Identifying the cause for alopecia and attempting to eliminate it forms the basis of treatment. Your veterinarian might advocate the use of parasiticidal agents to kill the ticks and mites if they are the cause for the hair loss. If a nutritional cause has been diagnosed then your vet might prescribe some vitamin and mineral supplements as well as a good nutritious diet to help overcome the deficiency. And in case of fungal infections, treatment may include fungicidal ointments, hair clipping of the affected areas, povidone-iodine scrubs, or oral antifungal medication.
Follow your veterinarian's instructions for administering the medication(s) and vitamin and mineral supplements. Fleas on wild prairie dogs also pose a risk of carrying the organism that causes plague. Therefore, take steps to clean and disinfect the cages in cases of ectoparasitic infestation and to help prevent reinfestation. Ringworms are especially worrisome, as they can be transmitted to humans while handling an infected animal.
Ensuring that your pet prairie dog is free of ectoparasites as well as feeding it a nutritionally well-balanced diet can help prevent alopecia in most cases.
Any type of arachnid excluding ticks
Small, wingless insects that live as parasites on humans and some animals