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Anemia Related to the Immune System in Cats



In acute cases, IMHA can be a life-threatening condition requiring emergency treatment. In such cases your cat will be hospitalized. The primary treatment concern will be to stop the destruction of further RBCs and stabilize the patient. Blood transfusions may be required in cases where extensive bleeding or profound anemia is present. Fluid therapy is used to correct and maintain the body's fluid levels. In those cases that do not respond to medical treatment, your veterinarian may decide to remove the spleen to protect your cat from further complications. Your cat's progress will be monitored and emergency treatment continued until it is completely out of danger.


Living and Management


Strict cage rest may be required until your cat is stabilized. Some patients respond well, while for others long-term treatment is required; some cats may even require life-long treatment. After successful treatment, your veterinarian will schedule follow-up visits every week in the first month, and later, every month for six months. Laboratory testing will be performed at each visit to evaluate the status of the disease. If your veterinarian has recommended life-long treatment for your cat, 2‒3 visits per year may be required.



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