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Antibiotics can be prescribed initially, and will be changed, if necessary, according to the results of the dog's urine culture and sensitivity profile. Surgery should be considered if your dog has pyelonephritis in the upper urinary tract, or if the urinary tract is obstructed.
If kidney stones are present, surgery should be performed to remove them, unless your veterinarian finds that the stones can be removed by dissolving them via a diet change (this only works for struvite kidney stones), or by using shock wave therapy to fragment them and allow them to pass from the animal's body.
To ensure progress is being made, your veterinarian will schedule a follow-up appointment and perform a urinalysis and urine cultures on your dog one week after antibiotic treatment has begun. These tests are then repeated once the antibiotic course has ended -- at one and at four weeks -- to make certain the dog is not in remission.
A medical condition; the contamination of a living thing by a harmful type of bacteria
The tubular shaft found between the kidneys and the bladder
Also referred to as a UTI; a medical condition of the urinary tract and system in which the cells are damaged by microorganisms.
The disappearance of the signs and symptoms of a particular disease; this is often used in association with cancer
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A medical condition involving excessive thirst
The term for plant life or animal life that is microscopic
The elements of function in a given tissue or organ
The term for the hip and related area
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.