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what is exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in cats exocrine pancreatic insufficiency epi in cats affects a cats pancreas and occurs when most of the cells that produce digestive hormones dont function normally the pancreas is a small organ located under the stomach alongside the first part of the small intestine the duodenum a cats pancreas has two vital functions producing insulinthe hormone that moves sugar from the bloodstream into cells producing digestive hormonesincluding lipase to break… read more

the life of a dog seems like such a leisurely experience get out of bed go outside to relieve yourself come in have a snack and go back to bed then wake up go outside again have dinner and then go back to bed for another nap while this may seem like a lot of time spent sleeping its actually quite normal heres everything you need to know about your dogs sleep patterns from how much sleep they need to whether you should worry if your dog sleeps all day or cant sleep at night how long do dogs… read more

you may have been surfing the internet and stumbled across a hilarious video of a pug urinating while doing a handstand while this is indeed funny it is actually one of 12 distinct elimination postures dogs use while peeing the handstand among some of the more popular options like the raise and squat positions were all documented in a 1970s study on canine elimination patterns conventionally it is thought that a male dog lifts his leg to urinate and a female dog squats because this is… read more

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spaying or having your dog fixed is a procedure that achieves surgical sterilization in female dogs after being spayed your female dog can no longer get pregnant most shelters will spay your dog as standard procedure before they can come home with you there are several benefits to spaying your dog spaying can help prevent uterine infection reduce the risk of mammary cancer prevent unwanted pregnancy and avoid the behaviors that come with heat cycling while it is possible to spay a dog when… read more

dental disease in cats is a condition that shows up often in middleaged cats since only 20 of a cats teeth can be seen during a normal physical examination your cat should have complete oral health evaluations that are performed under general anesthesia cat tooth removal may occur during a comprehensive dental exam which consists of probing the teeth and gumline to measure the depth of the pockets taking xrays of the teeth soft tissue and bone to help visualize tooth roots and dental ligaments… read more

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bladder stones in dogs are mineral densities that form inside the bladder they can form one at a time or in the hundreds the formation of bladder stones in dogs is usually related to a change in urine ph this change in ph can be either acidic or alkaline which will affect which type of stone ultimately forms diet is one factor that can affect urine ph urine concentration can also affect bladder stone formation the more concentrated a dogs urine the more likely stone formation is the amount of… read more

surgery can seem like a scary process for many pet owners especially if you are worried about caring for your cat after surgery to help alleviate any stress or anxiety talk to your veterinarian before and after the procedure to ensure that all your concerns and questions are addressed read all surgical discharge instructions and discuss them with the vet when you pick up your cat take your time to ask questions and bring up any concerns you may have about the recovery process ask for a list of… read more

as more research is done in the field of veterinary nutrition we continue to learn more about how to keep pets happy and healthy with one of the most important and enjoyable aspects of their daily care food research has shown that one of the most critical dietary components for our feline friends is protein heres what you need to know about protein for cats and highprotein diets why cats need protein there are six classes of nutrients that may be provided by the diet water protein fats… read more

humangrade cat food is having a moment but is it really worth the extra money and for that matter what does humangrade even mean heres what you need to know to determine if a humangrade food is right for your cat humangrade cat food what is it the term humangrade is hard to define the united states department of agriculture usda and food and drug administration fda are responsible for regulating foods meant for human consumption but they have no humangrade designation the usda simply identifies… read more

cats sleep up to 18 hours a day or sometimes even more as they age youve probably found your cat sleeping in a number of different positions and some of them may be pretty strange what does it mean when your cat sleeps curled up versus right next to your head much of a cats sleeping behavior stems from social tendencies despite their reputation as aloof cats can have social connections and form bonds with pet parents and other pets they also seek out warmth from body heat while sleeping this is… read more

videowistia|m7yo5tog3j|true what is heartworm disease in dogs the following content may contain chewy links petmd is operated by chewy dirofilaria immitis is the organism that causes heartworm disease not only in dogs but also in cats ferrets and other mammals it is a large worm reaching up to a foot or more in length and as it completes its life cycle which takes about six to seven months it ends up in the heart and pulmonary vessels where it can live for several more years as the heart… read more

hamsters are curious animals that love to explore so its only natural to supply your active hamster with toys to keep them physically and mentally stimulated including toys that encourage running digging burrowing and chewing hamster wheels a hamster wheel is a classic toy that comes in various sizes to accommodate dwarf to normalsized hamsters when buying a hamster wheel look for options that are proportional to the hamsters body size this will allow safe running without causing tension on… read more

what is sarcoptic mange in dogs sarcoptic mange is a contagious skin disease caused by mites located at the hair follicles and can be transmitted from animals to humans sarcoptic mange can be an extremely debilitating and sometimes even fatal disease sarcoptic mange which is also known as scabies is caused by sarcoptes scabiei under the microscope this parasite appears as a small circular white mite adult mites have eight legs while juveniles have six legs terminal suckers are located on the… read more

what is canine herpesvirus canine herpesvirus chv is a condition specific to canines including dogs wolves and coyotes chv is primarily a reproductive disease which means many of our canine companions and their pet parents do not have to worry too much about it however chv is a significant problem for breeders because it can have a high mortality rate for puppies 3 weeks old and younger and is a major cause of spontaneous abortion and stillbirths after 3 weeks a puppys body temperature begins… read more

one of the proudest moments of being a dog parent is the joy you feel when youve successfully pottytrained your new puppy as your dog gets older though they may have a few accidents every once in a while but what if your dog starts pooping in the house more than a few times this behavior would definitely be abnormal for a housetrained dog lets take a look at some of the most common reasons and what you can do about it why is my dog pooping in the house if your dog keeps pooping in the house… read more

what is nasal adenocarcinoma in dogs nasal adenocarcinoma is the most common type of nasal tumor cancer found in dogs this type of tumor can occur anywhere in a dogs nasal passage including the sinus area nasal adenocarcinoma is typically aggressive in the nasal area but it rarely metastasizes spreads to other areas of the body if the cancer does spread it usually spreads to nearby lymph nodes lungs and the brain dogs tend to develop these tumors at twice the rate of cats and studies have shown… read more

what is ceruminous gland adenocarcinoma in dogs ceruminous gland adenocarcinoma is a rare cancerous malignant tumor that originates from the sweat glands found in the external auditory canal of a dogs ear the medical term for ear wax is cerumen ceruminous glands are responsible for producing ear wax ceruminous gland adenocarcinoma is only found in a dogs ears and its surrounding structures it always originates in the ear because its the only place in the body where ceruminous glands exist… read more

what is pancreatic adenocarcinoma in dogs the pancreas is located on the right side of a dogs abdomen close to the end of the stomach and the beginning of the small intestine the pancreas is responsible for producing hormones as well as digestive enzymes that help to break down food during the digestion process the second most common type of pancreatic cancer in dogs after insulinomas is pancreatic adenocarcinoma an adenocarcinoma is a type of cancer that originates in the glands that produce… read more

cats are known to be fickle creatures that dont immediately grant their trust in people it can sometimes require months to years of relationship building between kitty and pet parent to form a mutually faithful bond once this bond is established youll still need to understand cat body language to know what your cat is telling you cats often interact using covert signals including eye blinking tail movements and rubbing against other animals or humans for social interaction heres what this… read more

what is coccidia in cats coccidia are singlecelled protozoan parasites that nearly all cats are exposed to in their lifetime the parasite travels into the intestinal lining cells of the cat where it matures over about 2 weeks into oocysts rupturing the cells and causing intestinal damage these oocysts then pass through the intestines into the stool to finish their life cycle become infective sporulate and spread into the environment it takes no more than 16 hours for a passed oocyst to… read more

you might think that organic foods are toptier and better than nonorganic food and if organic food is better for people to eat is it the same for dogs what does it actually mean if a dog food is organic this article will help you interpret dog food labels related to organic dog food whether its 100 organic or made with some organic ingredients what makes a dog food organic the united states department of agriculture usda has not yet defined organic specifically as it relates to use of… read more

nutrition is a very powerful tool throughout all stages of a dogs life it can be used to maintain health prevent disease and even primarily manage some disease conditions that said just because your dog is getting older doesnt necessarily mean they need a diet change there are many foods out there that are labeled for mature aging and senior dogs there are even diets labeled for all life stages it can be hard to know what is best for your dog and whether you should switch to senior dog food do… read more

fleas can make kittens itchy and spread disease and if theyre really severe they can even cause serious blood loss and illness some methods for getting fleas off of pets such as flea combing and bathing will only kill the adult fleas on your kittenthey dont prevent new fleas from jumping on them and because fleas have a complex life cycle they dont need to live on your pets to survive as eggs larvae and pupae in these stages they can live in your home or in your yard so how do you get rid of… read more

cats can suffer from anxiety disorders just as people and dogs can they can experience generalized anxiety disorders or more specific anxiety issues caused by things like thunder or separation distress when their pet parents are not at home the first step to relieving your cats anxiety is to talk to your vet and then you can discuss the need for cat anxiety medications heres a list of the different types of cat anxiety medications and how they work talk with your veterinarian about your cats… read more

pedialyte is an electrolyte solution that can be given to children or adults with mild diarrhea or dehydration it can help rehydrate and replenish electrolytes which often makes a sick person with mild dehydration feel better so if your dog is suffering from the same symptoms can you give a dog pedialyte too is pedialyte safe or even useful for dogs heres what you need to know about giving pedialyte to dogs can dogs have pedialyte the short answer is that in small quantities pedialyte is likely… read more