Treatment is not necessary unless the dog exhibits clinical signs. In order to avoid this, risk factors, such as warm humid weather or allergens, should be avoided. Exact treatment is dependent upon what sort of symptoms are present, and how severe these symptoms are. Breathing assistance and oxygen supplementation may be necessary, and if the airway is obstructed it must be opened. This can be done by passing a tube through the mouth and windpipe (known as an endotracheal tube) or via a surgical cut in the windpipe (known as a tracheostomy). There are also surgical procedures that can be done to prevent airway problems in brachycephalic breeds, such as widening narrowed nostrils or shortening an elongated palate.
If the dog undergoes any surgical procedures, it needs to be strictly monitored and continuously checked for breathing rate and effort, heart rate, pulse, and temperature, among other characteristics.
Corrective surgical procedures, such as the shortening of an overlong palate, or correction of narrowed nostrils, can help prevent respiratory problems in brachycephalic breeds. Avoid risk factors, such as warm humid weather and obesity, which can worsen inherent respiratory problems.
The term for a quick heartbeat
The windpipe; it carries air from the bronchi to the mouth
The creation of an opening into the trachea, usually for the insertion of a tube
Nostrils that are narrow or have been narrowed
The voice box; this is one part of the respiratory system
High body temperature
An examination of the larynx done with an endoscope
An animal with a wide head, short in stature.
A cavity in the mouth where the respiratory systems and gastrointestinal systems come together