Intro Minerals Vitamins Fats and Oils Carbohydrates Protein


MyBowl is here to help pet owners make better food choices for their cat.
Roll over to learn the essential features of a well-balanced meal for cats and how they help ensure optimal health.


Don’t neglect the importance of water. Your cat’s daily needs will vary with age, diet, activity level, and ambient temperatures.

Domestic cats have evolved from desert-dwelling felines and naturally drink less than dogs.

Watch out: Dehydration puts cats at risk for urinary tract disease. Keep fresh clean water available at all times.


The correct balance of minerals in your cat’s diet is crucial in making sure they grow and maintain a healthy body. Too much of a mineral can be just as dangerous as too little.

Minerals are naturally found in fruits, vegetables, and meat meals, they are also added to provide cats with what they need.

In comparison to adult cats, kittens have higher requirements for some types of minerals (as they have higher requirements for protein and energy). Feed kittens a food specifically designed for them until they are one year old unless your veterinarian recommends otherwise.

Watch Out: An excess of calcium, phosphorus or magnesium in a cat’s diet may increase the chances that he/she may develop painful bladder stones.


Fats and oils provide the most concentrated source of energy in a cat’s diet and make foods taste good. An appropriate balance between omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids also helps support the immune system, and promotes healthy skin and a lustrous coat.

Flaxseed and fish oils contain high levels of omega-3 fatty acids, which can help reduce skin inflammation and itching.

Watch out: Unlike dogs, cats cannot make their own arachidonic acid, a type of fatty acid. It must be provided in their diets and usually comes from meat, fat and eggs.

Look for: Several sources of fats and oils in a cat’s food can ensure that you are providing all the nutrients that are vital to good health, when they are part of a complete and balanced diet (that includes protein and minerals and vitamins.)


In a cat’s food, vitamins may only be present in small amounts but they are still powerful. Without adequate vitamin intake, your cat’s immune system cannot function properly.

Many vitamins, such as vitamin E and vitamin C, are also antioxidants that boost the immune system.

Vitamins are added to a cat’s food to provide the precise balance necessary for good health.

Look for: Cranberries are a wonderful source of vitamins A, B, C, K. Wheat germ, nuts and oil are a source of vitamin E.


Cats use animal and plant-based sources of protein to provide them with essential amino acids they cannot make themselves. These proteins provide the building blocks for strong muscles and are essential for your feline’s growth, maintenance and energy.

A balanced mixture of animal and plant protein sources such as chicken, eggs, peas, soy, meat meals or fish contain essential amino acids that cats cannot make on their own.

Watch out: If a cat has kidney disease, too much protein can worsen the condition.

Look for: Animal and plant-based protein sources should be present in the cat food’s ingredient list.


Carbohydrates give your cat energy to play and pounce. Fiber, a type of carbohydrate, helps to maintain the digestive health.

Whole grains are a healthy source of carbohydrates and help maintain steady blood sugar levels.

Carbohydrates and fiber contribute to the kibble structure in dry cat foods. They help hold the kibbles together and provide the crunch that some cats crave.

Look for: Grains or potatoes, they provide an excellent source of carbohydrates and fiber..

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IMPORTANT NOTE: Percentages for each MyBowl category are based on the need of healthy, adult cats and will vary for kittens and with certain medical conditions.