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Gallbladder and Bile Duct Inflammation in Cats



If your cat's condition is not life threatening or severe, outpatient care may include antibiotics or other medications to dissolve the gallstones. For the more serious, critical complications, inpatient care will be required. During diagnostic and presurgical evaluations, restoring fluid and electrolyte balances as necessary, and monitoring electrolytes frequently will be essential for stabilizing your cat in the early phase of treatment. Other treatments that may be indicated are intravenous fluids, plasma (if indicated), and whole blood transfusion if your cat has bleeding tendencies, or if it has lost blood internally or externally.


If your veterinarian finds that surgery will be needed, a gallbladder resection may be recommended. Urine output will be monitored as part of evaluating the body's ability to restore and retain fluids. Remain observant for a slowed heartbeat, drop in blood pressure, and cardiac arrest when biliary structures are manipulated. Atropine may be required to slow or prevent the organs from responding to nerve stimulation, and to slow the body's secretions.


Your veterinarian may also prescribe the following drugs: presurgery antibiotics, medication to dissolve gallstones, and Vitamin K1.


Living and Management


Physical examinations and pertinent diagnostic testing will be prescribed by your veterinarian -- repeating every two to four weeks until normal results are regular. Be prepared for possible complications or recurrences, and be attentive of your pet during the healing stage. A ruptured biliary tract (bile system) and/or peritonitis may complicate and prolong your cat's recovery.



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