Developed in Madagascar around the 16th century, the Coton de Tular was regarded as royalty almost immediately. Even after being named the “Royal Dog of Madagascar” by a tribe in the past, this breed remained a popular dog among the rich long after and is gaining popularity as a loving companion.
The Coton de Tular is a small dog with the most striking feature being it’s long, cotton-like coat. The average height of the Coton de Tular is 9 to 11 inches, and it weighs anywhere from 8 to 13 pounds. The dense, soft coat comes in pure white, and any large dark markings are considered a fault.
Personality and Temperament
Regarded as royalty from the start, the Coton de Tular is a perfect companion. This dog breed is friendly with other dogs and people as well. The Coton de Tular is a playful and happy dog well suited as a family pet.
Known for its long coat, this dog breed requires more than an average amount of grooming. In fact, it is important to start this early on with the Coton de Tular so the dog becomes used to grooming and to maintain the coat. The Coton de Tular also requires a regular amount of exercise.
The Coton de Tular is a generally healthy breed with no known inherited diseases and lives an average of 14 to 16 years.
History and Background
Although the exact history of the Coton de Tular is unknown, it is believed the decedents of this breed were brought over to the island of Madagascar by ship during the 16th century. These dogs are said to have bred with the terriers on the island, resulting in today’s Coton de Tular.
Shortly after the Coton de Tular developed in Madagascar, the ruling tribe of the island, the Merina, took possession over the breed allowing only royals to own one of these dogs. Even after this tribe was overcome, the Coton de Tular remained popular in Madagascar and was named the official "Royal Dog of Madagascar."
The Coton de Tular was introduced to other countries beginning in 1974, quickly gaining popularity abroad.