The Heilongkiang horse was developed through an intricate crossbreeding system, the result of which was a sturdy horse that could can adapt to various working environments.
The Heilongkiang breed is known for its good stature. Both its withers and croup are well-proportioned. The hooves, fetlock joints, and hocks of the Heilongkiang are also sturdy, making it resistant to exhaustion. More than half of the population of the Heilongkiang horse breed comprises the riding-draft type. The other half is made up of the draft-riding type. The two main coat colors of this breed are bay and chestnut.
Because of its stable and sturdy physique, the Heilongkiang breed is generally characterized by endurance and strength. It has a strong resistance against common diseases, as it can adapt easily to changing temperatures. Due to its great endurance and strong constitution, it is able to survive and continue working even in conditions of extreme cold and poor forage. Minimal care is therefore required by the Heilongkiang.
History and Background
The Heilongkiang breed originated from the Song-liao plain, a province in
Traditionally, Song-liao is an agricultural region. Song-liao’s pleasant topography has made its soil rich and very fertile. Song-liao’s dependency on agriculture prompted the need for horses suited to the demands of the land. To answer this need, cross-breeding schemes were developed. Records show that horse breeds such as the
According to local records, the horse breeds that have the greatest influence on the Heilongkiang are the
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