Dyschezia and hematochezia are diseases of the digestive and intestinal system that may result in inflammation and/or irritation of the rectum and anus, which in turn results in painful or difficult defecation. Ferrets with hematochezia can sometimes display bright red blood in the fecal matter, while those with dyschezia can also be affected by a concurrent disease affecting the color or gastrointestinal tract.
The signs and symptoms of dyschezia and hematochezia in ferrets are not hard to spot and typically include blood in the stools and extreme pain when defecating, which is evidenced by the crying out or noises made during bowel movements. Some ferrets may even try to avoid bowel movements, which can lead to more severe issues. Other typical signs of dyschezia and hematochezia include muscle tremors, intense abdominal discomfort, diarrhea, incomplete defecation, and enlarged lymph nodes.
Typically, various gastrointestinal diseases or chronic diseases affecting the colon can cause inflammation of the rectum or anus, which in turn can lead to painful defecation and bleeding of the colon. Dyschezia and hematochezia may also be due to coccidiosis (especially in younger ferrets), infection with other organisms such as bacteria, and trauma to the colon or intestines.
A veterinarian will want to rule out other causes for blood in stool and pain during defecation such as urinary tract infections, tumors, cystic diseases and bacterial infections. If your ferret has dyschezia or hemaotchezia, laboratory tests may reveal abnormally high levels of protein in the urine as well as confirm chronic diarrhea, inflammatory infectious diseases, floating fecal matter, prostate diseases, and cysts in the genital tract.
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
The area between the vulva and anus or scrotum and anus
The very end of the large intestine
Passing stool with blood in it
A condition characterized by difficulty with normal defectation
The exiting of excrement from the body; bowel movements.
A medical condition in which the body has lost fluid or water in excessive amounts
The end of the gastrointestinal tract; the opening at the end of the tract.
The digestive tract containing the stomach and intestine