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The feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection is a complex retrovirus that causes immunodeficiency disease in domestic cats. Immunodeficiency is the medical term used to describe the body’s inability to develop a normal immune response. FIV is slow moving, capable of lying dormant in the body before causing symptoms (lentivirus). It is in the same class of viruses as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the causative agent of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in people.
There is no genetic susceptibility for infection, although genetics may play a role in the progression and severity of the disease. The average age is five years at the time of diagnosis, and the likelihood of infection increases with age. FIV is a transmissible disease that occurs more often in males because of their tendency to be more aggressive, and because they are more likely to roam, thereby increasing their exposure to the virus.
Your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical exam on your cat, taking into account the background history of symptoms and possible incidents that might have precipitated this condition. A complete blood profile will be conducted, including a chemical blood profile, a complete blood count, and a urinalysis. Your doctor will need to rule out bacterial, viral, or fungal infections, and will also test for parasites and tumors before settling on a final diagnosis.
A term for a type of neoplasm that is made up of lymphoid tissue; these masses are usually malignant in nature
a condition in which an animal must be controlled in some manner in order to prevent a disease from spreading
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
Any tissue belonging to the lymphatic system
The white fluid produced by males in the testicles for reproduction
An increase in the number of bad white blood cells
The study of the laws of inheritance n living things; may also be referred to as breeding
A disorder that has resulted from intraocular pressure
The colored layer around the pupil
The digestive tract containing the stomach and intestine
Anything pertaining to the blood vessel system in the body