Eye Inflammation (Blepharitis) in Dogs
Blepharitis in Dogs
Blepharitis refers to a condition that involves inflammation of the outer skin and middle (muscle, connective tissue, and glands) portions of the eyelids. This condition is also usually seen with the secondary inflammation of the inner surface of the eyelid (palpebral conjunctiva).
Symptoms and Types
Congenital (born with)
You will need to give your veterinarian a thorough history of the dog’s health, including the onset and nature of the symptoms and possible incidents that might have precipitated this condition. He or she will then perform a complete physical examination as well as a biochemistry profile, urinalysis, and complete blood count. Although their results are typically non-specific, they may reveal valuable information if a systemic disease is present. In particular, an eye exam may help determine the severity of the condition and the degree of involvement of the eye.
Your veterinarian may collect sample from the affected ocular area (or surrounding skin) to identify the causative microorganism, if present. These samples can be cultured to grow the bacteria, parasites, or fungus. A Schirmer tear test is also frequently conducted to determine whether the eye produces enough tears to keep it moist or not. And if a food allergy is suspected to be the cause, further testing may be required to identify the food allergen.
The course of treatment will depend ultimately on the underlying cause of the disease. In cases of self-trauma, for example, your veterinarian may recommend the use of an Elizabethan collar (cone). More severe cases, on the other hand, may require medication and/or surgery. And in cases of food allergy, the food allergen must be identified and eliminated from the diet.
Living and Management
The overall prognosis of dogs with blepharitis depends on the underlying cause. Some dogs respond well, whereas in others, a “cure” is not possible. If antibiotics are prescribed, you should notice an improvement in your dog within three weeks. However, consult your veterinarian before you stop cease providing medication to your dog. This may help prevent an unnecessary relapse. In addition, follow the veterinarian's therapeutic and diet diet plan accordingly.
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
Anything pertaining to the lid of the eye
A product made of fluid, cell waste, and cells
Something that is related to the whole body and not just one particular part or organ
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
Anything having to do with the eye
A medical condition in which the cornea becomes inflamed
A condition in which the skin becomes inflamed
A condition in which an animal’s eyelid becomes inflamed.
Turning in of the eyelids
A reaction to a certain pathogen that is out of the ordinary
Any substance with the potential to produce an allergic reaction in an animal prone to such a reaction.
The term for a disease of the skin caused by certain mites
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