By PetMD Editorial on Jan. 3, 2010

The Kirgiz horse breed derives its name from its place of origin, Kirgizia – a territory that used to belong to the former Soviet Union. This rare horse is usually used for riding.  It is also used for light draft work.


Physical Characteristics


The Kirgiz is a small horse: on average, it stands between 12.3 and 14 hands high (49-56 inches, 125-142 centimeters). It has a straight, large head. Nevertheless, the head is well-set and firmly attached to a short and muscular neck.


The withers of the Kirgiz are not very prominent. The back is usually straight, the croup is sloped and the trunk shaped rather like a barrel. The legs of the horse are short and stable. The hooves are notably tough and hardy, making the Kirgiz a horse that copes well with traveling shoeless across rough terrain.


The Kirgiz horse comes in various colors, predominantly bay and gray. It is also slow to mature; it reaches maturity only after 12 years.




The Kirgiz is a hardy mountain horse. Hardened and honed as it is by its natural environment, it can withstand severe weather conditions that could be fatal to other horses.


Nevertheless, Kirgiz horses need all the help they can get so their survival will be assured. During the long winter, the horses need lots of body fat to give them warmth and energy. It is therefore ideal to let a Kirgiz horse gain weight during the summer so that it can be adequately prepared to wait out the long winter cold ahead. This should not be too hard, anyway, since the Kirgiz not only has great endurance; it also has modest feeding requirements.


History and Background


Historically, Kirgiz horses were common. There were great numbers of them in Kirgizia.  The horses flourished because they were tough. They could take care of themselves since they were highly adapted to the harsh climatic conditions and rugged terrain of Kirgizia.  However, certain factors led to the depletion of their numbers.


The depletion of the Kirgiz horse breed can be attributed mainly to experimental breeding efforts.  Breeders wanted to improve the horse. Specifically they wanted to increase the Kirgiz horse’s size.  In line with this, they crossed the Kirgiz with other breeds including the Kazakh and Tadzik horses. These wide-scale breeding experimentation efforts have laid waste to the pure Kirgiz horse breed. There is hope, however, for some of the pure Kirgiz horses do still remain.

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