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petmd editorial updated march 09 2016 published august 12 2008 share this bromethalin rodenticide poisoning in dogs bromethalin rodenticide toxicity more commonly referred to as rat poisoning occurs when a dog becomes exposed to the chemical bromethalin a toxic substance that is found in a variety of rat and mice poisons ingestion of bromethalin can lead to an increased pressure of cerebrospinal fluid the liquid within the membrane of the skull that the brain essentially floats in and cerebral edema the accumulation of excess water in the brain a variety of neurologicalbased symptoms can…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated march 22 2016 published august 12 2008 share this idiopathic epileptic seizures in rabbits rabbits much like humans can suffer from epileptic seizures occurring when specific neurons in the brain reach a point of hyper excitability this in turn can lead to bouts of involuntary body movement or function in the rabbit you must be very careful with the rabbit during these periods of excited cerebral activity as the seizures can cause brain damage symptoms and types the signs and symptoms of seizures may depend on the cause for the seizure seizures can be due to an…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated april 15 2016 published august 12 2008 share this pruritus in rabbits pruritis is the sensation that provokes the rabbit to scratch rub chew or lick a certain area of its skin this is often indicative of inflamed skin which can occur in any of the animals many dermal layers the condition also affects the systems used to regulate skin secretions symptoms and types scratching licking biting chewing hair loss selfinjury skin inflammation ie redness swelling rash causes skin tumors parasites eg ear mites fleas fur mites allergies eg food allergy medication allergy etc…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated november 19 2010 published august 12 2008 share this coagulation factor deficiency in dogs coagulation takes place when blood transforms from a free flowing liquid into a thickened gel like state in this state the gelled blood is called a clot and it is through clotting that a wound begins to seal this process is critically important for healing to take place when your dog is injured and continues to bleed uncontrollably this may be symptomatic of a defect in one or more of the processes that bring about coagulation a complex series of enzyme reactions are involved in…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated december 03 2010 published august 12 2008 share this seizures convulsions status epilepticus epilepsy is a disease that is characterized by convulsions seizures and sometimes the two terms are confused symptoms and types a seizure may have several symptoms or only a few including loss of consciousness muscle contraction hallucinations involuntarily urination defecation drooling salivation loss of recognition of owner vicious behavior pacing running in circles a typical seizure will have three components in the first aural stage the cats behavior will be out of the…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated april 05 2016 published august 12 2008 share this anemia iron deficiency in dogs when the body is deficient in iron red cells do not develop as they should the lack of iron causes the cells that are produced by the bone marrow to be too small and too low in oxygencarrying features in adult dogs this condition is usually caused by some kind of blood loss it is important to recognize irondeficiency anemia because the underlying disease can be lifethreatening the most common site of the blood loss is the gastrointestinal tract it is fairly common in adult dogs the…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated february 04 2011 published august 11 2008 share this mast cell tumor in ferrets ferrets like their human owners can suffer from various types of tumors a tumor is an abnormal growth of cells or tissues in any organ or system in the body and while most tumors are benign and do not spread to other organs of the body there are some tumors which can become cancerous and begin spreading threatening the life of the sick ferret a common skin tumor in ferrets is the mast cell tumor these mast cells are present all over the animals body but when it begins to form a growth it…

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petmd editorial updated march 21 2016 published september 23 2008 share this conjunctivitis sometimes referred to as pink eye or red eye conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the eyes outermost layer frequently due to bacterial infections there are two kinds of bacteria that are most commonly involved in conjunctivitis bordetella and streptococcus although conjunctivitis is not a very serious condition in guinea pigs its underlying cause needs to be identified and treated promptly to prevent any further complications guinea pigs are very sensitive animals and are likely to develop allergic…

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petmd editorial updated february 11 2011 published september 23 2008 share this inflammatory stomach lesions sometimes referred to as gastric ulcers stomach ulcers are inflammatory lesions of the stomachs mucous membrane lining these ulcers often occur in young chinchillas and are frequently caused by eating coarse fibrous roughage eating toxic moldy feed can also damage the stomach lining this condition is often difficult to diagnose because signs such as loss of appetite and stomach pains are easily overlooked therefore it is important to remain vigilant of your chinchillas actions bringing…

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petmd editorial updated february 11 2011 published september 23 2008 share this much like in humans chinchillas can fracture or break bones luckily chinchillas heal quickly from fractures however they require sufficient rest and proper restraint during recovery so as not to aggravate the injury symptoms a chinchilla suffering from a fracture will suffer from immense pain be unable to move especially the affected portion of its body and have swelling around the area of the broken bone a crackling sound may be heard when the fractured area is manipulated due to the rubbing between the broken…

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petmd editorial updated december 12 2016 published september 22 2008 share this frostbite results from prolonged exposure to severe cold fortunately this doesnt happen too often to the average house cat even though cats have a thick fur coat the tips of the ears nose tail and toes or any area where the hair is thin is susceptible to frostbite if your cat gets frostbite she most likely also has hypothermia any area that suffers frostbite may be lost if not treated immediately what to watch for affected areas will be pale to bluish white in color and much cooler to the touch than surrounding…

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petmd editorial updated february 11 2011 published september 19 2008 share this oronasal fistula in dogs a fistula is characterized as an abnormal passageway between two openings hollow organs or cavities they occur as a result of injury infection or disease a communicating vertical passageway between the mouth and nasal cavity is called an oronasal fistula dolichocephalic dog breeds are more likely to be affected with this condition especially the dachshund these types of fistulas are caused by the diseased condition of any tooth in the upper jaw the most common location for an oronasal…

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petmd editorial updated august 19 2010 published september 19 2008 share this attacks of sleep and weakness in dogs narcolepsy and cataplexy are disorders of the nervous system narcolepsy occurs when an animal suffers from excessive daytime sleepiness lack of energy or brief losses of consciousness the episodes are brief and go away by themselves cataplexy is characterized by sudden muscle paralysis without loss of consciousness the animal remains alert and can follow movement with its eyes throughout the episode cataplexy is similar to narcolepsy in that the episodes are spontaneous brief…

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petmd editorial updated april 06 2016 published september 19 2008 share this megacolon in dogs the colon is the section of the large intestine that begins at the cecum the sac that joins the colon to the end of the small intestine ileum and ends where the rectum begins all are part of the larger digestive tract the main purpose of the colon is to serve as a temporary storage conduit while it performs the function of extracting useful water and salt from the waste megacolon is a condition in which waste is remaining in the colon causing the diameter of the colon to become abnormally enlarged…

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petmd editorial updated april 14 2017 published september 19 2008 share this poisoning by pesticides and rodenticides is one of the most common household dangers to your pet in this case zinc phosphide poisoning will be explored as a potential culprit for your pets health condition zinc phosphide is an ingredient used in some rat poisons and is also commonly used by pest control professionals one of the effects zinc phosphide has on the body is a release of gases in the stomach so that an animal that has ingested poison containing zinc phosphide will have breath smelling of garlic or rotten…

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petmd editorial updated june 03 2021 published january 13 2009 share this cholecystitis and choledochitis in cats all of the components of this digestive system work in tandem and if one fails to function properly the result is that most of the body will suffer ill effects the gallbladder rests in the abdomen firmly affixed to the liver and serving as a storage receptacle for bile a fluid that is essential for digesting food in the stomach and intestines the bile duct transports bile from the liver into the gallbladder and into the small intestine and the liver functions in the secretion of…

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petmd editorial updated june 03 2021 published may 31 2019 share this reviewed for accuracy on may 31 2019 by dr katie grzyb dvm youve seen the ads where dawn dish soap is being used to clean wild birds whove been impacted by oil spills if dawn is effective and gentle enough for wildlife you may be wondering if it can kill those pesky fleas on your cat or dog too while dawn dish soap can kill fleas its not the most effective or efficient method and it wont prevent flea infestations heres why dawn dish soap might not be the miracle fleakiller youd hoped it would be for your fourlegged family…

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sara bledsoe dvm cva chpv updated june 03 2021 published june 30 2020 share this after any outdoor activity its always a great idea to get in the routine of checking your dog for ticks this is because ticks can transmit diseases in as little as 24 hours after attachment ticks like to hide on your dog especially in these spots around their face around their neck inside their ears under their arms and legs between their toes if you do find a tick on your dog its important to know how to safely get ticks off dogs follow this guide to learn how to remove a tick from a dog and dispose of it…

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petmd editorial updated june 03 2021 published august 29 2018 share this reviewed for accuracy on august 29 2018 by katie grzyb dvm humans are not the only ones that deal with anxiety issues cats can suffer from anxiety too as a pet owner keeping your cats anxiety under control is important for establishing and maintaining a positive pet and human relationship there are many reasons a cat may experience anxiety but there are also many calming products that pet owners can try to help manage their cats anxiety what causes cat anxiety according to the cat coach marilyn krieger a certified cat…

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petmd editorial updated may 10 2021 published may 25 2018 share this reviewed and updated for accuracy on may 25 2018 by jennifer coates dvm chemical communication through pheromones was probably the first form of communication to evolve in animals says dr valarie tynes dvm president of the american college of veterinary behaviorists and a veterinary services specialist with ceva animal health in lenexa kansas pheromones have evolved over thousands of years to enable animals to communicate within their species and between species dr tynes says using synthetic calming pheromones for cats and…

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jennifer coates dvm updated june 02 2021 published june 07 2019 share this just the word flea can make us itchy and its no wonder one flea can rapidly turn into an infestation of fleas that lay innumerable little flea eggs on dogs and cats catching fleas early is essential for controlling a flea outbreak to get a flea infestation under control it is important to fight fleas at every life stage including targeting flea eggs here are some tips for identifying flea eggs on pets and how to get rid of them so you can keep your pet and home pestfree what do flea eggs look like while adult fleas…

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petmd editorial updated may 17 2021 published march 11 2015 share this where do ticks hide ticks can pose a serious threat to our pets and their health ticks can spread diseases like lyme disease and rocky mountain spotted fever to help prevent your pet from getting infected with a tickborne disease it is always smart to check your dog for ticks after spending time outdoors or to check your cat for ticks if they are indooroutdoor cats there are a few favorite hiding spots that you should know about when checking your pet for stowaway pests these areas include under the collar under the tail…

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sarah wooten dvm updated june 04 2021 published april 14 2020 share this reviewed and updated for accuracy on april 14 2020 by dr lindsey naimoli dvm pet microchips save lives a microchip provides permanent identification for your pet that links them to you no matter where they end up if your dog is lost any shelter or veterinarian can scan your pets microchip to find out your contact information so they can reunite you as soon as possible here are some common questions and answers about microchips for dogs microchip faqs jump to a specific section how do pet microchips work how big is the…