One of the most common treatment options is the surgical removal of the stones. In some cases, shock waves can be used to help break up the stones. Also, depending on the size and severity of the stones, sometimes they can be flushed and massaged out of the animal's system with a catheter and fluids.
It is important to reduce the animal's activity levels following surgery. Possible complications from the formation of these stones are the blockage of the urinary tract and the animal's inability to urinate. It is common for animals to re-form these calcium-based stones over time. Treatment on an ongoing basis will include the monitoring of calcium intake and the urinary patterns of the animal to observe if any problems develop.
If surgery was used to remove the stones, post-surgical X-rays are recommended to ensure that the stones were completely removed. Ongoing X-rays can also be helpful in frequent intervals and if the formation of these calcium stones is detected, non-surgical techniques can be used to remove or dissolve them.
The best prevention of recurrence is to monitor the animal's calcium levels on an ongoing basis so that adjustments can be made in the diet to maintain normal calcium levels.
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance