PetMD Seal

Herpesvirus in Dog Pups

2 min read

Canine Herpesvirus Infection (CHV) in Dogs

 

This infection is a systemic, usually fatal disease in young pups caused by the canine herpesvirus (CHV). Found worldwide, CHV especially causes high mortality rates in pups (two to three weeks old) due to their immature immune systems and poor temperature regulation. In fact, it rarely affects dogs older than three to four weeks.

 

Although any breed can be affected, purebred dogs are more prone, as are young pregnant females and their pups. Herpesvirus infections are also a leading cause of fetal death and spontaneous abortion.

 

Symptoms and Types

 

The following signs should be taken seriously, as the onset of symptoms is sudden and death can occur just 12 to 36 hours afterward:

 

  • Nasal discharge
  • Difficulty breathing (dyspnea)
  • Severe gasping (in terminal animals)
  • Loss of appetite (anorexia)
  • Soft, odorless stool that is grayish, yellow, or green in color
  • Persistent and distressing crying
  • Eye inflammation 

           

Causes

 

This infection is caused by the canine herpesvirus (CHV).

 

 

 

Diagnosis

 

You will need to give a thorough history of your dog’s health to your veterinarian, including the onset and nature of the symptoms. He or she will then perform a complete physical examination as well as a complete blood count, biochemistry profile, and urinalysis -- the results of which are typically within normal ranges. In some dogs, however, a decreased number of platelet cells (which are responsible blood clotting) may be observed. Otherwise, your veterinarian will attempt to isolate the causative virus by conducting cell cultures or frozen tissue examinations.

 

 

Related Articles

'Mad Itch' Pseudorabies Virus Infection in Cats

The pseudorabies virus infection (or Aujeszky's disease) is an uncommon but highly fatal disease found in cats, especially those that come into...

READ MORE
Feline Herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1) Infection - Head Cold in Cats

Feline rhinotracheitis virus (FHV-1) infection is a respiratory infection of the nose and throat in cats. Cats of all ages are susceptible, but...

READ MORE
Cat Leukemia (Feline Leukemia Virus)

Feline leukemia virus, known as FeLV or simply cat leukemia, is the leading cause of death in household cats. Learn about the symptoms and treatment...

READ MORE
Liver Fluke Infestation in Cats

The cat liver fluke, also known as Opisthorchis felineus, is a trematode parasite that lives in water. It hitches a ride with an intermediate...

READ MORE