Clindamycin is an antibiotic used to prevent and treat bacterial infections in pets. It is also effective in treating some protozoal diseases including Toxoplasma. This drug is mostly used to treat diseases of the skin, mouth, bone, and respiratory tract. It is most effective against gram-positive bacteria, which are characterized by their lack of outer membrane and thin peptidoglycan layer.
How It Works
Clindamycin works mostly by stopping growth of bacteria, although it does sometimes kill the bacteria. Clindamycin halts bacterial growth by inhibiting protein synthesis in the cell.
Tablets and capsules are to be kept in a tightly sealed container at room temperature. Oral liquid (reconstituted powder) is to be kept at room temperature. Some formulations may only be good for 14 days after mixing, read the drug label carefully.
Give the dose as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose, and continue with the regular schedule. Do not give your pet two doses at once.
Side Effects and Drug Reactions
Clindamycin may result in these side effects:
- Allergic reaction (labored breathing, hives, etc)
- Severe diarrhea (may contain blood)
- Loss of appetite
Clindamycin may react with these drugs:
USE CAUTION WHEN ADMINISTERING THIS DRUG TO PREGNANT PETS OR PETS WITH KIDNEY OR LIVER DISEASE
DO NOT USE CLINDAMYCIN IN RABBITS, GUINEA PIGS, OR RODENTS