Hi stranger! Signing up for MypetMD is easy, free and puts the most relevant content at your fingertips.

Get Instant Access To

  • 24/7 alerts for pet-related recalls

  • Your own library of articles, blogs, and favorite pet names

  • Tools designed to keep your pets happy and healthy



or Connect with Facebook

By joining petMD, you agree to the Privacy Policy.

Bacteria In The Blood in Reptiles

ADVERTISEMENT

Septicemia

 

Septicemia is a bacterial infection of the blood, and it is a commonly diagnosed disease in reptiles. The bacteria can spread to multiple organs throughout the body and cause widespread damage and death if not treated aggressively.

 

Symptoms and Types

 

Typical symptoms of septicemia include:

 

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Lethargy
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Weakness or an inability to move
  • Loss of muscle control
  • Patches of red or purple discoloration on the skin or shell

 

Causes

 

Bacteria can enter a reptile’s bloodstream through localized infections, traumatic injuries, and parasite infestations. Reptiles that live in dirty environments, are fed improperly, do not have access to appropriate temperature and humidity levels, or are otherwise stressed, are at much greater risk for developing septicemia.

 

Diagnosis

 

A veterinarian will often diagnose septicemia based on an animal’s symptoms, a physical exam, and blood work.

 

Treatment

 

Treatment for septicemia includes systemic antibiotics, providing the sick reptile with an especially warm basking site, and fluid therapy and nutritional support as it recovers.

 

Living and Management

 

With prompt and aggressive treatment, many animals with septicemia can recover. Reptiles should be taken to the veterinarian as soon as they become sick or injured because they are very good at hiding the severity of their disease. A reptile that only looks a little “off” may be much sicker than it appears.

 

Prevention

 

Proper husbandry including regularly cleaning and disinfecting your reptile's terrarium, parasite control, and preventing injuries will help prevent most cases of septicemia.

Comments  0

Leave Comment

  • Lifetime Credits:
  • Today's Credits:
Hurry Before All Seats are Taken!
Enroll
Be an A++ Pet Parent! Take fun & free courses to earn badges & certifications. Choose a course»
Around the Web

MORE FROM PETMD.COM