Cats with peritonitis should be hospitalized in the intensive care unit for fluid and electrolyte therapy. Your pet's diet will need to be changed to a low-sodium diet if an underlying heart disease is detected. If the cat is in need of nutritional support, a feeding tube can be placed directly into the digestive tract, or feedings can be administered by injection (parenteral). Once the cat has been stablized, your veterinarian will begin to prescribe and administer medication.
If your cat has a bacterial or chemical peritonitis, surgery will be required to resolve the condition. These are serious conditions, and many animals may die despite having surgical treatment. Bloodwork will be repeated every one to two days, or as your doctor deems necessary, while your cat is in the intensive care unit.
Living and Management
If your cat needs to undergo surgery, or if it needs time to heal from a trauma to the abdomen, allow it a quiet and safe space to recover, away from active children and other pets. During recovery, your pet will need to be given a diet that will not place stress on the abdomen.
Ask your veterinarian for advice on dietary changes you may need to make for your cat, and whether the changes need to be made for a short duration, or for the lifetime of your pet.
The membrane that covers the wall of the abdomen and pelvic area
The administration of something through a route other than the normal route, which is through the gastro intestinal tract
A medical condition in which the peritoneum becomes inflamed
A product made of fluid, cell waste, and cells
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A gland that aids in both digestive and insulin functions
The gland around the urethra that secretes the fluid to allow sperm to move about
Irritating tissue with a great deal of some type of fluid
A localized infection, usually a lesion filled with pus. Can be large or small in size.
Abdominocentesis is a procedure in which a needle is inserted into the abdomen of the animal to remove fluid. In most cases, abdominocentesis is used to make a diagnosis of some sort in a sick animal.
The fluid created by the liver that helps food in the stomach to be digested.
The amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries.
The whole system involved in digestion from mouth to anus
The space in the abdomen that holds the major digestive organs in an animal. Normally referred to as the area between the diaphragm and the pelvis. Also referred to as the peritoneal cavity.