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The specific treatment for periodontal disease depends on how advanced the disease is. In the early stages, treatment is focused on controlling plaque and preventing attachment loss. This is achieved by daily brushing with animal safe toothpaste, professional cleansing, polishing, and the prescribed application of fluoride.
In stage 2 or 3, the treatment involves the cleansing of the space between the gums and teeth and the application of antibiotic gel to rejuvenate periodontal tissues and decrease the size of the space.
In the more advanced stages, bone replacement procedures, periodontal splinting, and guided tissue regeneration may become necessary.
Follow-up treatment for periodontal disease consists mostly of good dental care and weekly, quarterly, or half-yearly checks. Prognosis in dogs will depend on how advanced the disease is, but the best way to minimize the adverse affects caused by the disease is to get an early diagnosis, adequate treatment and proper therapy.
The best prevention is to maintain good oral hygiene and to regularly brush and clean the dog's mouth and gums.
A product made of fluid, cell waste, and cells
The medical condition in which the tissues around the teeth are inflamed
A medical condition in which the gums become inflamed
a) Mass per volume b) The number of animals in a given area