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Puppy strangles, or juvenile cellulitis, is a nodular and pustular skin disorder that affects puppies. It usually occurs between the ages of three weeks and four months, and is rarely seen in adult dogs. The face, pinnae (outer part of the ear), and salivary lymph nodes are the most common sites to be affected. The cause of this condition is unknown, but there are breeds that have been shown to be predisposed to it, including golden retrievers, dachshunds, and Gordon setters.
Your veterinarian will conduct a skin biopsy (tissue sample) to determine what is causing the lesions.
If your puppy is diagnosed with puppy strangles, early and aggressive therapy will be required to avoid severe scarring. Corticosteroids are the treatment of choice. Your veterinarian may prescribe a topical (external) ointment to soothe and ease the pain, and as an adjunct to corticosteroid medication. In rare resistant cases, chemotherapy may be required. Adult dogs with panniculitis (inflammation under the skin) may require longer therapy. Antibiotics may be also prescribed if there is evidence of a secondary bacterial infection.
Most cases do not recur, but scarring may be a permanent problem, especially around the eyes.
Any disease of the lymph nodes
The term for the nostrils and muscles in the upper and lower lips of an animal; may also be used to describe a type of tool used to keep an animal from biting
Something in which pus is discharged or formed
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.
The end of the gastrointestinal tract; the opening at the end of the tract.
A medical condition in which the joints become inflamed and causes a great deal of pain.
Term used to imply that a situation or condition is more severe than usual; also used to refer to a disease having run a short course or come on suddenly.
Relating to a disease of unknown origin, which may or may not have arisen spontaneously