine

  • An apparatus used to separate milk and cream by spinning it; the centrifugal force divides the two.

  • A medical condition; the contamination of a living thing by a harmful type of bacteria

  • A condition of the blood in which micro-organisms or harmful toxins are present in the system

  • A wall or partition that is designed to divide and separate

  • A piece of bone; may be fully attached or partially attached to the living bone.

  • The term used to refer to certain lab tests that use liquid blood parts to detect disease

  • The study of serum and the way it reacts to certain antigens

  • A condition in which serum collects underneath a surgical incision

  • A type of border in which the edge is jagged or saw-like

  • The term used to refer to those cells whose role is to support the growth of sperm in the testicles

  • A type of test used with virus infections; tests for the presence of certain antibodies with the help of using serum and mixing it with certain viruses.

  • A bone; this bone may be found embedded in a tendon or some type of joint

  • Types of bristles that grow atop the heads of certain species of bird; may be referred to simply as bristles

  • The differences between members of each sex, including physical and behavioral differences

  • An instance in which an animal fails to mature fully when it comes to sexuality

  • The calf area; the part of the body that connects the ankle and the knee

  • A brush that is used to take the dead hairs out of the coat of a given animal

  • The term for a pig between 60 and 160 pounds; may belong to either sex

  • A young hog weighing less than 150 pounds.

  • A medical condition in a horse’s foot; may also be referred to as shell bone.

  • A fold in the penis of certain animals that is shaped like an S when flaccid and straightens out when the penis is erect.

  • A lump of tissue inside the right atrium; it helps to regulate the beat of the heart

  • A cavity within a bone; may also indicate a flow or channel

  • A medical condition; occurs when the sinus becomes inflamed

  • An incision into a sinus

  • The male parent of an offspring

  • A craving of food, may relate to other medical conditions

  • A type of bird that broods once or twice each year

  • A muscle that is involved in voluntary movement

  • A color of a horse’s coat; has to do with white spots on a colored coat (all except black)

  • A growth on the skin that hangs from the body by a piece of skin

  • A condition of birds caused by disruption in a nutritional plane; causes crippling

  • The term used for the saliva that drips from the mouth of an animal; may be due to excitement or medical reasons

  • A type of wet feed that is made by the mixing of surplus dairy products and mill products, like crushed grain and skim milk; often fed to pigs

  • A type of gait in a horse; a canter.

  • A type of fatty substance that is often found in the sheath of male animals; may close off the passage of urine.

  • A type of control of horses used when breaking them in for training

  • The term used to refer to the flesh at the bottom of the beak of a turkey; may be called a dew bill.

  • The term used for the area of the animal’s face that has the nose and jaws

  • Something that is used to refer to the tissues of the body

  • The number of certain cells in milk; used to test for mastitis

  • A picture of the internal body organs that is created by recording the pulses and echoes made by sound waves.

  • An intact pig or guinea pig of the female sex.

  • The contractions of skeletal muscles; involuntary

  • A type of disease that affects the rear legs of a horse; characterized by a type of growth on the leg

  • To take the ovaries and uterus out of female animals; makes them unable to reproduce.

  • A system in which animals are birthed through C-section and raised away from other animals to prevent the spread of certain pathogens

  • A type of instrument used to make a body cavity or canal larger

  • The sex cell of male animals; created in the testicles

  • The tissue that holds up the testicles and contains the vas deferens, nerves, and muscles of the male reproductive organs.

  • One of the cells that are created in the male gamete.

  • The production of sperm cells in male animals

  • The term for a type of cell that is used in the production of sperm in the testes.

  • The term for the male sex cell; plural form of the word is spermatozoa

  • A ring-shaped muscle that is used to close and open an opening

  • Anything having to do with the spine or vertebrae

  • The space that holds the spinal cord inside the spinal column.

  • The term used to refer to the threads of protoplasm that are found within a given cell during mitosis.

  • The vertebral column in an animal; the back bone.

  • Bacteria that is shaped like a spiral

  • A type of instrument that measure the way that air flows into and out of the lungs

  • A fault in certain animals in which the front hooves are turned out and the heels point inward.

  • Tissue inside the abdomen; it helps to filter toxins out of the blood and stores red blood cells

  • A surgical procedure in which the spleen is removed.

  • A condition in which the spleen becomes enlarged

  • A type of instrument that is used to affix parts of the body that might normally move; used to promote healing

  • A medical condition in which the vertebrae become inflamed

  • A condition in which the vertebrae degenerate; usually has to do with more than one vertebrae

  • A type of disease that occurs in scattered cases

  • A type of protozoa; may be any of a number of types with varied life cycles.

  • A small stage of parasites, includes malaria, coccidian and others

  • The treatment of a certain chemical to an area where it is more heavily infected

  • A bull that is used to designate female cows who are in estrus; this bull is sterile

  • A strain of a joint; causes pain and swelling

  • The act of urinating on objects or areas as a method of marking territory

  • The term for an animal who has the ability to carry a disease or parasite

  • The term for a young chicken, usually only a few months old.

  • Changes that occur in ruminant animals that give the indication that the time of birth is impending

  • The term for a ferret that has been spayed

  • The term used for phlegm that is ejected from the mouth; it is secreted in the lower respiratory tract

  • The term used to refer to a horse whose gait is straight and on all four of its feet

  • A horse that is four years of age or older; a stallion is intact

  • A large rush of animals that occurs due to frightening of some kind

  • A device that is fastened around a cow’s neck to make it easier to milk, feed, or perform a medical examination

  • A type of bacteria, round in shape

  • A means of sealing wound that involves steel staples as a method of closing an incision

  • A fatty acid that is used often in butter and other types of fat; may also be used in the creation of certain types of soap and other chemicals

  • A disease in which the fat becomes inflamed; also called yellow fat disease

  • The act of making an opening narrower.

  • Nostrils that are narrow or have been narrowed

  • A device that can be implanted into a blood vessel to keep it from collapsing

  • The word for the bone at the front of the rib cage; may also be referred to as the breast bone

  • The term for a type of medication that impacts immunity, metabolism, sexual characteristics, and other such elements of a living thing

  • One of the members of a group of alcohols, such as cholestero

  • The term for the joint between the femur and tibia (knee cap)

  • Anything that produces an action or reaction

  • A type of cloth that is used during or after surgery as a type of bandage

  • A mouth; an opening

  • A medical condition in which the mouth becomes inflamed

  • The material that comes out at the end of the digestive process; waste or feces

  • A medical condition in which one or both of the eyes are deviated from one another

  • The term used to indicate an animal whose ancestry is noted and can be closely followed; thoroughbred

  • A medical condition in which urination is slow or painful

  • A type of round-shaped bacteria that creates twisted chains

  • The quality of having grooves or ridges of color

  • Striped in color or texture

  • A band of tissue that makes a passage narrower

  • Something that is erect

  • The distance between impressions on the ground of the same foot

  • The adult tapeworm

  • The tissue that supports any given organ

  • A type of drug that is used to temporarily paralyze an animal so they can be caught

  • A type of condition that falls in between acute and chronic

  • Term denotes something that is found beneath the collar bone

  • Does not show any signs of a disease

  • Found underneath the dermis

  • Found beneath the skin

  • A collection of blood beneath the dura mater and on top of the arachnoid membrane

  • The space between the dura mater and the arachnoid membrane

  • Something that is slightly less than fatal in its effects

  • Implies that something is underneath the tongue

  • The displacement of the bone from its joint

  • Underneath the lower part of the jaw

  • Underneath the upper part of the jaw

  • Any type of juice or fluid that comes from an organism

  • A type of fat that comes from the abdomen of a ruminant animal

  • A fissure or groove

  • A condition in which more than the standard number of nipples are found on an animal

  • A condition in which more than the normal number of ovulations take place during a single cycle; may be due to the administration of hormones

  • The act of rotating something so that it is facing up

  • Facing up; prostrate

  • A pasture that is used during emergencies or to augment the use of an existing pasture

  • The process in which pus is formed

  • Something in which pus is discharged or formed

  • A strap that goes around a horse or other such animal; used to help hold a load

  • Any liquid that helps to release the surface tension on the lungs

  • The gland that is known to produce and secrete sweat

  • A relationship between two organisms in which the relationship benefits both parties

  • A type of relationship in which both parties are benefited

  • The part of the nervous system that allows the body to react to a stressful situation

  • A part where two bones are held together and can work together as one bone

  • Fainting; the respiratory and circulatory systems are suspended for a time

  • Indicates things that are able to work together

  • The process that occurs when two gametes come together

  • A type of joint that is able to move

  • A medical condition in which the synovial membrane becomes inflamed

  • Something that is artificially created

  • The term used to refer to a bird’s voice organ

  • Something that is related to the whole body and not just one particular part or organ

  • The flow of blood to the whole body

  • The term used to refer to contraction of the ventricles of the heart