Hi stranger! Signing up for MypetMD is easy, free and puts the most relevant content at your fingertips.

Get Instant Access To

  • 24/7 alerts for pet-related recalls

  • Your own library of articles, blogs, and favorite pet names

  • Tools designed to keep your pets happy and healthy



or Connect with Facebook

By joining petMD, you agree to the Privacy Policy.

PetMD Seal

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) in Cats

ADVERTISEMENT

Shock Lung in Cats

 

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) involves severe inflammation of the lungs which ultimately leads to acute respiratory failure and death in affected cats. This is a life-threatening problem, causing death in a majority of patients despite life saving efforts and treatment. An almost 100 percent death rate is reported in affected cats due to ARDS. Genetic factors have been found to play a role in the development of acute respiratory failure in people, but these factors have not yet been investigated in cats.

 

Symptoms and Types

 

Acute respiratory distress syndrome can present with a number of conditions and symptoms, which vary depending upon the underlying cause. Following are general symptoms seen in ARDS:

 

  • Extreme efforts to breath
  • Cough
  • Discharge from nostrils in some patients
  • Fever
  • Cyanosis (blue discoloration of skin)
  • Other signs related to the specific underlying disease

 

Causes

 

Following are some of the major causes of ARDS in cats:

 

  • Pneumonia
  • Smoke and noxious gases inhalation
  • Near drowning
  • Thermal burns
  • Aspiration of gastric contents
  • Serious infections
  • Lung injury due to trauma
  • Other serious illness

 

Diagnosis

 

Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a life threatening emergency that requires immediate treatment for any chance of recovery. Along with emergency treatment, your veterinarian will try to find the underlying cause of the disorder. Various laboratory test panels will be ordered, including blood tests, serum biochemical tests, urine tests and blood gases. Blood gas analysis is one of the most important diagnostic methods used in veterinary practice for ARDS. Your veterinarian will also order chest X-rays and an echocardiography to evaluate the lungs and heart.

 

 

 

 

Related Articles

Drowning (Near Drowning) in Cats
There are four phases in a typical drowning: breath-holding and swimming motion;...
READ MORE
Calcium Buildup in Lungs of Cats
When a cat's lungs begin to calcify (a buildup of the mineral calcium in the soft...
READ MORE
Upper Respiratory Infection (Chlamydia) in ...
Chylamydiosis in cats refers to a bacteria based chronic respiratory infection. Animals...
READ MORE
  • Lifetime Credits:
  • Today's Credits:
Hurry Before All Seats are Taken!
Enroll
Be an A++ Pet Parent! Take fun & free courses to earn badges & certifications. Choose a course»
Search cat Articles

 

 

Around the Web
MORE FROM PETMD.COM