Parvoviral infection is a highly contagious but rarely encountered viral disease in rats. When it does occur, the parvovirus infection is very severe and recovery of the affected rat is uncommon, as the severity of this infection often leads to death.
The parvovirus infection spreads through direct contact, and by contact with contaminated cage items, such as litter, bedding, etc. Infection is usually symptomized in the digestive system as bloody diarrhea and vomiting, and in the reproductive system of pregnant female rats as stillbirths, small litters, runting (weak, low weight newborns with failure to thrive), hemorrhages, and infertility. In advanced cases, parvovirus can also lead to death of brain cells.
There is no available treatment for this condition; only supportive care is possible with the help of fluids and electrolytes. Prevention of this viral infection, by means of good hygienic practices, is essential to avoid the loss of your pet as a result of the parvovirus infection.
A diagnosis can be confirmed by your veterinarian based on the clinical symptoms observed along with advanced serological tests.
The term used to refer to certain lab tests that use liquid blood parts to detect disease