PetMD Seal

Cirrhosis and Fibrosis of the Liver in Cats



Patients with minimal signs can be treated on an outpatient basis as long as they are still eating normally. Patients with more severe signs should be hospitalized, given fluid therapy if necessary and have a feeding tube inserted if they are showing symptoms of anorexia. Electrolytes may be supplemented while administering fluids, and some patients respond well to B-complex vitamins.


If there is abdominal fluid build-up, the fluid will need to be tapped and removed, and sodium restricted in the diet until the cause of the build-up has been resolved.


Cats displaying signs of hepatic encephalopathy (ammonia buildup in the blood causing neurologic signs) will need to have food withheld, as should cats that are vomiting and/or suffering from inflammation of the pancreas. Such patients should have individualized protein portions suited to their level of hepatic dysfunction. Albumin levels should be maintained.


If surgery is being considered, a clotting profile will need to be performed. This is due to a concern that patients with longer clotting times will have an increased chance of bleeding, even during minor surgeries.


Living and Management


Your veterinarian will schedule regular check-ups with you for your cat. At these visits, blood work will be done, including monitoring of total serum bile acids. Your veterinarian will also observe your cat’s overall body condition and observe to see if fluid is building up in the abdomen. Contact your veterinarian if your cat appears to have a larger than normal abdomen, is behaving strangely, or seems to be losing weight.



Related Articles

Brain Disorder Due to Liver Disease in Cats

Hepatic encephalopathy is a metabolic disorder that affects the central nervous system. It develops secondary to liver disease (known as hepatopathy)....

Liver Inflammation (Chronic) in Cats

Long-term, ongoing inflammation of the liver, a medical condition referred to as hepatitis, is associated with an accumulation of inflammatory...

Liver Failure (Acute) in Cats

Acute liver failure is a condition characterized by the sudden loss of 70 percent or more of the liver's function. Learn more about the causes,...

Protein Deposits in Liver (Amyloidosis) in Cats

Hepatic amyloidosis refers to the deposition of amyloid in the liver. The accumulation of amyloid often occurs secondary to an underlying inflammatory...