The primary treatment for EPM is antiprotozoal therapy. There are a handful of these drugs on the market for use in treating this disease. One of the most commonly used antiprotozoals is ponazuril. This is a daily treatment required for at least 28 days. If a horse is acutely neurologic, other supportive therapy may be required, such as anti-inflammatories or even IV fluids along with extensive rehabilitation.
Follow your veterinarian's instructions as to treatment regimens and prescription drug dosages. A horse that is severely affected may not recover 100 percent due to the damage already done to the spinal cord or brain stem. However, in less severe cases, with proper treatment, a horse can make a full recovery.
Since the opossum is the definitive host of this infectious organism, the best prevention is to keep these animals and other intermediate hosts like raccoons from entering your barn. Keep your grain in tightly sealed containers and sweep any spilled feed up immediately so as not to attract wild animals. Keep your hay in a clean space ideally off the floor.
Any type of pain or tenderness or lack of soundness in the feet or legs of animals
A group of organisms made up of only one cell; a one-celled animal
Half of a circular shape or formation
The part of the brain that contains the medulla oblongata and other vital portions of the brain.
The wasting away of certain tissues; a medical condition that occurs when tissues fail to grow.
A medical condition in which an animal is unable to control the movements of their muscles; may result in collapse or stumbling.
The name for the species of horses, donkeys, mules