Baytril

PetMD Editorial
Written by:
PetMD Editorial
Published: November 7, 2012

Drug Info

  • Common Name: Baytril®
  • Drug Type: Fluoroquinolone antibiotic
  • Used For: Bacterial infections
  • Species: Dogs, Cats
  • Administered: Injectable, 22.7 mg and 68 mg tablets, Ear medication
  • FDA Approved: Yes

Baytril for Dogs and Cats

Enrofloxacin (Baytril) is an antibiotic used to treat difficult bacterial infections in pets. It is effective against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterias. Previously, Pseudomonas and Staphylococcus bacterias were very difficult to treat, but Enrofloxacin proves effective against them. It is commonly used for skin infections and ear infections.

How It Works

Enrofloxacin works by preventing bacteria from being able to transcribe DNA. Enrofloxacin makes it impossible for the enzyme associated with this task to read or uncoil the DNA, therefore killing the bacteria.

Storage Information

Store in a tightly sealed container at room temperature.

Missed Dose?

Give the dose as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose, and continue with the regular schedule. Do not give your pet two doses at once.

 

Side Effects and Drug Reactions

Enrofloxacin may result in these side effects:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Lethargy
  • Convulsions
  • Seizures in pets with CNS disorders
  • Cataracts if given long-term

Enrofloxacin may react with these drugs:

  • Aminoglycoside antibiotics
  • Antacids
  • Cephalosporin antibiotics
  • Rimadyl (and other NSAIDs)
  • Penicillin
  • Aminophylline
  • Cyclosporine
  • Nitrourantoin
  • Sucralfate
  • Theophylline



DO NOT ADMINISTER THIS DRUG TO PREGNANT PETS - Enrofloxacin has detrimental effects on growing joints and bones.

DO NOT ADMINISTER THIS DRUG TO DOGS UNDER ONE YEAR OF AGE - Enrofloxacin has detrimental effects on growing joints and bones.

USE CAUTION WHEN ADMINISTERING THIS DRUG TO PETS WITH KIDNEY DISEASE, LIVER DISEASE, OR PETS WITH CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDERS

USE CAUTION WHEN ADMINISTERING THIS DRUG TO CATS - Use with extreme caution and only with the recommendation of an experienced veterinarian when giving this drug to cats, especially those with pre-existing kidney failure.


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