Salmonellosis is an infection caused by the Salmonella bacterium. It often leads to intestinal disorders, miscarried pregnancy, and blood poisoning. It is also zoonotic, meaning humans can be infected too. Learn more. READ MORE
While a source of heat is important for your reptile's thermoregulation, some heat sources can burn the reptile as it tries to get closer to the heat source. Learn more about this common injury and how it is treated. READ MORE
Are you an animal "owner" or an animal "parent"? Do you call your companion animal your "pet" or your "fur-baby"? We have our own quirks here in the offices of petMD, but one thing we can say is true: dogs do act like children. READ MORE
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From the relatively safe vantage point of the United States, it’s easy to forget how bad the rabies virus can be in countries where the animal population is not routinely and thoroughly vaccinated against it. Read more. READ MORE
Cats love to play with little things, but when they start swallowing them, things can get messy. For Kitty the cat, all of her nine lives would have passed at once had surgeons not found the culprit of her misery. Read more. READ MORE
The prostate gland is an important part of the male reproductive system. It contains many valuable and essential enzymes, including calcium and citric acid,and also plays an important role in the protection and motility of sperm. The liquid secreted by the prostate gland aids in the liquefaction of semen after ejaculation, and in the protection of sperm in the vagina.
Adenocarcinoma is a malignant tumor originating in the glandular tissue, in this case the tissue of the prostate gland, with the capability for growing and metastasizing rapidly to other parts and organs of body, including the lungs, bones, and lymph nodes. Prostatic adenocarcinoma is seen in both intact and neutered dogs, representing about one percent of all malignant tumors found in dogs. This disease can develop in any breed, but it most commonly affects large breeds, and like most carcinomas, it affects older dogs between the ages of 9-10 years.
Symptoms and Types
In adenocarcinoma of the prostate, the symptoms may vary depending upon the presence, extent, and location of metastasis to other parts of the body. Following are the symptoms commonly seen in adenocarcinoma of prostate:
Hormonal imbalance is suggested as one possible cause
You will need to give a thorough history of your dog's health, including a background history of symptoms. Your veterinarian will perform a complete physical examination on your dog, including blood tests and a biochemistry profile. Urine tests are an important part of the diagnostic process. The urine will be examined for the presence of white blood cells, infection, and malignant cells. Abdominal radiographs and ultrasonography will also be performed to view the symmetry, size, and outline of the prostate gland. Prostate tissue will also be taken by prostatic biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.