Once the type of urolith is diagnosed and located, your veterinarian will devise a treatment plan. The vet may begin the treatment with antibiotics to dissolve the uroliths, however, if the number or size of uroliths is large, surgical intervention will be needed. The type of surgery for your rat will depend on the location of the uroliths, such as a cystotomy when dealing with the bladder, a nephrotomy when dealing with the kidney(s), or a urethotomy when dealing with the urethra.
Surgery is not always an option. In these cases, your veterinarian may advise euthanasia to spare the rat pain and suffering.
Once the stones are removed, your veterinarian will provide a specific diet and certain living conditions for the rat.
Providing a well-balanced, healthy diet for your rat may help prevent uroliths from forming in your rat, but because there are various causes for the condition, there is no surefire way to prevent it.
A stone that can be found in the urinary bladder; may also be referred to as a cystolith.
A medical condition in which the bladder is filled in full or in part with bladder stones.
A tube found between the bladder and the outside of the body; used to assist in urination.
The area between the vulva and anus or scrotum and anus
An increase in the number of bad white blood cells
Inducing death on an animal or putting them to sleep
The failure of the kidneys to perform their proper functions