Hi stranger! Signing up for MypetMD is easy, free and puts the most relevant content at your fingertips.

Get Instant Access To

  • 24/7 alerts for pet-related recalls

  • Your own library of articles, blogs, and favorite pet names

  • Tools designed to keep your pets happy and healthy



or Connect with Facebook

By joining petMD, you agree to the Privacy Policy.

PetMD Seal

Bartonella Infection in Dogs

ADVERTISEMENT

Canine Bartonellosis

 

Bartonellosis is an emerging infectious bacterial disease in dogs, caused by the gram-negative bacteria Bartonella, which may affect cats and humans as well. In humans, infection of the Bartonella bacterium is also known as cat scratch disease (CSD), though it may not have necessarily been acquired through a cat's scratch or bite.

 

The Bartonella spp bacterium is transmitted to dogs via fleas, sand flies, lice, and ticks. Herding and hunting dogs are at higher risk due to increased exposure to vectors like sand flies, lice, fleas, and ticks. Another important aspect of this disease is that both dogs and humans share a common spectrum of clinical symptoms.

 

This is a zoonotic disease, meaning that it can be transmitted between animals and humans. Fortunately, this disease is not fatal for humans, but it still poses great risks to immunocompromised patients, such as those with the AIDS virus, or those undergoing chemical treatment.

 

Symptoms and Types

 

The majority of human patients are less than 21 years of age. The following symptoms are commonly seen in humans:

 

  • Red papule (small sized solid bump) at bite or scratched site
  • Painful lymph nodes of involved area
  • Shivering and chills
  • Malaise
  • Lack of appetite
  • Pain in muscles
  • Nausea
  • Altered brain functions
  • Inflammation of conjunctiva of eye (pink eye)
  • Hepatitis

 

Symptoms in dogs include:

 

  • Fever
  • Enlargement of spleen and liver
  • Lameness
  • Swelling and inflammation of lymph nodes
  • Inflammation of heart’s muscles
  • Inflammation and irritation of nose
  • Inflammation of eye
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Cough
  • Seizures
  • Arthritis
  • Nasal discharge and /or nose bleed
  • Inflammation of brain
  • Many other symptoms similar to that in humans

 

Causes

 

  • Bacterium Bartonella infection
  • History of flea or tick infestation
  • Transmission in dogs is through sand flies, lice, ticks and flea exposure
  • Dogs living in rural environments are at increased risk
  • Transmission of the disease from dogs to humans is suspected to be through bites

 

Diagnosis

 

There is usually a history of dog bite in affected humans. Symptoms of infection of the Bartonella bacterium include a characteristic papule at the site of the bite wound.

 

If your dog is suspected of being infected with Bartonella spp., your veterinarian will conduct a complete examination, which will include laboratory ordered blood tests, a biochemistry profile, and a urinalysis.

 

Various abnormalities may be present, such as a decreased number of platelets (the cells required for blood clotting), or anemia. An increased number of white blood cells (WBCs), or leukocytosis may also be evident in blood testing. Biochemistry profiling may reveal abnormal liver enzymes and a decreased concentration of albumin (a protein in blood) in affected dogs. Confirmation of the presence of Bartonella spp. will also involve a positive result from growing, or culturing the organisms from a sample of infected blood. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test is a more advanced method for detecting bacterial DNA using a sample of tissue taken from lesion.

 

 

 

Related Articles

Intestinal Parasite (Coccidia) in Dogs
Coccidiosis is a parasitic type of infection, caused by the coccidium, that most...
READ MORE
Bacterial Infection (Tularemia) in Dogs
Tularemia is a zoonotic bacterial disease that is occasionally seen in dogs. It is...
READ MORE
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever in Dogs
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is one of the most commonly known tick-borne diseases...
READ MORE
  • Lifetime Credits:
  • Today's Credits:
Hurry Before All Seats are Taken!
Enroll
Be an A++ Pet Parent! Take fun & free courses to earn badges & certifications. Choose a course»

Latest In Dog Nutrition

5 Reasons Life Stage Diets Help Improve Pet ...
Balanced and complete nutrition is important for any animal. However, the nutritional...
READ MORE
Does My Senior Dog Need Special Dog Food?
Whether or not your senior dog needs special dog food depends, to a large extent,...
READ MORE
How Obesity May Shorten Your Pet's Lifespan
Obesity is a nationwide epidemic for our pets. Unfortunately, being obese can shorten...
READ MORE
Around the Web
MORE FROM PETMD.COM