Nose Pad Cancer (Squamous Cell Carcinoma) in Cats
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasal Planum in Cats
Squamous cell carcinoma is a malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cells. In this case, it is a tumor of the nasal planum or the tissues in the nose pad. This tumor is more common in cats than dogs. Exposure to inhaled chemicals increases the risk of nasal tumors, including indoor use of coal, cigarettes, and air fresheners.
Symptoms and Types
You will need to give your veterinarian a thorough medical history of your cat's health and onset of symptoms. Your veterinarian will perform a physical examination with full laboratory testing, including complete blood tests, biochemical profiles, and urinalysis. The results of these tests are usually normal in affected patients. While metastasis is rarely seen in the lungs, your veterinarian may take thoracic X-rays to evaluate for metastasis into the lungs. Other conditions your doctor will look for are dental diseases, rhinitis (bacterial and viral), aspergillosis, or cryptococcosis.
For an appropriate diagnosis to be made, your veterinarian will need to take tissue and fluid samples from the affected area. Your veterinarian will also take samples from the lymph nodes to detect whether metastasis is occurring. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scans may provide more information about the extent of the tumor, as well as to help in surgical resection of the tumor.
A treatment of certain neoplasms that is administered using an x ray
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
An involuntary action in which the muscles contract; caused by a problem with the brain.
Pertaining to the chest
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
The growth of pathogens away from the original site of the disease
Something that becomes worse or life threatening as it spreads
The excessive production of tears
A bloody nose
Medicines that can be inhaled
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
Anything that looks different from what is considered to be normal and healthy for that species
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