Parasitic Infection in Rabbits



Unless your rabbit is severely affected by the encephalitozoonosis, it is normal for outpatient treatment to be provided. Inpatient treatment will be given if your rabbit is in a state of severe disease or if it cannot maintain adequate nutrition or hydration on its own. Dehydration will be treated with intravenous fluids or subcutaneous fluids, and mild sedatives, anti-epileptics (for seizures), and anti-parasitic drugs may be prescribed. Many rabbits with otherwise healthy immune systems improve with supportive care alone.


Living and Management


Restrict or confine your rabbit to a cage if it is showing neurological signs, like severe tremors, seizures, or rolling. A padded cages should be set up in a quiet spot in the home so that your rabbit will not be startled and will have the opportunity to rest and recover.


It is imperative that the rabbit continue to eat during and following treatment. Encourage oral fluid intake by offering fresh water, wetting leafy vegetables, or flavoring water with vegetable juice, and offer a large selection of fresh, moistened greens such as cilantro, romaine lettuce, parsley, carrot tops, dandelion greens, spinach, collard greens, and good-quality grass hay. You should also offer the rabbit its usual pelleted diet, as the initial goal is to get the rabbit to eat and maintain a healthy weight and fluid balance. If your rabbit either cannot or will not eat solid foods, you will need to use a feeding syringe to feed your rabbit a gruel mixture. Do not feed anything new to your rabbit during this time unless it has been directly advised by your veterinarian. Particularly, high-carbohydrate, high-fat nutritional supplements are not indicated for this disorder.


There is no prescription medication that has been found to successfully treat this infection, it is mainly treated with supportive care, as described here. Response to therapy is inconsistent, and long-term care for disabled rabbits may be necessary