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Medical treatment for kneecap dislocation has very little effectiveness; surgery is the preferred treatment of choice for severe cases. Surgery can correct both the affected structures and the movement of the kneecap itself, and in 90 percent of cases, frees the dog from lameness and dysfunction.
The kneecap may be fastened on the outside of the bone to prevent it from sliding towards the inside. Alternatively, the groove of the thigh bone may be deepened so that it can better hold the kneecap.
Follow-up treatment after successful surgery will include leash walk exercise for one month (avoid jumping) and yearly examinations to check for progress. It is important that pet owners are aware that there is a high possibility of recurrence (48 percent), although the dislocation will be considerably less severe than the original incidence. Because kneecap dislocation is genetically inherited, the breeding of affected dogs is highly discouraged.
There are currently no known preventative measures for this medical condition.
The term for the knee cap
The term for the joint between the femur and tibia (knee cap)
Any growth or organ on an animal that is not normal
Any type of pain or tenderness or lack of soundness in the feet or legs of animals
A medical condition in which the joints become inflamed and causes a great deal of pain.
Term used to refer to an animal in its regular standing position.
The dislocation of a bone from the joint