Prolapsed Gland of the Third Eyelid in Dogs
Prolapsed gland of the eyelid refers to a pink mass protruding from the animal's eyelid; it is also called a "cherry eye." Normally, the gland development is anchored by an attachment made up of fibrous material.
This medical condition occurs in both dogs and cats, although it typically affects younger animals. If you would like to learn how this disease affects cats, please visit this page in the PetMD health library.
Symptoms and Types
The most common sign of "cherry eye" is an oval mass protruding from the dogs's third eyelid. It can occur in one or both eyes, and may be accompanied by swelling and irritation.
"Cherry eye" is most commonly associated with a congenital weakness of the gland's attachment in the dog's eye. However, it is not known whether the condition is inherited.
The veterinarian will review the mass in the dog's third eyelid and determine if there is an underlying cause for the condition. The diagnosis of the prolapsed gland could be scrolled or everted cartilage in the third eyelid, abnormal cells in the third eye, or a prolapse of fat in the dog's eye.
Treatment often includes surgical replacement of the gland in the dog's eye, or removal of the entire gland if the condition is severe. Conversely, if medications are recommended, they are typically topical anti-inflammatory drugs that are effective in reducing swelling.
Living and Management
It is important to prevent the gland from developing into a prolapse -- thus falling out of its proper place in the eye -- and reduce the recurrence of the disease.
There are currently no known preventative measures for this medical condition.