Most cats with this condition require immediate intensive care and hospitalization to prevent complete heart failure. Hospitalization is also necessary to minimize the stress and pain associated with this disease. Cats with breathing problems require oxygen therapy to reduce the stress of rapid breathing and to allow achieving required levels of oxygen in the blood.
Thrombolytics medications, which are used to dissolve the blood, are essential for treatment. Cats that do not respond to conventional treatment, however, will require surgery to remove the blood clot. Your veterinarian will also give pain killers to reduce the severe pain associated with this disease.
Living and Management
Unfortunately, the prognosis for most cats with aortic thromboembolism is not good. Even with treatment, clots can again develop and block the aorta. If blood supply to the legs are not restored quickly, permanent muscular abnormalities may develop in the affected limb.
Cats recovering from aortic thromboembolism should not be allowed to move and should be placed in a stress-free environment, away from other pets and active children. Severe pain is a common symptom associated with this disease and many cats find it difficult to urinate due to problems with their posture. You may need to gently press your cat's bladder to assist in urination. In addition, most affected cats find it difficult to eat and may require new foods to tempt the palate. This lack of appetite (anorexia) may lead to further complications. Seek your veterinarian's advice for dietary changes.
Lastly, closely monitor your cat and watch for bleeding, which may occur due to the type of medications frequently used in the treatment of this disease. If you observe any sort of bleeding, immediately call your veterinarian.
To monitor the progress of treatment, frequent checkups and laboratory tests will be required. If the cat does not respond to treatment, your veterinarian may recommend euthanizing the animal due to the severe complications.
Image: Timolina via Shutterstock
The term for a quick heartbeat
Something that is related to the whole body and not just one particular part or organ
The collection of blood that is attached to the inside of a wall or vein
The product of protein being metabolized; can be found in blood or urine.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A condition of the blood in which micro-organisms or harmful toxins are present in the system
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
A procedure that is used to evaluate the health and structures of the heart
A substance that causes chemical change to another
The term used to describe the movement of an animal
Any type of pain or tenderness or lack of soundness in the feet or legs of animals
The name of the main artery that starts in the left ventricle of an animal's four chamber heart.