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Sarcoids are difficult to treat and there is no single best therapy to use. Some methods involve surgical removal (excision), freezing therapy (cryotherapy), laser treatments, topical chemotherapeutic drugs, injection of a chemotherapeutic drug into the tumor, radiowave therapy, and heat treatment. Immunotherapy has also been used.
Recurrence of the tumors is common after removal, but they do not tend to spread to internal organs like some other cancers (metastasize). The recurrence has caused some to consider that the surgical removal activates a resting (latent) viral component within the apparently normal skin around the edges of the tumor. Because of this, many times a veterinarian will opt to not treat the sarcoid at all, only leave it alone unless it is inflamed or causing the horse pain.
Some research suggests that a vaccine or anti-viral treatment might be a possibility for this condition. Further study is needed to determine if this will be effective in the future. Removal of sarcoids may help to control the disease, but will not completely cure the condition.
As no vaccine currently exists, there is no commercial preventative available for sarcoids. However, wound management is critical for horses, especially during fly season.
The occurrence or invasion of pathogens away from the point where they originally occurred
Anything pertaining to the blood vessel system in the body
A fleshy, lobed growth of the skin
Equipment used for riding horses or driving horses
A carrier of a disease; helps to move a disease from one animal to the next.
Term used to refer to an infection that is present but has not yet begun to spread
A type of light device that transfers a bright beam; this is used for many medical purposes
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.
A term used to describe anything related to cattle.
The name for the species of horses, donkeys, mules
The area between the abdomen and thighs; the inguinal area
Not being able to cause harm; the opposite of malignant.