Hi stranger! Signing up for MypetMD is easy, free and puts the most relevant content at your fingertips.

Get Instant Access To

  • 24/7 alerts for pet-related recalls

  • Your own library of articles, blogs, and favorite pet names

  • Tools designed to keep your pets happy and healthy



or Connect with Facebook

By joining petMD, you agree to the Privacy Policy.

PetMD Seal

Hernia Between the Pericardium and Peritoneum in Cats

ADVERTISEMENT

Peritoneopericardial Diaphragmatic Hernia in Cats

 

Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia is a congenital defect that affects the communication between the peritoneum (membrane that forms the lining of abdominal cavity) and pericardium (double-wall sac containing the heart). Like other hernias, the protrusion of the septum affects the surrounding area -- in this case, the abdomen.

 

Symptoms and Types

 

Symptoms will largely depend on the amount on the amount and nature of abdominal contents herniated. Some common ones include:

 

 

Causes

 

Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia occurs at the embryologic stage, and is considered a prenatal defect.

 

Diagnosis

 

You will need to give a thorough history of your cat’s health, including the onset and nature of the symptoms, to your veterinarian. He or she will then perform a complete physical examination, as well a biochemistry profile, urinalysis, and complete blood count (CBC) -- the results of which are typically normal.

 

 

Abnormalities visible on X-rays ultimately depend on size and amount of herniated abdominal contents. More advanced techniques, like contrast peritoneography, are also used for a more detailed evaluation, whereby contrast medium (chemical) is given by injection into the peritoneal cavity and then X-rayed at different angles. Another technique commonly employed for confirmation of diagnosis is echocardiography.

 

 

 

Related Articles

Stem Cell Disorders Due to Abnormal ...
Myelodysplastic syndromes are a group of disorders affecting the cat's hematopoietic...
READ MORE
Fluid Buildup in the Sac Surrounding the ...
Pericardial effusion is a condition in which an abnormally large amount of fluid...
READ MORE
Abnormal Diaphragm Opening in Cats
Diaphragmatic hernias occur when an abdominal organ (such as the stomach, liver,...
READ MORE
  • Lifetime Credits:
  • Today's Credits:
Hurry Before All Seats are Taken!
Enroll
Be an A++ Pet Parent! Take fun & free courses to earn badges & certifications. Choose a course»
Around the Web
MORE FROM PETMD.COM