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Anaerobic Bacterial Infections in Cats



Your veterinarian will put your cat on long-term antibiotics. While it can be frustrating to give your cat pills for weeks, it is essential to do so for the entire course, even after the symptoms have passed and your cat appears to be better. If even a small amount of the infection remains, it can return worse than before. For especially reluctant cats, many of them will eat pills that have been hidden in a small amount of food that your cat does not normally receive, such as a piece of fresh fish or chicken meat (cooked). If you use this method to give antibiotics to your pet, always be sure that the cat has eaten and swallowed the entire bite of food and that it is not spitting it out in a hidden place (behind a couch, etc.). 


Specific treatment will be dependent on whether the infection is in an easily reachable location. If the infection is in the muscles (of the legs, back, rump, neck, etc.) the veterinarian will open the wound, clean out the dead tissue and expose the tissue to oxygen. If the anaerobic infection is within the body, such as an infected uterus, inside the bones, or in the abdomen, then the veterinarian will have to anesthetize the cat to surgically open and clean and/or drain the wounds. 


Living and Management


These infections are often long-lasting and require long-term antibiotics and monitoring by a veterinarian. It is important to give the antibiotics to your cat on time and as your veterinarian has instructed. If there is bandaging, have your veterinarian go over cleaning and redressing procedures, to ensure that the wound is able to heal. You may need to use am Elizabethan collar, or cone, to keep your cat from getting to the wound.


Be sure to take your cat back for regular follow-up appointments so that wounds may be reopened and cleansed if necessary. Biochemical profiles will also be repeated at follow-up veterinary visits to check on the status of the infection. 


In-between visits, you should call your veterinarian if you notice any changes in your cat's behavior. If the cat seems very tired, has no appetite, or has any redness, swelling or pus at the site of the wound, for example, be sure to consult your veterinarian immediately. 


During the healing process, you may need to limit or prevent your cat's outdoor time, to prevent the infected site from getting dirty, and keep the litter box cleaner than usual (i.e., cleaning after each use) to prevent additional bacteria from entering the wound.



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