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petmd editorial updated march 18 2016 published august 15 2008 share this low body temperature in cats even with a fur coat cats that are exposed to cold environmental temperatures especially when wet can result in hypothermia which in cats is defined as a body temperature below 100deg f as the body temperature drops the heart rate and other body activities slow and if not treated quickly can stop what to watch for initially your cat will shiver violently as his body attempts to generate warmth the ears and feet will get noticeably colder as blood flow to these areas becomes restricted if…

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petmd editorial updated april 13 2016 published august 14 2008 share this epididymitisorchitis in dogs epididymitis is inflammation of the testicular tube where sperm is stored while orchitis is inflammation of the testes themselves while the condition can be chronic acute forms caused by direct trauma to the scrotum are more common epididymitis is commonly diagnosed in dogs generally striking in the adult years the average age of dogs affected with this condition is four years old breed does not indicate the probability of a dog being affected the condition or disease described in this…

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petmd editorial updated august 20 2010 published august 14 2008 share this digoxin toxicity in dogs digoxin is used to treat congestive heart failure its primary benefit effect is to help the heart to contract while digoxin is useful at times the difference between a therapeutic dosage and a toxic dosage can be slight for that reason the veterinarian will need to monitor the digoxin blood levels throughout treatment owners also need be aware of toxicity signs as they can be subtle and may look just like a heart failure the condition or disease described in this medical article can affect both…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated march 30 2016 published august 14 2008 share this anterior uveitis in cats the uvea is the dark tissue at the front of the eye that contains the blood vessels when the uvea becomes inflamed the condition is referred to as anterior uveitis the literal translatiobn of which is inflammation of the front of the eye this very painful condition affects the cats iris and the surrounding pupil tissue which in turn may threaten your cats vision symptoms and types pain redness of the eye excessive tears discharge squinting pupil is small or has an uneven shape swelling of the…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated january 21 2021 published august 14 2008 share this anorexia in dogs anorexia as it applies to humans has been in the news so much that most of us are aware of it on some level anorexia is a very serious condition causing an animal to refuse to eat totally and its food intake to decrease so much that it leads to drastic weight loss dog owners should consult a veterinarian immediately to identify the cause the condition or disease described in this medical article can affect both dogs and cats if you would like to learn more about how this disease affects cats please…

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petmd editorial updated april 15 2016 published august 12 2008 share this apical abscesses in rabbits tooth root abscesses in rabbits formally known as apical abscesses are defined as pusfilled capsules or pockets within the animals tooth or mouth these abscesses are painful for the animal and tend to grow within inflamed areas of the gums where infection is more likely to spread symptoms and types some common signs include oral cavity loose teeth abnormal teeth or bite alignment cheek teeth elongation overgrowth of the incisor teeth used to grasp and bit food oral tissue swelling especially…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated february 04 2011 published august 12 2008 share this pneumonia in rabbits pneumonia occurs when there is a severe inflammation in the lungs leading to dysfunction of the entire respiratory system this inflammation may be due to a bacterial fungal viral or parasitic infection or because the rabbit has inhaled a foreign object into its lung environmental factors such as smoke or chemicals an inability to swallow coma and dental disease may also lead to pneumonia symptoms and types some common signs seen in all four major types of pneumonia include anorexia weight loss…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated december 13 2016 published august 12 2008 share this excess body weight or obesity is as much a problem in rabbits as it is in any other species especially household rabbits rabbits that are obese are not able to function normally because of their large size and body fat percentage although certain breeds of rabbit including the dwarf rabbit are more at risk for obesity due to their shorter stature and inactivity it occurs most often among middleaged rabbits that are caged and is independent of their gender symptoms and types typically rabbits prone to obesity tend to…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated april 18 2017 published august 12 2008 share this chylothorax in dogs chylothorax is a condition that results from the accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the chest cavity where the heart and lungs reside pleural cavity the main culprit of this condition is chyle a digestive fluid that is formed in the small intestine and conveyed by the thoracic duct to the veins en route to the veins chyle can leak into the chest cavity accumulating there and causing excessive pressure on the chest and its organs chyle is a milky to slightly yellow fluid made up of lymph and fats from…

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petmd editorial updated april 06 2016 published august 12 2008 share this cholecystitis and choledochitis in dogs the gallbladder rests in the abdomen firmly affixed to the liver and serving as a storage receptacle for bile a fluid that is essential for digesting food in the stomach and intestines the bile duct transports bile from the liver into the gallbladder and into the small intestine and the liver functions in the secretion of the bile all of the components of this digestive system work in tandem and if one fails to function properly the result is that most of the body will suffer ill…

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petmd editorial updated april 13 2016 published august 12 2008 share this brachycephalic airway syndrome in dogs brachycephalic airway syndrome is the medical term related to various upper airway problems found in shortnosed flatfaced dog breeds such as the pekingese a brachycephalic meaning to having a short broad head breed may experience partial obstruction of the upper airway due to physical characteristics such as narrowed nostrils an overly long soft palate or collapse of the voice box also known as the larynx breathing difficulties may also occur because of an abnormally small…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated april 05 2016 published august 12 2008 share this nonregenerative anemia in dogs a decrease in red blood cells is called anemia typically bone marrow will respond to this decrease by increasing red blood cell production however in nonregenerative anemia the bone marrow response is inadequate when compared to the increased need for this reason dogs who suffer from anemia caused by lead poisoning are put in a very dangerous situation also dogs that become anemic over a period of time will fare better than those who have a sudden onset of anemia when the anemia progresses…

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petmd editorial updated april 13 2016 published august 11 2008 share this blastomycosis in dogs blastomycosis is a systematic yeastlike fungal infection caused by the organism blastomyces dermatitidis which is commonly found in decaying wood and soil blastomycosis occurs most frequently in male dogs but female dogs are also susceptible dogs that are frequently exposed to environments where blastomyces dermatitidis exists are at increased risk this is particularly so with largebreed dogs weighing at least 55 lbs 25 kg and especially sporting breeds the blastomyces fungus thrives in wet…

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petmd editorial updated april 07 2016 published august 11 2008 share this corneal and scleral lacerations in dogs the cornea is the transparent outer layer at the front anterior of the eye the sclera the white of the eye is composed of a tough covering that protects the eyeball in medical terms a penetrating injury is a wound or foreign object that enters the eye but does not completely pass through the cornea or sclera a perforating injury on the other hand is a wound or foreign body that completely passes through the cornea or the sclera needless to say the latter is a greater risk to…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated february 04 2011 published august 11 2008 share this aeromonas infection in fish many types of bacteria can infect multiple organs of a fish one such common infection is caused by the aeromonas salmonicida bacteria it is generally due to poor sanitation or nutrition and is recognized by the red ulcers which cover the fish koi and goldfish are the pet fishes most susceptible to aeromonas infections as are most warm water and freshwater fishes in severe cases it can prove fatal for fishes symptoms and types the aeromonas bacterial infection affects multiple systems in…

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petmd editorial updated february 04 2011 published august 08 2008 share this boil a boil the result of an infection in the skin is similar to an abscess it starts out as a small bump and grows over time to become a larger boil that may seep puss eventually a boil will scab over boils are very painful and can even cause temporary lameness in some horses it is important to locate and treat boils as soon as possible to prevent the spread of infection symptoms and types the signs for a boil are fairly easy to recognize and include lesions on the skin a break in the skin a small bump or papule…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated august 10 2010 published august 07 2008 share this how to handle hairy situations ferrets commonly hide any sign of illness or injury until it becomes serious because of this you must remain observant of its daily activities such as eating sleeping playing breathing or urinating to understand if it is showing any abnormal signs signs of an emergency below is a list of some common signs a ferret displays during an illness or an emergencytype situation if your ferret presents any of these symptoms take him to a veterinarian immediately diarrhea seizures heavy bleeding…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated august 07 2018 published august 01 2008 share this videowistia|e78avcp02e|true feline leukemia virus infection felv in cats feline leukemia virus felv is a disease that impairs the cats immune system and can cause cancer this viral infection is responsible for too many deaths in household cats affecting all breeds the good news is that it is completely preventable the bad news is that most cats with felv live only a few years after their diagnosis symptoms and types cats with felv may not show any signs even for years some of the more common symptoms of feline leukemia…

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petmd editorial updated march 22 2016 published august 01 2008 share this saprolegnia and ichthyophonus hoferi fungal infections in fish can cause damage to multiple body systems such as the liver kidney and brain and usually occur when the fish is in a weakened state either due to injury or trauma it can also develop if a fish is placed in poor living conditions ie substandard water quality or an overstocked fish tank saprolegnia and ichthyophonus hoferi are two such fungi that can be found in fish whether they are kept in tanks aquariums or ponds symptoms and types the saprolegnia fungus…

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PetMD Editorial

petmd editorial updated february 10 2021 published august 01 2008 share this reviewed and updated for accuracy on june 1 2018 by dr hanie elfenbein dvm phd feline idiopathic lower urinary tract disease in cats idiopathic feline lower urinary tract disease iflutd is a general term for disorders characterized by blood in the urine difficult or painful urination abnormal frequent passage of urine and urinating in inappropriate locations a subset of flutd is idiopathic and is known variably as feline idiopathic cystitis fic feline urologic syndrome fus or interstitial cystitis these conditions…