Anemia Due to Chronic Kidney Disease in Dogs

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Treatment involves treating the symptoms related to the chronic kidney failure: replacement of deficient erythropoietin and resolution of the anemia. Supportive therapy will be started immediately to meet energy demands. In cases of severe anemia, a whole blood transfusion will be performed. Iron will also be added to the supportive therapy in cases with low levels of iron in the blood. Erythropoietin replacement provides both rapid and long-term correction of anemia related to chronic kidney failure.

Living and Management

It must be remembered that in most cases of chronic kidney failure, long-term treatment and management will be required. Regular evaluation will be required to follow your dog's progress and to avoid further complications. Your veterinarian will schedule follow-up visits for once a month until your dog's condition has stabilized. During these visits your veterinarian will record your dog's blood pressure and adjust the dosage of various drugs being given to your dog. The treatment of chronic kidney disease and anemia is not without side effects, you will need to consult with your veterinarian throughout the process in order to ensure proper management of your dog's health.

Correction of anemia through erythropoietin replacement therapy will improve overall health of your dog, including improved appetite and activity level. Your dog will be more playful, gain more weight, and will also be in a better position to cope with cold intolerance. Despite these short-term benefits, unfortunately, the long-term prognosis of patients with chronic kidney failure is usually poor.

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