Prolapsed Gland of the Third Eyelid in Cats
Prolapsed gland of the eyelid, also known as “cherry eye,” refers to a pink mass protruding from the cat's eyelid. Normally, the gland development is anchored by an attachment made up of fibrous material.
This medical condition occurs in both dogs and cats, although it typically affects younger animals. If you would like to learn how this disease affects dogs,please visit this page in the PetMD health library.
Symptoms and Types
The most common sign of “cherry eye” is an oval mass protruding from the cat's third eyelid. It can occur in one or both eyes, and may be accompanied by swelling and irritation.
“Cherry eye” is most commonly associated with a congenital weakness of the gland's attachment in the cat's eye. However, it is not known whether the condition is inherited.
While this medical condition can occur in any breed, it is more common in Burmese or Persian cats.
The veterinarian will review the mass in the cat's third eyelid and determine if there is an underlying cause for the condition. The diagnosis of the prolapsed gland could be scrolled or everted cartilage in the third eyelid, abnormal cells in the third eye, or a prolapse of fat in the cat's eye.
Treatment often includes surgical replacement of the gland in the cat's eye, or removal of the entire gland if the condition is severe. Conversely, if medications are recommended, they are typically topical anti-inflammatory drugs that are effective in reducing swelling.
Living and Management
It is important to prevent the gland from developing into a prolapse -- thus falling out of its proper place in the eye -- and reduce the recurrence of the disease.
Unfortunately, there are currently no known preventative measures for this medical condition.