Kidney Disease (Congenital) in Dogs
Congenital and Developmental Renal Diseases in Dogs
Congenital (existing at birth) and developmental kidney diseases are a group of diseases in which the kidney may be abnormal in appearance, or may be abnormal in its ability to function normally, or both. These diseases result from inherited or genetic problems or disease processes that affect the development and growth of the kidney before or shortly after birth. Most patients are less than five years of age at time of diagnosis.
Symptoms and Types
Your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical exam on your dog, taking into account the background history of symptoms and any possible incidents that might have led to this condition. You will need to give a thorough history of your dog's health, onset of symptoms, and any information on your dog's family history that you are familiar with. Your veterinarian will order a blood chemical profile, a complete blood count, an electrolyte panel, and a urinalysis. Abdominal x-rays, abdominal ultrasound and an excretory urography (x-ray of your pet urinating) will all be performed to identify and characterize the kidney disease your dog is suffering form. There are some direct genetic tests that are available for detection of specific genetic mutations associated with familial cystinuria in Newfoundland dogs.
Treatment for patients suffering from kidney disorders is often supportive or symptomatic. Without a kidney transplant, there is no cure for developmental or congenital kidney disease. Dogs with high blood pressure should be switched to a low salt diet, and dogs with chronic kidney failure should have phosphorous restricted and their protein intake moderately restricted.
Living and Management
Your veterinarian will schedule follow-up appointments for your dog to monitor the progression of the kidney disease. Animals with developmental or congenital kidney disease should not be bred; neutering is highly advised under these conditions.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
Eliminating or the material that has actually been eliminated
The amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries.
The result of a malignant growth of the tissue of the epithelial gland.
A condition in which growth and development are not up to normal standards
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