Symptoms and Types
Bacterial diseases will generally infect the reptile, causing abscesses and ulcers in its tissues and organs. (These infections may even present pus-filled pockets in the reptile's tissues.) One such bacterial infection is mouth rot (necrotic stomatitis). It is due to Pseudomonas or Aeromonas infections and affects turtles and tortoises.
Bacterial infections of the eye are also common in all reptiles. The eye infections usually appear as swollen eyelids or small white spots in the eye's cornea; it may also develop ulcers or abscesses in the eye.
Pneumonia is another common bacterial infection in reptiles. The disease may be sudden and cause death in a few hours, or may develop over months causing chronic respiratory problems in the infected reptile.
All reptiles are susceptible to diseases due to bacterial infections. The most common reason for bacterial diseases is the weakened immunity of a reptile, usually because of sickness. These diseases can either be primary infections or secondary (opportunistic) infections.
The bacterial diseases are treated according to the type of bacteria causing the infection. Antibiotics are given orally or by injection to treat some bacterial infections, while topical antibiotic creams or ointments are used to treat others.
Sometimes the severity of the infection may require surgery, especially when the bacterial disease does not respond to antibiotic medicine.
The best way to prevent bacterial diseases in your reptile is to provide proper nutrition, hygiene and a clean environment for it.
A medical condition in which the mouth becomes inflamed
A type of decay that is caused by fungus or bacteria
The ability to create a disease where a disease might not normally be found, usually due to an ill timed or unlikely weakness
Having to do with dead tissue
A product made of fluid, cell waste, and cells