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Liver Disease in Cats



If your cat is showing signs of liver failure, inpatient care with fluids and electrolyte supplements will be necessary, but most animals can be treated on an outpatient basis. Treatment will be determined by whether it is acute or chronic hepatitis, or whether it is liver scarring/cirrhosis.


Making modifications to your cat's diet and providing it with foods that are low in copper has proven to be effective in most cases. However, most commercially available diets contain excessive amounts of copper, so you will need to create a diet plan with your veterinarian's guidance, and follow the instructions carefully. You will also need to avoid giving your cat mineral supplements containing copper. If required, your veterinarian can provide you with water-soluble vitamins.


In rarer cases, a surgical liver biopsy may be needed to screen for copper-storage liver disease and to monitor response to treatment. Be aware that animals with liver failure are surgical and anesthetic risks.


Living and Management


Following therapy (six months to one year), your cat should be re-biopsied to monitor the effectiveness of the therapy. Additionally, blood tests will be done every four to six months to monitor liver enzyme levels. Your veterinarian may also ask you to monitor and keep a record of your cat's body weight.



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